The end of the eighth century gave birth to a new kingdom that was known as the Carolingian Empire. This empire came to dominate vast European territories much to the credit of its powerful ruler, Charlemagne. “He created an empire that stretched from the North Sea in the north to Italy in the south and from France in Europe to Vienna in central Europe” (Spielvogel 219). His reign led to the fusion of different entities including, the Germanic tribes, Christianity and the Classical traditions of European civilization. Charlemagne himself was of Germanic heredity, but was born and raised a devoted, practicing Christian.
There are not many people who have changed the course of history for their country and brought a new hope and dynasty to them in short years of rule. Julius Caesar helped form the First Triumvirate and worked his way up to dictatorship. He brought greatness to the civilization of Rome and gave the people a leader that they would go on to love and be remembered forever. He was a great leader of the Roman Republic who innovated to the Roman Empire by greatly capturing other lands and spreading the culture there establishing its imperial system. Julius Caesar was born to Gaius Caesar and Aurelia Cotta on July 12, 100 BC in Rome.
Ancient Rome is known to be a powerful and well put together civilization that was somewhat meeting the common good. The reason that Ancient Rome was a successful city was because they had a republic. A republic is a democracy where the people of Rome get to choose their leaders. The city had a huge population with a strong government. They had the five meanings of government which were provide public services, protect rights, promote rule of law, prepare for a common defense, and support the economic system.
The civilization of Ancient Rome thrived from the sixth century before Christ to the fifth century AD. The empire was the empire to overcome most of the Mediterranean Sea basin, the primary being the traditional Greeks. when usurping the previous Greek Empire, the Romans assimilated several aspects of Greek culture into their own, together with the Greek architecture. the most attributions to Ancient Greco-Roman architecture area unit cement, the arch, the vault, the dome and centralized road systems.
The Patricians were a formidable and prosperous class during the era of Ancient Rome. According to PBS’s article on Patricians , the word “patrician” is derived from the Latin word “patres”, meaning “fathers”, in reference to the founding fathers of Ancient Rome, and hence they were in-charge of the empire’s politics, religion, and military. The patricians were one of the first clans who occupied the seven hills and played a key role in advising the first kings. The Patricians and their families composed 5%-10% of the population during the imperial period, and often had slaves under their command. Patrician men lived very luxurious lives as they often treated themselves with rich, substantial banquets and dwelled in villas.
The Roman Empire was essentially a modern empire with a number of main characteristics that allowed it to continue to be succsseful over many centuries. Their emperor was regarded as a deity if he was good and Rome prospered during his rule. The Romans had a strong army that was led well. It had laws for all it 's citizens and was goverened by the Principate. The Roman Empire was highly literate and this allowed it to communicate with people and have a good economy.
The republican ruled for hundreds of years from around 509 BC to 45 BC. Rome was a first grew as a republic which means the Romans leader such as senators were elected officials that served a certain amount of
His contributions can be seen as the foundation for the Roman Empire’s golden years as he transformed the
He wanted to be remembered in a positive manner, so only things that can be seen as accomplishments were placed on the Res Gestae. He never included anything that would make him look bad, for obvious reasons. This means that anything that happened during Augustus' reign that he did want to be included, was not included. We only see his reign from his own perspective. Although all of these things he listed were probably true, they only show one side of him.
It is closely related to developments of writing, counting and money and ancient auditing systems by the primitive Egyptians and Babylonians (Keith, 1992). Five thousand years before Luca Pacioli invented the double entry system, the Assyrian, Chaldean-Babylonian and Sumerian civilizations were flourishing in the Mesopotamian Valley, producing some of the oldest known records of commerce. In the region between the Tigris and Euphrates River, periodic floods made the valley a rich area for agriculture (Alexander, 2002). As the prosperity of the farmers increased, business that provided services and small industries sprung up and developed in the communities in and around the Mesopotamian Valley. The cities of Babylon and Nineveh became the centers for regional trade, and Babylonian language became the language of business and politics throughout the Near East.
