International relations theory Essays

  • Critical Theory In International Relations

    1362 Words  | 6 Pages

    evaluate Critical Theory and how it is applied in the sphere of International Relations (referred to from this point as IR). Critical Theory is one of many lenses through which one can view and interpret interaction between nations; others include Realism, Liberalism, Structuralism and Post-Modernism. Contained within this essay will be detailed analysis of the ideas and thinkers which have shaped Critical Theory, as well as criticisms of the theory and key differences between this theory and other prevalent

  • Three Major Theories Of International Relations

    923 Words  | 4 Pages

    Many international relation scholars use the three main schools of thought, realism, liberalism and constructivism, to understand and analyze states’ behaviors in the international arena. Each of the three theories uniquely explains the reasons behind a state’s behavior in times of peace or during a conflict. Realism is the school of thought that believes that the international system is anarchic and thus the states try to gain material power. On the other hand liberalism focuses on the power of

  • Liberalism And Realism: Two Key Theories Of International Relations

    1181 Words  | 5 Pages

    OF REALISM? Liberalism and realism are the two key theories of international relations. Realism is the first school of thought in international relations. The tradition of realism is traced back to the history of Thucydides in 5th century. The concept of realism originated all the way back from Peloponnesian war (between Athenians and Spartans around 420 BC). After Second World War, realism emerged as accepted wisdom in international relations because of the clear lessons that war appeared to reiterate

  • The Theory Of Idealism In International Relations

    1253 Words  | 6 Pages

    The Theory of Idealism in International Relations. Ojochogwu Aladi Enape Schiller International University. The theories in International relations are assertions that try to explain and justify how international structures work and the characteristics of ever changing interactions across territories. Each theory has been developed and grounded on various perspectives relating to human nature and the world in general, but as the world is constantly evolving, the usefulness of each theory

  • Structural Realism: The Three Theories Of International Relations

    1497 Words  | 6 Pages

    What is International Relations? International Relations is concerned with relations across boundaries of nation-states. It addresses international political economy, global governance, intercultural relations, national and ethnic identities, foreign policy analysis, development studies, environment, international security, diplomacy, terrorism, media, social movements and more. It is a multidisciplinary field that does not restrict students to one approach and employs a variety of methods including

  • Realism Theories In International Relations

    1310 Words  | 6 Pages

    in the study of international relations. Over time, there have been many theories proposed to help us understand what actually causes wars. Some theories depend on social and mental nature of man or separate learners in general. Other theories focus on the decision making process of the regime or domestic politics to describe the theories of war (Reiter 2003). Nevertheless, the most dominant theories or perceptions of what causes wars are Realism and Liberalism. These two theories place emphasis that

  • John Mearsheimer Theory Of International Relations

    1084 Words  | 5 Pages

    International relations exist in a state of anarchy. In this system, there is no central government, no written code of laws, and no standard for how to behave. Without laws, there is no definitive explanation for states’ behavior. Theorists such as John Mearsheimer and Robert Keohane, a neorealist and a neoliberalist respectively, have formulated arguments to explain international relations. Neorealists adopt a negative, structural view of world politics, while neoliberals take a more positive

  • Samuel Huntington Current World Order

    1513 Words  | 7 Pages

    perspectives of Huntington, Mearsheimer and Zakaria. These three ideologists argued how fighting for, maintaining and continuing to have power shape the world and put states in their rightful place. With the application of mainstream theories of international relations, the current world order will be illustrated throughout this paper. Samuel Huntington made a hypothesis on what the new world order may be after the Cold War. Since after the said conflict, civilizations were separated not just because

  • Similarities Between Realism And Idealism

    1381 Words  | 6 Pages

    The international relations schools of thought known as Realism and Idealism identify specific and similar characteristics of actors in the conceptual development of their theories. While many of these characteristics can be generalized as being synonymous with the two theories, both theories make a separate distinction in what specifically constitutes an actor. In Realism, the term “actor” refers directly and solely to the state: a combination of government, leaders, decision-makers, etc, that act

  • Neorealist Kenneth Waltz And Hans Morgenthau's Idea Of Power

    2190 Words  | 9 Pages

    effect on how each view the nature of international politics? Introduction This paper will focus on the main difference of certain points in two theories, idea of “capabilities” by neorealist Kenneth Waltz and idea of “power” by Hans Morgenthau. Both theorists tried to explain how the international system works and how its structure has an influence on the international politics. In first two parts of this essay, there will be described individual theories, and in the third part there will be a

