There are not many people who have changed the course of history for their country and brought a new hope and dynasty to them in short years of rule. Julius Caesar helped form the First Triumvirate and worked his way up to dictatorship. He brought greatness to the civilization of Rome and gave the people a leader that they would go on to love and be remembered forever. He was a great leader of the Roman Republic who innovated to the Roman Empire by greatly capturing other lands and spreading the culture there establishing its imperial system. Julius Caesar was born to Gaius Caesar and Aurelia Cotta on July 12, 100 BC in Rome.
Ancient Rome is known to be a powerful and well put together civilization that was somewhat meeting the common good. The reason that Ancient Rome was a successful city was because they had a republic. A republic is a democracy where the people of Rome get to choose their leaders. The city had a huge population with a strong government. They had the five meanings of government which were provide public services, protect rights, promote rule of law, prepare for a common defense, and support the economic system.
The Legacy of the Roman Empire The ancient Roman saying states: All roads lead to Rome! And this was true, in this essay I will show what great achievements and inventions happened during the plus minus 500 years from 27 Before Common Era, to 476 Common Era, in the Roman Empire and argue how these achievements and inventions still have influences in our everyday life and the modern world we live in today. Of course the Roman Empire consisted of more than just Roads, the Roman legislative system, their customs and traditions, religions, social structure, political system, art, architecture, writing, philosophy, citizenship, language use and military advancements held their Empire and their citizens together. I will reflect and show, how some of these tools the Romans used almost 2000 years ago, still live on through us today.
Julius Caesar was born in Rome on July 12 or 13, 100 BC. In 84 BC, Julius Caesar married Cornelia, the daughter of a nobleman. Together they had a daughter, Julia Caesaris, in 76 BC. In 69 BC, Cornelia passed away. Julius Caesar was a politically adept and popular leader of the Roman Republic who significantly transformed what became known as the Roman Empire by greatly expanding its geographic reach and establishing its imperial system.
Hasanzade Ismayil instructor: Peter Tuner Ancient and Medieval History 10.18.2015 What was Romanization and How did it happen?
Catherine the Great Catherine the Great was an absolute ruler who, inspired by the philosophy of reasoning and logical thought in Europe regarded as the Enlightenment period in the 18th century, implemented policies and principles that reflected these ideas and hence was undoubtedly an Enlightened ruler to a significant extent. She was particularly aligned with the ideas of philosophes Voltaire, Montesquieu and Beccaria, and introduced Western influences as well as Enlightened concepts that were the necessary foundations of the modernisation of Russia. Catherine’s reformation of the educational system proved to be a wise decision as she opened it to all classes and both men and women, hence reinforcing her status as an Enlightened ruler. Moreover,
As most civilizations, Classical Roman cities’ “defense potential, adequate water supply and economic potential were the most important factors in deciding on the sites” of the cities (Cilliers). At the peak of Rome’s population, over one million in the 5th century BC, Rome adopted a grid system that had divided the town into blocks, with buildings in the center and a wall which had encircled the city (Harl). It was here where there were “aqueducts to supply water, temples, markets, theaters and amphitheaters, public baths, and playing fields” (Macaulay). To the Roman Empire, cities were the building blocks of the empire, the centers of trade and commerce. Rome continued to develop and improve the city’s structures, history begins to see just how the Classical Roman city planning helped contribute to its social and societal structures.
Lasting 500 years with the republic and roughly a thousand and five hundred more with the Roman empire, the Roman Army was an extremely effective fighting force. Creating new tactics, some still used to this day, the ancient Romans were able to conquer most of Europe, northern sections of Africa and parts of the Middle East. With a complex chain of command, adaptability, formations and equipment, the Roman armies were the best for their time. In the beginning of the first Roman army, the Romans followed the Greek Phalanx formation, a rectangular formation made up of heavy infantry units.
Ancient Rome was a huge empire that ruled over the Mediterranean. Rome gave many gifts to other civilizations, for instance, the way the Colosseum was built was introduced to other civilizations. The Roman republic was somewhat meeting the common good. Common good meaning everyone was being affected in a good way. If I had to give Rome a grade it would be an A minus.
Colosseum Architecture Arthur Erickson once said, “Roman civilization had achieved, within the bounds of its technology, relatively as great a mastery of time and space as we have achieved today.” That notion is certainly apparent once one takes a glimpse at the Colosseum in Rome, Italy. The Colosseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheater, is placed in the heart of the city. Only fitting, because with its divinity in architecture one can truly see how much this monument represented Roman culture during its time.