Orientalizing Period in Greece started in 700BCE and ended in 600BCE. This marked the start of Greek architecture due to the huge influx of trade which brought in new ideas from Egypt and NE. “Greeks attributed almost all of the great achievements to Daedalus-master of all arts Daedalic style.” Also trade brought Greeks into direct contact with monumental stone architecture. Greeks began to visit Egypt regularly, and as they observed the stone buildings they realized the genesis of the Egyptians development of monumental architecture and sculpture.
The Legacy of the Roman Empire The ancient Roman saying states: All roads lead to Rome! And this was true, in this essay I will show what great achievements and inventions happened during the plus minus 500 years from 27 Before Common Era, to 476 Common Era, in the Roman Empire and argue how these achievements and inventions still have influences in our everyday life and the modern world we live in today. Of course the Roman Empire consisted of more than just Roads, the Roman legislative system, their customs and traditions, religions, social structure, political system, art, architecture, writing, philosophy, citizenship, language use and military advancements held their Empire and their citizens together. I will reflect and show, how some of these tools the Romans used almost 2000 years ago, still live on through us today.
Julius Caesar was born in Rome on July 12 or 13, 100 BC. In 84 BC, Julius Caesar married Cornelia, the daughter of a nobleman. Together they had a daughter, Julia Caesaris, in 76 BC. In 69 BC, Cornelia passed away. Julius Caesar was a politically adept and popular leader of the Roman Republic who significantly transformed what became known as the Roman Empire by greatly expanding its geographic reach and establishing its imperial system.
One of the most important areas of Silk Road was Indian Ocean. It was important because of very busy trade between Egypt and India, and also development of maritime trade. Silk Road was also important because it made bound between Asian cultures. Buddhists from India took their religion all the way to the China in 100 year a.c. where it was adopted very good. Many Chinese explorers, diplomats, monks and historians went to neighborhood countries to fortify relations between countries.
Hasanzade Ismayil instructor: Peter Tuner Ancient and Medieval History 10.18.2015 What was Romanization and How did it happen?
In 1775, she decreed a Statue for the Administration of the Provinces of the Russian Empire, and this divided Russia into provinces and districts in accordance with population statistics. Each province was provided with administrative, political and judicial systems, as well as a governor who would act in place of the empress. Her decisions proved undeniably beneficial to the government by adding depth into its structure, and by the end of her reign, 50 provinces and nearly 500 districts had been established, the number of government officials had almost doubled, and spending on local governance had increased sixfold. A letter by a French diplomat, Baron de Breteuil, reveals that she “will endeavour to reform the administration of justice and to invigorate the laws”, thus reiterating her dissemination of Enlightened ideas and her consideration of reason and critical thinking in order to determine the most pragmatic approaches to bettering the Russian government. Furthermore, due to a deficiency of silver and copper coins from large government spending, she established the first Assignation Bank of Russia in 1769 in order to strengthen the Russian economy.
Ancient Rome was a huge empire that ruled over the Mediterranean. Rome gave many gifts to other civilizations, for instance, the way the Colosseum was built was introduced to other civilizations. The Roman republic was somewhat meeting the common good. Common good meaning everyone was being affected in a good way. If I had to give Rome a grade it would be an A minus.
Lasting 500 years with the republic and roughly a thousand and five hundred more with the Roman empire, the Roman Army was an extremely effective fighting force. Creating new tactics, some still used to this day, the ancient Romans were able to conquer most of Europe, northern sections of Africa and parts of the Middle East. With a complex chain of command, adaptability, formations and equipment, the Roman armies were the best for their time. In the beginning of the first Roman army, the Romans followed the Greek Phalanx formation, a rectangular formation made up of heavy infantry units.
Colosseum Architecture Arthur Erickson once said, “Roman civilization had achieved, within the bounds of its technology, relatively as great a mastery of time and space as we have achieved today.” That notion is certainly apparent once one takes a glimpse at the Colosseum in Rome, Italy. The Colosseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheater, is placed in the heart of the city. Only fitting, because with its divinity in architecture one can truly see how much this monument represented Roman culture during its time.