Mitochondrion Essays

  • Similarities Between Photosynthesis And Cellular Respiration

    520 Words  | 3 Pages

    as a result of the reactants. They are carbon dioxide, water, and energy in the form of ATP. Cellular respiration takes place when living things convert glucose into cellular energy. The location of cellular respiration is in the cytoplasm and mitochondrion. The significance of cellular respiration and photosynthesis is they both help living things grow, develop, and stay alive.

  • Fatty Acid Research Paper

    857 Words  | 4 Pages

    A fatty acid contains a long hydrocarbon chain and a carboxylate group. Fatty acid synthesis is a process which only takes place in the cytoplasm of the cell and it consists in producing fatty acids from acetyl-CoA and NADPH. This process requires great amounts of acetyl-CoA, and most of it that is used is formed in mitochondria. The intra-mitochondrial acetyl-CoA initially reacts to form citrate, as the inner mitochondria membrane is impermeable to this compound. Tricarboxylate transport system

  • Polyploidy Advantages And Disadvantages

    1020 Words  | 5 Pages

    Introduction Polyploidy is an inherited condition whereby the organism possesses more than 2 complete sets of chromosomes. It is common amongst plants and some fish and amphibians. Advantages of polyploidy include the fact that they are able to use their genes function in other ways that are not necessarily needed in non-polyploidy organisms which allows them to evolve in many different ways. Another way is by disrupting certain self-incompatibility systems, thereby allowing self-fertilization. However

  • Positive And Negative Effects Of Football Essay

    1005 Words  | 5 Pages

    The Negative things on Football In this day of life there are multiple things in football that you can consider negative. The negative effects in football can either be really dangerous and cause a lot of medical problems or either they can cause you to lose your job, some of the effects may cause really bad injuries to make you unable to play football again. Most effects may not be that big of a deal due to the problems that they have had. These are some negative things in football , Health effects

  • Cellular Respiration Essay Examples

    742 Words  | 3 Pages

    Cellular Respiration: The Soul of Energy On a warm summer day in England, a boy named Ciel was writing letters. After the letters were finished, Ciel went to the kitchen to get a drink of tea. Little did he know, that when he drank the tea a three-staged process called Cellular Respiration was taking place in his body. Cellular Respiration is a process that converts energy, like glucose, into carbon dioxide and water, that is necessary for the functions of life. Cellular Respiration also includes

  • Four Stages Of Cellular Respiration Essay

    568 Words  | 3 Pages

    Four Stages of Cellular Respiration Cellular respiration is one of the metabolic pathways most elegant, solemn and magnificent on the ground. At the same time, it 's also one of the most complicated. When I learned about it for the first time, I felt like I had stumbled and fell tray alphabet soup flavored organic chemistry! Fortunately, cellular respiration is not so scary once you get to know it. In this paper I will look at the cellular respiration to a high standard, and a walk through four

  • Fatty Acids In The Kite Runner

    1840 Words  | 8 Pages

    At the start of the race where the runner is at rest and before commencing running, energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is used to fuel metabolic reactions and functions. Muscle is mostly using fat at rest as an energy source, which is indicated on the great metabolic race graph that approximately 67% of fat and 33% of carbohydrates are used for energy consumption. Fats, which are also called triglycerides, are composed of three monomers of fatty acids attached to the three OH group

  • An Essay On Concussions In Sports

    1138 Words  | 5 Pages

    THE INCREASING NUMBER OF CONCUSSION IN ATHLETES ARE DETRIMENTAL TO THE FUTURE OF SPORTS In the recent years, concussions have become a common accident related to various types of sports around the globe. A concussion is a traumatic injury of the brain, they can also be as a result of a sudden blow on the body. Such a blow may cause the head to jerk back and forth in a rapid motion. This may cause a bounce or twist within the skull, which may over stretch the brain, cause cell damage and alter chemical

  • Dynein Motor Protein Literature Review

    1203 Words  | 5 Pages

    Cell Biology BI309 Mini-Review 1 Title: Dynein Motor Proteins In order for eukaryotic cells to be motile they use motor proteins that are propelled by ATP. There are three classes of motor proteins; myosin, kinesin and dynein. Dynein is the motor protein to be discussed in detail for this review. Dynein is a large and complex motor protein found in microtubules of cilia and flagella that causes movement due to the conversion of Adenosine Triphosphate(ATP) which is a form of chemical energy to mechanical

  • Macromolecules: The Most Important Compounds In Your Body

    489 Words  | 2 Pages

    Macromolecules are the most important compounds in your body. If you didn’t consume the necessary nutrients to make these macromolecules, or were not able to synthesize these macromolecules, you would not be alive. Carbon is the base of all of these macromolecules, and the carbon skeleton is the most important part of the macromolecules, because if carbon did not have such a unique bonding capability, you would not be able to synthesize such complex and diverse molecules. When you eat food, it has

