Federalism is the idea that in the United States, the governmental power is divided between the national government and the government of the individual states. It is also the check and balance of the federal and state government’s rights. The relationship of federalism changes over time as there are different concepts of federalism depending on the period of American history. There was dual federalism, cooperative federalism, regulated federalism, and also new federalism. From the beginning to the present, it is because of federalism that helped shape the American politics.
The federal legislative process begins with the construction of a bill, or proposed law, by an individual. A member of Congress must then sponsor the bill for it to be introduced to the House of Representatives or Senate for further consideration. Once a bill is constructed, it is numbered and referred to either a House of Representatives or Senate Committee which then reviews the proposed actions of the bill and makes amendments to the bill as necessary. Bills may be referred to subcommittees of each committee in which greater scrutiny of the proposed legislation occurs. Subcommittees typically involve the use of hearings and professional testimony to determine legitimacy and necessity of the bill.
The Constitution uses division of powers in order to prevent tyranny from occurring. James Madison, a man who was very dedicated towards our Constitution, decided upon dividing the government into two different sections, state and central, this idea is known as federalism. Powers needed to run a country are granted to the central governments, a few of those powers are printing and coin money, declare war, and regulate trade, and powers given to the state governments are the ability to hold elections, establish schools, and set up local governments. ( Document A ). The idea of federalism is important because it has a major effect on the prevention tyranny.
Previously, the colonists had problems with a faulty government and feared tyranny. When the colonists first had the opportunity to self-govern, The Articles of Confederation was formed and thus a poor example of government. The Articles of Confederation creating a weak, defenceless and powerless country. In the second attempt to create a more perfect government, the Constitution of the United States of America was formed. The colonists decided to place a guard against tyranny and thus, over 230 years after the writing of the Constitution of the United States, The Constitution in fact protects the states, the states rights and the citizens rights against tyranny.
The two of the most important parts of the government are the State Government and the Federal/National Government. These two governments are very different in many ways but, they each have their own responsibilities and there own set limitations. These strict limitations are put into place to keep the States from overpowering the Federal Government and there are limitations in place to keep the Federal Government from taking the States rights away. One of these limitations being the tenth amendment which states that "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to people. " This in simpler terms means that all the powers the Federal Government doesn 't have belongs to the State or to the people.
After defeating the British in the Revolutionary War and declaring their independence, Americans made the first step to forging their new government. The Articles of Confederation were the first set of laws that the original thirteen states would abide by. But the Articles of Confederation was an unsuccessful attempt to better the conditions for the people of America. Due to the downfall of the Articles of Confederation people of power began to split apart and create two different views on how to fix the poorly run government. These groups were known as the Federalists and Anti-federalists.
In order to keep power equally, the federal government had to come up with a compromise, of course, as we now know it wasn’t going to be so easy, in fact, It took many years and many political debates to come up with a compromise. The compromise would then split the powers in the National Government and the State Government. As they would describe it, the National Government had enumerated powers, the State Government had Reserved power and the two Governments combined had Concurrent Powers. The Definition for Enumerated Powers states the power only belonging to the federal government.
The United States is composed of national and state governments that all unite to help the people of this country. Under U.S Constitution a federal system was created declaring the National Government as the possessive supreme political authority. States are also allowed to be sovereign, deriving their power from people through their state’s constitution. The federalist system allows that each state has its own constitution, but they must comply with the U.S Constitution. The differences between the National Government and a State Government are seen in the laws and powers described in a state constitutions and in the U.S Constitution.
Federal Government/Commonwealth Government: The Federal Government is a structure that distributes power between a strong National Government and Local Government. In Australia, the federal Government has a constitution that highlights what areas of social life the National Government and State Government will take charge of. The Federal Government has many responsibilities and if not fulfilled, many problems will rise again and new challenges will show up.
Local government have different role with federal government. Federal government responsible to govern the country and making policy while local government is more into implement the policies and provide the services to the society. As an organization that provides the services to customers, the quality of service is really important in order to meet the customer’s expectation. Quality is defined as a dynamic state associated with products, services, people, processes, and environments that meets or exceeds expectations and helps produce superior value (Davis & Goetsch, 2010, p. 5). However, many of the local government functions are being performed by the third party.
