Mental retardation Essays

  • The Pros And Cons Of Mental Retardation

    3698 Words  | 15 Pages

    Mental retardation refers to substantial limitations in present functioning. It is characterized by significantly sub average intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with related limitations in two or more of the following applicable adaptive skill areas: communication, self-care, home living, social skills, community use, self-direction, health and safety, functional academics, leisure, and work. Mental retardation manifests before age 18”.Mental retardation is a disability characterized

  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

    996 Words  | 4 Pages

    treatments and is easily prevented. There are varying definitions of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome from many medical sites. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) as, “A highly variable group of birth defects including, mental retardation deficient growth, and malformation of the skull and and face that tend to occur in the offspring of women who consume large amounts of alcohol during pregnancy.” The Mayo Clinic’s definition is, “Fetal alcohol syndrome is a condition in a child

  • Christmas In Purgatory Thesis

    730 Words  | 3 Pages

    Reaction Paper Christmas in Purgatory A Photographic Essay on Mental Retardation EDUC 5333 – Legal Aspects of Special Education Ms. Sharon Cunningham, Instructor R. Stacey Pollard 09/02/2016   Christmas in Purgatory; A Photographic Essay on Mental Retardation was written by Burton Blatt and Fred Kaplan in August 1966. The copy reviewed for this assignment was printed by Human Policy Press, Syracuse, New York in 1974. This photographic essay brings to light the deplorable living conditions

  • Killing Lennie

    834 Words  | 4 Pages

    George is justified in killing Lennie because of his actions caused by his disabilities allowing for a better life. George’s decision on killing Lennie was the right one. Lennie had no judgment on whether or not something was legal because of his mental illness. Although Lennie’s actions could be justified because of his inability to comprehend life, in the state of California, the prison system was brutal to

  • The Other Sister Analysis

    1156 Words  | 5 Pages

    by the characters were timely and in coherent to the common problems found within the society and within a family. The main characters of the film showed shameless and broad peculiarity in its presentation of a peson with mental disabilities, or claimed as mental retardation. The main character of the film is Carla who was acted by Juliette Lewis. Carla Tate, a rich San Francisco girl of 23-24, is a fresh graduate of a training institution school where she has resided for many years because she

  • Angelman Syndrome Research Paper

    708 Words  | 3 Pages

    have puppet like posture. (Rice, 15) In addition to their posture they are very happy and always excited and at times can display a little jerk or two. There is a mild and severe condition of Angelman Syndrome. This disorder can cause severe mental retardation, lack of muscle strength, seizures, learning disabilities, and some none stop smiling. Imagine a child who just stares and smile even when they are sad. This syndrome is caused by a deletion of chromosomes 15, however AS can be inherited through

  • Fragile X Syndrome Analysis

    1320 Words  | 6 Pages

    Fragile X Syndrome and effects on learning and development “Fragile X syndrome is the leading inherited cause of intellectual disability” (Lizbeth H. Finestack, 2009). A single gene mutation on the X chromosome causes the syndrome. It affects about 1 in 4,000 males and 1 in 6,000 to 8,000 females. (Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and, 2006). Fragile X affects all races and ethnicities. Fragile X syndrome varies in in severity. Most children with fragile X have some type of learning disability

  • Lennie Small Character Analysis

    710 Words  | 3 Pages

    John Steinbeck’s character, Lennie Smalls, is not an appropriate factor to be considered when informing and shaping legal outcomes due to his fictional background and lack of modernization. The explicitness of Lennie’s mental disability and his consequences appear less convoluted than those presented by Robert Mackey in “Steinbeck Family Outraged That Texas Judge Cited ‘Of Mice and Men’ in Execution Ruling” and Lane Florsheim in “How Texas Keeps Putting the Intellectually Disabled on Death Row.”

  • Cerebral Palsy Research Paper

    936 Words  | 4 Pages

    1964). In fact, it is attributed to non-progressive disturbances that occur during brain development in foetus or infant. CP disorders are accompanied by various disorders like speech, auditory, visual abnormality, seizure, learning disorder, mental retardation etc. Due to the variation in projection of these disorders, it ultimately changes the needs that arise in the wake of the disorders, thus making understanding the various needs of these patients essential. Third-party disability is defined

  • Essay On Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

    1291 Words  | 6 Pages

    play therapy. It is also suggested that children with the syndrome are given an advocate to help communication between child, family, school, and others (Liles & Packman, 2009). Since Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is “not only the primary cause of mental retardation in the United States, but also the most readily preventable,” then it is obvious that children with this syndrome are at risk (Liles & Packman, 2009). They would benefit from the help of social workers throughout their lives. Most of the interventions