  • Glycogenesis Synthesis

    830 Words  | 4 Pages

    2nd step: The second step consist of the start point of glycogenesis and it’s a reversible reaction which transform the Glucose -6P to Glucose -1P. The enzymes responsible from this reaction is the Phosphoglucomutase. Glucose -6P Glucose -1P The phosphoglucomutase catalyze the reaction by moving a functional group, here it’s a phosphate group. 3rd step: The third step consist to transform the Glucose -1P to UDP-Glucose. The enzyme responsible is UDP-Glucose pyrophosphorylase and this reaction consumes

  • Genetic Engineering Biotechnology Benefits

    2635 Words  | 11 Pages

    Science and technology are the fastest growing industries in the world and will always be. Reason for this is that human beings are constantly seeking ways of making life easier and function efficiently while producing quality work and leading a high standard of living. Much improvement has been seen in the agricultural sector with more genetically modified foods been produced to meet the overwhelming demand for food coming from the rapid growth of the world’s population. This investigation, was

  • Compare And Contrast Cellular Respiration And Photosynthesis

    420 Words  | 2 Pages

    photosynthesis and cellular respiration are extremely important in the cycle of energy to sustain life simply because nutrients would not metabolize in a productive manner. Both have numerous stages in which the process of energy occurs, and relationships with organelles located in the eukaryotic cell. Photosynthesis is a process by which green plant and other organism manufacture their food using sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water while cellular respiration is the oxidation

  • Krebs Cycle And Glycolysis Comparison

    307 Words  | 2 Pages

    Both Krebs cycle and glycolysis are a part of the carbohydrate breakdown. One of the main differences between the Krebs cycle and glycolysis is what they breakdown. Glycolysis breaks glucose into pyruvate. Krebs cycle breaks pyruvate into Acetyl Coenzyme A. When glycolysis breaks glucose (a 6 carbon molecule), it becomes pyruvate (2 molecules) and NADH (2 molecules). The Krebs cycle breaks the pyruvate from the glycolysis which becomes ATP. Another difference is how many ATP they each produce. Glycolysis

  • Soccer Energy System

    272 Words  | 2 Pages

    2. There are three major systems available for the production of energy in the muscles: the ATP-PC system for high-intensity short bursts; the anaerobic glycolysis system for intermediate bursts of high intensity (this system is more commonly known as the Lactic Acid system) and there is the aerobic system for long efforts of low to moderate intensity. The body utilises different energy systems for different activities, depending on the duration and intensity. The lactic acid system is an anaerobic

  • Research Paper On Mitochondria

    1193 Words  | 5 Pages

    The mitochondrion is one of the most important organelles in eukaryotic cells. Widely referred to as the 'Powerhouse of the Cell', they are a feature present in all types of eukaryotic organisms including chloroplasts (only present in plants and algae). They are membrane enclosed organelles that consist of a smooth outer double membrane structure, the mitochondrial matrix and the narrow intermembrane space. Inside the mitochondria there are many folds called cristae. The outer membrane has many

  • The Mitochondria

    1387 Words  | 6 Pages

    What is a mitochondrion and what significance does it hold for the basis of molecular biology? To put it simply, a mitochondrion is and organelle commonly found in large numbers in the majority of cells. The Mitochondrion is responsible for biochemical processes such as, respiration, oxidative phosphorylation and ATP synthesis. Thus, the Mitochondrion, or mitochondria accountable, are known as ‘ATP factories’ or ‘the powerhouse’ of the cell. It is obvious as to why mitochondria were studied in

  • Eukaryotic Theory: The Endosymbiotic Hypothesis

    807 Words  | 4 Pages

    bacterial homolog, a process known as endosymbiotic gene replacement. In a next evolutionary stage, transferred genes acquired sequences encoding targeting signals (e.g., via exon shuffling) that allowed their protein products to be imported into the mitochondrion or the primary plastid. Most proteins targeted to mitochondria and primary plastids carry N-terminal transit peptides that are later removed in the organelle matrix. Mitochondria and primary plastids are surrounded by two membranes. Consequently

  • Arginase Lab Report

    1437 Words  | 6 Pages

    INTRODUCTION: Arginase is an enzyme- enzymes are biological catalyst which drives a reaction at the speed of life. Arginase is a hydrolase, hydrolases catalyze hydrolysis reactions, this is determined via the E.C number (Nelson and Cox 2008). Arginase has the EC number is 3.5.3.1 (Schomburg 2015). The enzyme ‘commission number’ is the arithmetical classification that is used for enzymes which indicates the chemical reaction they catalyze. EC 3 are hydrolases, which forms two products from the substrate

  • Maternal Inheritance Essay

    1755 Words  | 8 Pages

    INTRODUCTION:- Several experiments have shown the presence of the genes on chromosomes inside the nucleus. These genes inside nucleus control the phenotypes of the organisms and are transmitted from one generation to next generation. This hereditary transmission is known as Mendelian Inheritance. The nuclear genes are inherited from male and female parents in equal proportions and contribute equally to the genetic constitution of the offspring. However, some inheritance patterns have been observed