Pneumothorax Essays

  • Essay On Tracheostomy

    709 Words  | 3 Pages

    Tracheostomy is a procedure, in which an opening is created through the neck into the windpipe also known as the trachea to enable breathing and to open blocked airways. The purpose of tracheostomy is to improve alveolar ventilation in case of respiratory inadequacy, to create an alternative pathway for breathing, or to protect the airways by using a cuffed tube. This also allows for the air to enter the lungs therefore, the breathing is done through the tube. When a patient has tracheostomy they

  • Critically Ill Patient Analysis Framework

    890 Words  | 4 Pages

    1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENT Care of critically ill patient in the ward is a challenging process especially in the low resource countries. This is due to deficiency/ inadequate specialized or competent skilled personnels and absence of monitoring of patients closely. As the nurses are in constant contact with patients, they are in prime position to identifying problems at an early stage with the use of systematic patient assessment According to the standard of care, systematic assessment framework is

  • Pneumothorax Research Paper

    1128 Words  | 5 Pages

    ABSTRACT A pneumothorax is a life threatening disease that results in a restrictive lung disorder. This condition is associated with atelectasis, chest wall expansion, and a decrease in cardiac venous return. Often caused by smoking, a pneumothorax can be detected from pulmonary function testings, arterial blood gas interpretations, and chest radiological findings. While some mild cases can resolve on their own, there is a current treatment process and protocols for managing symptoms brought with

  • Essay On Closed Pneumothorax

    486 Words  | 2 Pages

    Tension Pneumothorax happens when the air has become trapped between the lungs and the rib cage, which is called the pleural space. As the pleural space fills the lungs it not able to expand which causes the lung to collapse. After the lung collapses the air from one side begins to push to the functioning lung causing the working lung to function harder than usual. The pleural space can obtain oxygen through either a closed pneumothorax or through an open pneumothorax. Tension pneumothorax occurs

  • Pneumothorax Case Study

    1007 Words  | 5 Pages

    2 Lung expansion with pleural thickening/fibrosis 20 3 Chronic pneumothorax referred to thoracic surgery 6 4 Absconded 5 5 Expired 0 Discussion: Pneumothorax is an abnormal collection of air in the pleural space that causes an uncoupling of the lung from the chest wall; pneumothorax interferes with normal breathing. Symptoms typically include chest pain and breathing difficulty leading to a collapsed lung. A primary pneumothorax is one that occurs without an apparent cause and in the absence

  • Post Pneumothorax Observation

    754 Words  | 4 Pages

    BIOPSY OBSERVATION No specific monitoring is required following an uncomplicated biopsy procedure. Most complications are known to occur within one hour of the procedure, therefore patient was kept in the hospital for at least one hour or longer if pneumothorax occurred. Chest radiographs are reviewed by radiologist. Patient kept in supervised area so that staff could be alerted if they develop shortness of breath, chest pain or other symptoms within first hour. If complications had developed, the clinical

  • Subcutaneous Emphysema Case Study

    900 Words  | 4 Pages

    due to alveolar rupture and leak of air from the pneumothorax, rest are due to Macklin effect. CT scan is the primary imaging modality to detect pneumomediasinum at an earlier stage that can be life threatening. We present here a case of 45 years old male with alleged history of road traffic accident with fracture first rib who developed pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium and subcutaneous emphysema due to Macklin effect without associated pneumothorax which resolved spontaneously on conservative management

  • Pediatric Trauma Essay

    1152 Words  | 5 Pages

    Stabilization and Resuscitation of the Pediatric Trauma Patient 1. Discuss pediatric trauma mechanisms. The mechanisms of injury with pediatric trauma, in general, is something called prime middle death distribution from ATLS or ITLS which helps us classify injuries into the events that may happen or any interventions that may occur based on life. The first peak if we look at the aggregation of the data where death occurs is immediate and these are un-survivable injuries that occur at the time of

  • Hemopneumothorax Research Paper

    1482 Words  | 6 Pages

    A hemopneumothorax is a pneumothorax with bleeding in the pleural space (Coker, Aehlert and Vroman, 2011). The mechanism of injury for a hemopneumothorax is usually due to penetrating trauma. The open wound then allows for air to seep into the pleural space which then develops into a pneumothorax. The hemothorax is caused by the build-up of blood in the pleural cavity as a product of the bleeding originating from damaged blood vessels, lung and chest wall components or injury to the heart and great

  • Autonomic Nervous System Case Study

    1462 Words  | 6 Pages

    Introduction This document illustrates answers to questions posted as a case study where a patient suffers from two arrow wounds. One running anteriorly between the 7th and 8th ribs at a 15-degree angle through the head protruding posteriorly, and another in the posterior cervical triangle. Solution to Question 1a. The first arrow goes through various serosal cavities. Mainly injuring the thoracic cavity, pleural cavity, parietal and visceral cavity, and the pericardial cavity. The two pleural