  • Cause Of Intellectual Disability

    1742 Words  | 7 Pages

    Intellectual disability (ID) is also known as mental retardation and is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and it is necessary to have a skills for day-to-day living. People with intellectual disabilities can and do learn new skills, but they learn them more slowly. There are varying degrees of intellectual disability, from mild to profound. Intellectual disability is a disability that occurs before age 18. People with this disability experience significant limitations

  • Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FAS)

    785 Words  | 4 Pages

    Foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is an umbrella term used to characterise the effects from prenatal alcohol exposure. It is believed to be the primary origin of non-genetic mental retardation alongside further neurodevelopment deficits. They vary from mild to severe but the effects of FASD cause permanent birth defects to which there is no known cure. Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), Partial Foetal Alcohol Syndrome(PFAS), Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder(ARND), and also Foetal Alcohol

  • Milestones Child Development

    1623 Words  | 7 Pages

    Health professionals should be constantly and consistently assessing for signs of abnormal development in children of all ages. Babies tend to develop at their own speed, sometimes falling behind in one area or advanced in another. As long as development falls within a normal range, reaching a milestone late is usually not a cause for concern. However, if a baby consistently reaches milestones much later than expected, it should be discussed with that child’s provider. Babies develop in several

  • Flowers For Algernon Essay

    1290 Words  | 6 Pages

    The science fiction novel Flowers for Algernon is narrated with progress reports written by Charlie Gordon. He introduces himself as a mentally disabled 32 year old man working at Donner’s Bakery. His progress reports are used to determine whether or not he will participate in an operation to increase intelligence. The directors of the experiment decide to use Charlie when he completes a series of tests. The surgery proves to be a success and Charlie becomes a genius. After the experiment, Charlie

  • Analysis Of Albert Bandura's Self Efficacy Theory

    1438 Words  | 6 Pages

    a person to succeed if he does not have required skills or does not develop them . Self efficacy is also important in education in order to improve student motivation Salomon (1984) has found that self-efficacy is positively related to self-rated mental effort and achievement during students’ learning from text material that was perceived as difficult. So, firstly its important to convince yourself that you can do it . In an experiment which was developed by Bandura and Schunk

  • The Killings Andre Dubus Analysis

    790 Words  | 4 Pages

    Affairs affect people in different ways, but no one could imagine an affair destroying their ability to psychologically function. The “killings” by Andre Dubus is a shocking story about a killer named Richard who murders frank the man having an affair with his wife, who is his pride and joy. Riveted with murder and passion the author revels the characteristics of Richard Strout’s in the “killings” as a psychological obsessive and controlling person; these traits effect his emotions and behaviors

  • Donald Zinkoff Character Analysis

    1851 Words  | 8 Pages

    5.Characters Donald Zinkoff is the main character of the story, he is six years old at the beginning of the story as he is at First Grade. As this book tells us the evolution of Zinkoff over the years, at the end of the book, he is eleven or twelve years old because he is at sixth grade. In addition, he has a physical problem that makes him vomit unexpectedly. Also, he does not get exceptional marks at school, although he really loves going to school and he is not sensational at sports. As a consequence

  • Internal Factors Of Child Development Essay

    1422 Words  | 6 Pages

    born with deformed limbs, this can then limit them at school with taking part in certain sporting activities. Children with foetal alcohol syndrome may go on to misuse drugs and alcohol, become expelled from school due to poor behaviour or develop mental health problems. Social skills can “Fetal alcohol syndrome is not just a childhood disorder; there is a

  • Direct Characterization Of Charlie In Flowers For Algernon

    558 Words  | 3 Pages

    Charlie Gordon, the main character in the story also a mentally challenged 32 year old, is picked by a group of scientists to have an experimental surgery to boost his intelligence. Mrs. Kinnian, charles teacher at the school for the mentally challenged, recommended Charlie for this procedure because he is determined to do anything to become intelligent. The scientist who will help him along his journey are Dr. strauss and Professor Nemur. They start him off by telling him he has to keep a journal

  • Autistic Observation Paper

    476 Words  | 2 Pages

    Autism is a psychological condition that affects children’s experience with their everlasting difficulties when it comes to social interaction, communication, repetitive behaviors and etc (Frazier at al, 2014). Autism is surrounded by a broad spectrum which affects an individual language and intellectual abilities in a difficult manner (Frazier at al, 2014). Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects six year old children in a range from 60 to 10,000 (Frazier at al, 2014). The researchers stated that