Marxist theory Essays

  • Liberalism and Communism: Politics in 'The Hunger Games'

    1165 Words  | 5 Pages

    According to Marx and Engel, cited by Linklater (2005), there are two social classes, namely the bourgeoisies and the proletariats. The bourgeoisies have power in government and economics, while proletariats are only workers ruled by bourgeoisies (p.110). Marx said, “Class struggle have been the principal form of conflict in the whole of human history. Political revolution has been the main agent of historical development while technological innovation has been the driving-force behind social change” (Marx in Linkanter, 2005, p. 114). It means that there should be a political revolution to solve the class struggle.

  • Historical Theory

    1019 Words  | 5 Pages

    Marxism reframes economic relationships to be at the core of human history, focusing on the innate need for material items. Placing economic relationships at the core of human history, Marxism focuses on the innate need for material items while simultaneously emphasizing the relationship between industry and exchange to understand humanity. Marx recognized three epochs of history, including, tribal phase, feudal phase, and capitalist phase. Following these stages, Marx theory leads to a conscious revolution from the repressed class. Once the revolution has taken place, the final stage of human history leads to socialism.

  • Guy Debord: A Marxist Analysis

    1684 Words  | 7 Pages

    Karl Marx was the first theorist to attempt to analyse modern and postmodern societies. According to Marx, the capitalist mode of production helped to create a new form of modern society. This new form of modern society was built around the production of commodities and the collection of capital. According to Marx, capital created its own world and the commodities that were created became a norm of social organization (Best and Kellner, 1997). Capitalism has become a norm within society due to the attachments that society has given it.

  • Marx And Engels: A Marxist Analysis

    1470 Words  | 6 Pages

    Whereas, Periphery countries fall on the other end of the economic scale. These countries lack a strong central government and may be controlled by other states. These countries export raw materials to the core countries and they are dependent on core countries for capital and have an underdeveloped industry (Wallerstein, 1989). According to figures published by the UN Development Programme for 1992, the gap between rich and poor countries has increased inexorably over the past decades. Since 1960 the share of the world’s gross product of the richest 20% grew from 70.2% to 82.7%.

  • Sociological Theory In The 19th Century

    898 Words  | 4 Pages

    For example, as Karl Marx and Max Weber believed that social conflict was intrinsic to the organization of capitalistic societies, Émile Durkheim found it to be abnormal and damaging to industrial production. As well, just as Weber was cautious in terms of a revolution, Marx embraced the fast-paced movements such as collective protest as it unified the working class and defined their struggles. In conclusion, the sociologists helped reflect a concern for the consequences of modern life through their influential philosophies of the working class during industrialism, and their ideologies on the social constraints of

  • Similarities Between Feminism And Marxism

    1781 Words  | 8 Pages

    This essay will compare and contrast the aspirations and opinions of the Marxist and feminist ideologies, both of which continue to have a meaningful impact upon modern politics. At its simplest Marxism is a political ideology which aims to build from the critical analysis of the philosopher Karl Marx. The Marxist view of capitalism is that through the operation of the economy, the masses (workers) are exploited by the ruling class (capitalists) via profit, which is seen as theft. A strong proponent of this stance was the philosopher Friedrich Engels who stated, “all past history was the history of class struggles; that these warring classes of society are always the products of the modes of production and of exchange.” (Engles, 1877), developed

  • Abner Snopes in the eyes of Karl Marx: Hero or Villain?

    967 Words  | 4 Pages

    Nazira Abibullakyzy WLL #101: Introduction to Critical Issues in the Humanities and Social Sciences Essay 2: Question choice 1 October 31, 2014 Abner Snopes in the eyes of Karl Marx: Hero or Villain? Both Karl Marx and Faulkner in their works wrote about class struggles. In his Manifesto of the Communist Party, Karl Marx talks about the significance of revolutions of working class against bourgeoisie. According to him, modern industrialization has created new subordinate class called ‘proletariats’, whose fate is vitally linked to bourgeoisie. He criticizes new forms of oppression and new kinds of struggle that were established as a consequence of capitalism, instead of those ones created during the feudalism.