  • Central Venous Catheter (CVC)

    1365 Words  | 6 Pages

    venous access in critically ill patients. Despite its benefits, central venous catheters have drawbacks as well. Insertion of central venous catheters can be associated with mechanical complications like arterial puncture, hematoma formation and pneumothorax and hemothorax. Late complications include catheter related bloodstream infection and catheter related local infection. Earlier

  • Essay On Ultrasound Tomography

    956 Words  | 4 Pages

    Role of thoracic ultrasound in diagnosis of pulmonary and pleural diseases in critically ill patients Introduction: Traditionally, lung imaging in critically ill patients is usually performed either by bedside chest radiography (CXR) or thoracic computed tomography (CT), but both techniques have limitations which constrain their usefulness. Although thoracic CT is the gold standard for lung imaging, it is expensive and cannot be performed on a routine basis as the transportation of critically

  • Meconium Aspiration Syndrome

    1271 Words  | 6 Pages

    Perinatal death, especially one that is sudden, is an emotionally traumatic experience for everyone involved and should not be taken lightly. The perinatal period is defined as the period that commences after 22 completed weeks of gestation, which ends seven completed days after birth. Perinatal death is also known as stillbirth, and globally, more than 2 million stillbirths occur each year 12. One cause of perinatal death is meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). Meconium, known colloquially

  • Meconium Aspiration Syndrome Case Report

    792 Words  | 4 Pages

    aspiration syndrome. Antibiotics are not needed unless there are signs of sepsis. We do not recommend acyclovir or naloxone. Early management is necessary for prevention of complications as these patients are prone to meningitis, early death , pneumothorax, deafness and autism. Keywords: : meconium aspiration syndrome- suction and intubation – antibiotics and acyclovir – complications – thyroid function

  • Nub 440 Week 2 Assignment

    396 Words  | 2 Pages

    I took the Kaplan Integrated test for NUB 440(Medical Surgical) and these were the remediation topics that emerged from the questions I answered incorrectly: multiple sclerosis, lidocaine, peritoneal dialysis, Parkinson’s disease, hip fracture, pneumothorax, prednisone, type 2 diabetes, detached retina, buck’s traction, closed head injury, transesophageal echocardiogram, benign prostatic hypertrophy, cystic fibrosis, glomerulonephritis, cardiac dysrhythmias, thyroidectomy, pressure ulcer, intracranial

  • Pacemaker Reaction Paper

    1148 Words  | 5 Pages

    device. A total of 1,286 were made over the period, with 94 complications. Displacement of the leads was the most common factor comprising of 39 cases, pneumothorax in 30 cases, 19 patients suffered from infections with another three patients suffering from perforations. The rate of infection is very low compared to lead displacement and pneumothorax, reflecting that the acces is made via the subclavian vein. This data has been selected from a high volume district general hospital in the UK (Richard

  • Sleeping Disorders Research Paper

    1398 Words  | 6 Pages

    thermal burn injury, osteomyelitis, carbon monoxide poising, delayed radiation injury, intracranial abscess, and soft tissue infections. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy can be contraindicated is some cases. The only absolute contraindication is untreated pneumothorax. Other relative contraindications include, chronic sinusitis and upper respiratory infections, seizures, emphysema, CO2 intoxication, uncontrolled high fever, thoracic surgery, ear surgery, significant pulmonary obstructive disease such as asthma

  • Epidural Anesthesia Essay

    623 Words  | 3 Pages

    The International Association for the Study of Pain 's widely used definition states: "Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage."1 Pain after orthopedic surgery is usually very intense. Managing pain after upper limb procedures poses a great challenge to both anesthesiologists and orthopedic surgeons. To counter this and improve analgesia and facilitate mobilization, regional anesthesia can be made

  • Catheter Lab Report

    1678 Words  | 7 Pages

    Pulmonary Artery Pressure Monitoring This monitors the pressures in the right side of the heart and indirectly measures the left side of the heart. This is the most invasive catheter used in critical care, and routine use of the pulmonary artery (PA) catheter is controversial; it can assess many hemodynamic parameters such as PA systolic and diastolic, pulmonary MAP, pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP), and cardiac output. Cardiac output is used to calculate other parameters such as cardiac index

  • Pneumonia Case Study Solution

    1624 Words  | 7 Pages

    Abstract Pneumonia Introduction: I will not be looking too deep into this severe case of Community Acquired Pneumonia. My objectives in this case study will basically be to determine whether hospital admission for intravenous antibiotics are necessary. This will be done by using clinical scores and other in-hospital diagnostic criteria to determine prognosis and severity. The relevance to this case study with be treatment regime and a ventilator strategy you may not have heard of. Case study: 67