  • Structural Realism Vs Neoliberalism

    895 Words  | 4 Pages

    Within the study of international relations, neoliberalism is a theory about achieving international cooperation between states in the international system. Neoliberalism can be seen as a response to structural realism. These two theories have in common that their main focus of analysis is the state and its interests. They also have the same interest in studying rationality and utility maximizing. Another assessment that these two theories share is that cooperation is very difficult to accomplish

  • Difference Between Classical And Classical Realism

    795 Words  | 4 Pages

    Classical realism and structural realism are both theories of International Relations, therefore huge differences are noticed in between those two. The main difference lies in the motivation to power, which is seen differently by both theories. Classical realism is concentrated in the desire of power- influence, control and dominance as basic to human nature. Whereas, structural realism is focused on the international system anarchic structure and how the great powers behave. Classical realists believe

  • Realism, Constructivism And Post-Structuralism

    958 Words  | 4 Pages

    direction of a country. This means there is no term mentioned as an International Organization but merely the State. Realism also believes the State is deciding on the future of the people. In connection with it, the state is certainly confident that whatever actions are correct and appropriate, even if it is done by means

  • The Realist Theory Of Realism And The Peloponnesian War

    1331 Words  | 6 Pages Realism Theory Realism focuses on state security and power above all else. Early realists such as E.H. Carr and Hans Morgenthau argued that states are self-interested, power-seeking rational actors, who seek to maximize their security and chances of survival.[10] Cooperation between states is a way to maximize each individual state 's security (as opposed to more idealistic reasons). Similarly, any act of war must be based on self-interest, rather than on idealism. Many realists saw World

  • Neo Realism And Neo-Liberalism Similarities

    1282 Words  | 6 Pages

    contemporary approaches to international relations, although similar in some respects, differ multitudinously. Thus, this essay will argue it is inaccurate to claim that Neo-Realism and Neo-Liberalism have far more similarities than differences. On the contrary, it will contend that there are, in an actual fact, more of the latter than there are of the former on, for example, the nature and consequences of anarchy, the achievement of international cooperation, and the role of international institutions. Moreover

  • Realism And Capitalism

    1162 Words  | 5 Pages

    surviving in a dangerous world requires that morality be weighed wisely against national interest. There are many implications to the realists ' dark view of politics. One is that there is little hope for substantially reforming the anarchic international system. Second, realpolitik holds that countries should practice balance-of-power politics. This means to strive to achieve an equilibrium of power in the world in order to prevent any other country or coalition of countries from dominating the

  • Annotated Bibliography: US Foreign Policy

    1459 Words  | 6 Pages

    Policy. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Cox and Stokes (2008) define liberal internationalism” as the framework in which U.S. foreign policy has been dictated throughout the 20th, and well into the 21st century. The “Wilsonian” doctrine of international cooperation is defined as being the framework for liberalism through the development of the League of Nations and the United Nations, which has been a longstanding tradition through the development of the United Nations under the leadership of

  • Similarities Between Realism And Liberalism

    1938 Words  | 8 Pages

    between the most dominant theories in international relations, Realism and Liberalism, both theories have some similarities and differences but much more important and interesting is to discuss and explain what differs and makes similar both theories. Conflicts and wars, Similarities and differences between Realism and Liberalism: Both Liberalism and Realism believes that there is no world government that can prevent countries to go to war on one another. For both theories military power is important

  • Kant's Cosmopolitanism Analysis

    838 Words  | 4 Pages

    Cosmopolitanism as an idea is as broad and at times dangerously as vague as the term identity. Therefore, it is essential to deconstruct it into one focused teleological approach in order to understand the manner in which this desired approach can be applied to an understanding of identity construction and identity clashes within and between the EU and its ‘new’ member states, respectively. With regards to this desired approach, this will be an interpretation of Immanuel Kant’s conception of cosmopolitanism

  • Theories Of Political Realism

    1691 Words  | 7 Pages

    politics? Introduction Realism is a political theory amongst many others, and is a paradigm that goes far back as one of the oldest in International Relations (IR) as well as International Political Economy (IPE). It is a hub of ideas based on different principles about what determines state behavior towards the other. In the discipline of IR there are general theories/theoretical perspectives. Realism is also known as political realism where the international politics stresses and emphasizes its competitive