  • Karl Marx Theory Of Exploitation Essay

    1245 Words  | 5 Pages

    This work will look at Marx’s concepts of exploitation and how Marx’s comes to his theory of exploitation. This will include looking at how Marx viewed capitalist society and how this capitalist society was created. This will enable an explanation of exploitation. Karl Marx (1818-1883) is thought of as one of the founding fathers of sociology and his work in the mid nineteen hundreds is still discussed and taught today throughout the world. Marx developed an understanding of the term capitalism, as historic events such as the French Revolution 1789-1799 and the Industrialisation became key to a change in society.

  • Analysis Of The German Ideology By Karl Marx

    1495 Words  | 6 Pages

    To comprehend Marx's commitment to the advancement of cutting edge social hypothesis, the need to think about and comprehend the philosophical thoughts that existed before Marxism remains a sine qua non. This is on account of it is unrealistic to separate traditional Marxism from its genuine philosophical embodiment. The former logicians/schools of musings before Marxism incorporate English established political economy, French socialism and German belief system or German reasoning. Marx saw societal advancement in mankind's history through class battle. The thought of argumentative realism centres, in some sense, on the societal battle between the decision financial class and the oppressed average workers.

  • Marxism In The 19th Century By Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels

    879 Words  | 4 Pages

    Developed in the 19th century by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels was a theory called Marxism. In dictionary terms one can say that Marxism is “a system of economic, social, and political philosophy based on ideas that view social change in terms of economic factors.” (Business Dictionary) But what is Marxism? Let’s look at it this way that if a theory ignores the economic realities of human culture then it is misinterpreting it. For Karl Marx; Historical Materialism was the driving force in society which was a notion involving the distribution of resources, production, material gains and such matters. Therefore, for Marxism attaining and maintaining economic power is what fuels all political and social motives of people.

  • Marxism And Globalization Analysis

    737 Words  | 3 Pages

    Introduction I argue that Marxism is best explains the contemporary phenomenon of economic globalization. “Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that analyzes class relations and societal conflict that uses a materialist interpretation of historical development and a dialectical view of social transformation” . “Marxist methodology uses economic and sociopolitical inquiry and applies that to the critique and analysis of the development of capitalism and the role of class struggle in systemic economic change. In Marxism, the concept of contradiction between economic and political relations was enacted into historical law. The Marxist position is that the mode of production does in fact determine the superstructure of political relations.

  • Marx's Class Struggle

    1177 Words  | 5 Pages

    In the Communist manifesto, a well known quote of Marx, “the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.” This is introductory to the first part of the pamphlet and a conclusion to Marx’s theory about class struggle. Marx’s highly structured on how the class struggle emerges and affects the development of a society. The development of a society from the old and from the new is the result of the conflict of classes in the society. Marx’s use of this method, the dialectical materialism, to analyze the general development of historical events and it is a large outline of the principal stages through which history has moved. The materialist view to history shows that humanity has the capability to survive, as

  • Hegel And Marxism

    962 Words  | 4 Pages

    To put it another way, subject is placed in the system of the relations of production which have been gradually evolving since the ancient times. Historical materialism occupies a place of the Hegelian philosophy of history. In Manifesto of the Communist Party Marx and Engels argue that the whole history of mankind should be viewed as a developing combat between oppressor and oppressed which 'each time ended, either in a revolutionary re-constitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes' (Marx & Engels 1998, 32). Ultimately, subject is seen as belonging to a certain social camp and representing the actual relations of productions. For Marx and Engels, 'the modern bourgeoisie is itself the product of a long course of development, of a series of revolutions in the modes of production and of exchange' (Marx & Engels 1998,

  • The Marxist Methodology: The Layman Ideology

    1734 Words  | 7 Pages

    In any of the sciences, it is essential to break down the components of the object of study and understand them before delving into the subject and Sociology is one of the major sciences demands us to understand the basic concept of class and it’s background. So theoretically a class are like-minded people who are located at the intersection of economics, society, and politics. The Marxist claim to class rests on the distinctiveness of these three interpenetrating aspects of social life. So basically class is the division of groups based on the economic roles and position that shapes the social world they inhabit and the culture they choose to follow which in turn molds their political choices and actions. The layman ideology would be that what you are led to what our experience which inevitably leads to what you do.