It is true that the Roman military power made Latin a lingua franca to a certain limit. As J.N Adam (2013) and Bruno Rochette (2014) suggest in their writings (2013), Latin language, started to spread from the city center (Rome) to the provinces, because of its high status among local elites within Italy and nearby provinces. As the Roman Empire started to grow so did its influence in legal and political matters. Any military or official legal matters were to be conducted in Latin. As such to enforce their presence the Romans used the army, as their prime instrument to strengthen the Roman Empire.
Alexander the Great Alexander the Great was an ancient Macedonian ruler and considered one of history’s greatest military minds who—as King of Macedonia and Persia—amassed the largest empire the ancient world had ever seen. By turns charismatic, ruthless, brilliant, power hungry, diplomatic and bloodthirsty, Alexander inspired such loyalty in his men they followed him anywhere and, if necessary, died in the process. Though Alexander the Great died before realizing his dream of uniting a new realm, his influence on Greek and Asian culture was so profound it inspired a new historical era—the Hellenistic Period. Alexander the Great was born in Pella, Macedonia, in 356 B.C. to King Philip II and Queen Olympias.
The U.S. republican polity has absorbed the concept of Athenian democracy and safeguarded the "people's" participation, trust, and restriction of the government. It is intended to pursue "the greatest happiness of all citizens. " It used the representation system to reform Rome's citizen conference, making it an "indirect democracy" agency of "consignment-agent. " It borrows from the strengths of the monarchy, strengthens the function and role of the executive power, and gives it to a single person to exercise. At the same time, the founding members of the United States have also drawn lessons from the theory and system of decentralization in past generations and transformed them into a composite decentralization and checks and balances system
Jewels Diaks Greek and Roman Architecture Research Paper Mr. Colesanti Pd:1 Ancient Greece had a major influence on the ideas and creations that came about to influence the designs of the Roman art and architecture. Ancient Greece or the time period before the classical age, between 800 B.C. and 500 B.C was also once referenced as a strongly sophisticated period in world history. When Ancient Greece had advances in art, poetry and technology. During the “Greek Dark Ages” people were scattered throughout Greece in small farming villages.
In ancient history, the Roman Empire was considered very strong. The empire worn many battles at war, its system of governance was highly organized compared to other nations and it had a stronger economy. For this reason, many nations looked up on Rome and worked had to emulate the empire. Napoleon Bonaparte, as the first emperor of France, also wanted to emulate the leadership of Rome. He therefore performed his duties like the Roman emperors, so as to make France strong in battles and also highly organized in its governance ("Napoleon Bonaparte - Facts & Summary - HISTORY.com," n.d.).
HIST 1421 Unit 5 Written Assignment University of the People Introduction In the beginning Rome and Carthage coexisted, but expansionist ambitions of both states lead inevitably first to competition, and eventually to war. (Morey, 1901) This paper will explore how very similar Carthage and Rome were in many regards. Each had its strengths, and used these strengths in quite remarkable ways to gain advantage over the other.
Hammurabi, who was a king of the “old Babylonian empire”(Jona Lendering, 2004), ruled from 1792 BCE to 1750 BCE for forty-two years and accomplished a great riverine civilization such that no other king had done to the extent of its mastery. The city of Babylon which is located in Mesopotamia is known as “modern day” Iraq which lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. These rivers helped in creating rich and fertile soil which allowed humans to plant and grow crops in which they needed to survive. Through trade, humans could communicate with one another and grasp on to new ideas. As a result of the rivers, civilization began to flourish outstandingly.
The Romans. The name itself has come to mean power, to mean ferocity, prosperity, and most importantly, incredible discipline. From the defeat of Carthage in 146 BC to the collapse of the Roman Empire, Rome managed to conquer costal Northern Africa and almost all of Western Europe. Rome was seeded by a huddle of united tribes with a purpose, and in the end, the overwhelming size of the empire was a participating factor in its eventual downfall. However, throughout it’s glorious reign, the Romans managed to control a society of some 50 million while building the most advanced civilisation of the ancient world.
1. INTRODUCTION According to Sporre (1989: 92), the word Hellenistic is derived from the word ‘Hellene’, which means an ancient Greek. Sporre (1989: 92), also argues that during the Hellenistic period, the Greek had influenced the world with their artistic style and it became internationally known. Regardless, art in the Hellenistic period has its own identity and is classified as its own style and movement.