Statutory law usually enacted by a legislative body. Unlike case law, statutory law is not enacted to resolve a specific factual dispute. However, legislative bodies make rules or laws that apply to society in general. It governs numerous aspects, including traffic, domestic relation, criminal and civil liability, corporate operation, immigration, and homeland security. The most difficult part in researching is locating the proper law when you have a factual situation or issue and trying to find the answer.
The government of the United States (U.S.) has a largely balanced position between the federal and state governments. Through the U.S. Constitution and multiple years, the states and the central government are required to have an equal amount of power. Both the states and central government have certain powers and responsibilities that control and affect the other version. Within the central government, it was created to serve, protect, and provide services for the state and people of the U.S. Limited within the articles of the Constitution and implied powers, there are certain rights it gives to the states.
Problem Immunization is the process when an individual is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, normally through vaccination (WHO, 2015). Individuals of all ages should receive a shot in order to better protect themselves and the individuals around them. In 1809, Massachusetts became the first state in the nation to require an immunization policy, since then the entire nation now has federal policies implementing vaccinations to protect the public health (Martindale-Hubbell, 2015). However, these policies are typically generated for the younger generation of the population. Federal Immunization policies in the United States are implemented solely to ensure the safety of oneself and the society as a whole.
Federalists or Anti-federalists are both fair sides, and each side has an arguable amount of supporters. I am an Anti-federalist, or someone who opposes the Constitution. Moreover, we believe that the Constitution takes too much power away from the people. The Federalists on the other hand are those who support the Constitution. They link themselves with the idea of federalism, and federalism is when power is divided and shared between a central government and local governments.
Tocqueville analyses the success of the American system under the United States Constitution. He states: “…the real weakness of federal governments has almost always been in the exact ratio of their nominal power. Such is not the case in the American Union, in which, as in ordinary governments, the Federal power has the means of enforcing all it is empowered to demand” (Tocqueville 158). Thus, the distinct nature of the American political system arises from the ability of the central government to execute the laws it has produced – a principle of federalism.
In 1787 I would be a Federalist. I chose the Federalism because it favored separation of powers among different branches of government. Three new branches were established: legislative, executive, and judicial. Also, there was division between national government and regional governments. Each government had its own powers.
Jingyu Ge POL 1101 Professor Michael McCabe 9/21/17 Different Models of Federalism Federalism is one of the primary national structures, mainly used in larger countries. Since there are more conflicts exist in larger countries, the effects of federalism will be better. The United States also uses federalism as its national structure, which can be characterized as American federalism which has different features in different periods of times. The composition of any country is not just designed by the leaders’ own minds, but based on the situation of the country, such as economy, religion, and culture. The federalism can also be thought as a kind of confederation, which is essentially an indivisible and permanent form of sovereignty.
I. Functional- Federalism Functional- Federalism is a regime where the individuals organize themselves in a pattern of overlapping jurisdictions that are without explicit ranking, with each jurisdiction responsible for the provision of a specific class of public goods. However, the one who receives the services to seek and move to the juris diction that best meets its preferences, it is not the user. It is the latter that is capable to make its offer of goods and services to the citizen without obliging him to change the place of residence.
A government is the organization in a country that is dominant in physical force; it identifies laws in order to clarify the use of force and its abilities in enforcing them, thus ensuring the proper use of force. The purpose of a government is not only limited in ensuring the proper use of force but also to protect the individual rights of its citizens on the domestic and foreign level as well. In a federal government, like that implemented and worked upon in the United States of America, it is composed of three distinct branches having equal power: legislative, executive, and judicial. However the real power of the government today in the U.S. is not the mentioned ones but the real power lies within the federal bureaucracy, which is considered
Federalism Federalism is a system of government in which power is divided between federal government, state government and provinces government. While federalism has many benefits, among them is checks and balances between the federal and state government, thus reducing the chances of one party getting too powerful and abusing their power. Preventing one party from being too powerful and abusing their powers is a good thing. However, it comes with a price that federal and provinces (state and local) governments do not always see eye to eye and agree with each other, which turns into conflict.