  • How Did The Soviet Union Influence The Theory Of Marxism

    764 Words  | 4 Pages

    The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics during to the period of its existence was the largest country in the world divided into 15 constituent republics. Even though The Soviet Union was a highly centralized one party state, it was incredibly hard to govern such unit and fulfill the economic needs of society. The economics of the USSR since the Bolsheviks revolution could be called more or less continues reform and experimentation in which ideology was considered to be one of the main elements of success (Clarks). Soviet Union was a nation founded on Marxism ideology, which was based in Hegelian philosophy, was a rebellion against the individual rights doctrine of the century before Marx (Raico). The main activist of the Bolshevik party, which later became the Communist Party of Soviet Union, were mainly intelligentsia, who presented themselves as leaders of the revolutionary

  • Hard Time: A Comparative Analysis Of English Literature

    859 Words  | 4 Pages

    The expression “Hard Times” generally means a period of slump or depression when food is scanty, when wages are low, and when unemployment is widespread. However, Dickens has not used this phrase in that sense. What Dickens means by this phrase is a general state of affairs in which the lives of people are inhibited or restricted and in which people are prevented from giving a free and spontaneous outlet to their natural feelings and sentiments. The phrase implies a kind of bondage to routine and calculation which result from mechanisation and industrialism. THE OTHER SOCIAL PURPOSE The second social purpose of Hard Times is more difficult to define.

  • Marx's Theory Of Class Conflict

    1453 Words  | 6 Pages

    In the Communist manifesto, a well known quote of Marx, “the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.” This is introductory to the first part of the pamphlet and a conclusion to Marx’s theory about class struggle. Marx’s highly structured on how the class struggle emerges and affects the development of a society. The development of a society from the old and from the new is the result of the conflict of classes in the society. Marx’s use of this method, the dialectical materialism, to analyze the general development of historical events and it is a large outline of the principal stages through which history has moved. The materialist view to history shows that humanity has the capability to survive, as

  • Marx: Mechanization And Industrialization Theory

    1275 Words  | 6 Pages

    In this paper, I’ll analyze Marx’s social theory, relations of production, social classes and the structures of capitalist society. Hegelian dialectic approach was the key figure for Marx while he was building the social theory. Avineri shows, "can demonstrate that the distinctive patterns in Marx 's later thought had already taken shape when he attacked Hegel in this work. " (Avineri, pp . 13, 9, 14) Marx rebelled against Hegel 's philosophy in which ideas were taken to be the important determinants of history.

  • Global Political Economy

    1755 Words  | 8 Pages

    Global political economy is recognition of the need to properly study the interaction of the economy and the state for a better understanding of society. This concept is concerned with the way that governments intervene in the state’s economy and the implications that this has, and the role the government plays. Study into this relationship has given birth to conflicting theories from liberals and Marxists. The ideas of Liberalism in the global economy emerged in 18th- and 19th- century Britain alongside the Industrial Revolution. This liberal outlook offered a new analysis of economic nationalist by arguing that protectionism and restriction of economic activity were actually impoverishing states.

  • The Role Of Capitalism In South Africa

    2067 Words  | 9 Pages

    Marxism refers to the body of ideas first worked out by Karl Marx. These ideas shape a theoretical basis for the struggle of the working class to a higher form of human society (Sewell et al., 2008). Capitalism on the other hand, is the social structure that emerges on the basis of the social relationship between the consumers and the sellers of labour power (Ritzer, 2000). This essay will discuss the preconditions for capitalism, which include: commodities, surplus value and labour power. The contradictions of capitalism such as; alienation, exploitation and the decline in human development and will also be discussed, as well as contemporary examples of these found in South Africa.