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    Cryptography is a technique or method to secure personal data from unauthorized user. In cryptography two types of operation are performed. (i) Encryption and (ii) Decryption. To encrypt and decrypt data a secret key is used. After encryption original data is converted into another format known as cyphertext, which is not easy to understand. In the present era everyone needs fast processing and less space required to store results in computation process as well as security of information. There are

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    The so-called fully homomorphic encryption is considered the Holy Grail of Cryptography. Addition and multiplication are the main building blocks of computers, and the ability to make calculations on encrypted data without decrypting it, would lead to a whole new level of security. So, a company, for example, could send an encrypted database to a cloud computing provider, which would work on that data without decrypting it. If a customer wanted then to perform a search on their personal database

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    the receiver. It is used in digital signatures the hash is encrypted using sender’s private key and then encrypted using public key and sent to the receiver and the receiver decrypts the message using the private key. It is used in password storage A good system does not store the plaintext equivalent but store something else which include some randomness .so now if we use hash and because of its onewayness it is impossible to get back the password. If we use pure hash in the password and encrypt

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    form, difficult to be guessed by eavesdropper, Steganography on the other hand hides the secret data into carrier medium in such a way that its detection is prevented. Steganography is not a replacement of cryptography but can supplement it to produce good results. It is observed

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    steganography. Steganography is a secret communication method for hiding data in some digital media such as images, audio etc. Hiding secret data using audio files as carrier is known as “Audio Steganography”. Moreover, MP3 files being more popular can be good message carriers. With the advancement in digital audio media, many audio steganography

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    Cryptocurrency Cryptocurrency is a digital currency and since the invention of Bitcoin there have been numerous other cryptocurrencies that have entered the Market. It is a currency that uses encryption technology which secures peer to peer transactions and which is generally free. Cryptocurrencies are very similar to fiat currencies because they too have no value attached to them. The only difference being that most the time cryptocurrencies are not controlled by any government or country. the

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    need to send an encrypted message to someone else, we first obtain the person’s public encryption key and transform the message with it. Only the recipient knows the corresponding private key. The recipient can decrypt the message. This is how the privacy is provided using

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    Nt1310 Unit 3 Lab 7.1

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    7.7.1 Data Owners 1. One whose going to access files, one who owns file, who requires his data to be secure. 2. Data owners are responsible for encrypting the data by generating private key. MMCOE, Department of Computer Engineering, 2015-2016 26 Regeneration of code based cloud storage 3. Data/File is encrypted using AES Algorithm. 4. Data owner sends data/file to TPA and takes help of TPA. 5. Data owner is provided with log window to see how TPA is working and get report of the same. 6. Data owner

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    Nt1310 Final Exam

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    a) Encryption b) Data mining c) Internet Security d) Decryption Answer:a 2. Which key is used to access the encrypted message? a) Encryption key b) Decryption key c) Primary key d) Foreign key Answer:b 3. Which of the following is a property of good encryption technique? a) Relatively simple for authorized users to encrypt and decrypt data b) Decryption key is extremely difficult for an intruder to determine c) Encryption depends on a parameter of the algorithm called the encryption key d) None

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    Steganography Analysis

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    JPEG IMAGE STEGANALYSIS USING MACHINE LEARNING Abstract—This project deals with detection of steganography content. Steganography is the additional method in cryptography which helps to hide the coded message inside pictures, audio or videos. To hide the message is important but to reveal such content is more important to avoid usage by criminals. This project applies an approach of supervised machine learning to detect the presence of steganographic content coded by programs like Steghide in the

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    securing information, cryptanalysis is the study of examining and breaking secure correspondence. Established cryptanalysis includes a fascinating mix of systematic thinking, use of numerical instruments, example discovering, tolerance, determination, and good fortune. Cryptanalysts are likewise called assailants. Cryptology grasps both cryptography and cryptanalysis. Solid cryptography "There are two sorts of cryptography

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    Abstract : Steganography is the methodology in science that involves communicating secret data in an appropriate multimedia carrier for e.g. video, audio and image files. Audio steganography hides data in a audio signal which is a cover signal without any modification in that cover signal. Generally, Steganography concept is confused with other technique such as cryptography and watermarking, but objectives such as imperceptibility, capacity of hidden data and robustness draws thin line between them

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    Cryptography is one of widely used technique of secret writing which is the term used for data and information security and protects that information from various attacks. Cryptography is the process of converting a known text or plaintext into a human unreadable format called cipher text by encoding the original message using some encoding technique. Security is concerned with the protection of the network and data transmission over the network. Data Security is the most essential aspect of secure

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    What is blockchain Technology? In general, the blockchain is part of an incorruptible distributed ledger that can be programmed to record financial transactions or virtually anything of value. The blockchain is the underlying technology upon which cryptocurrencies run on. Each member of the network has the original record on their computer and can view all entries and record new ones. Transactions are put into blocks, recorded one after the other to form a chain of blocks (the 'blockchain'). The

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    Ever since there has been valuable information there has been someone trying to access it. {for the introduction you can write about why data storage encryption is important. http://www.computerweekly.com/feature/Encryption-techniques-and-products-for-hardware-based-data-storage-security might help} Encryption is the process of encoding a message so that it can only be read by the sender and the intended recipient. When electronic data is encrypted it is converted into another form called cipher

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    Nt1330 Unit 1 Test Paper

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    \section{Building Blocks} \subsection{Access Structures} \textbf{Definition 3.8.}(Access Structure\citeup{beimel1996secure}) \emph{Let $\{P_1, P_2,...,P_n\}$ be a set of parties. A collection $\mathbb{A}\subseteq 2^{\{P_1,P_2,...,P_n\}}$ is monotone if $B\in\mathbb{A}$ and $B\subseteq C$ implies $C\in\mathbb{A}$. An access structure is a monotone collection $\mathbb{A}$ of non-empty subsets of $\{P_1,P_2,...,P_n\}$, i.e., $\mathbb{A}\subseteq 2^{\{P_1,P_2,...,P_n\}} \setminus\{\emptyset\}$. The

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    Apple – One of the main ethical dilemmas faced by Apple is about safeguarding the privacy of their customers or complying with the government to assist them with investigations which may be for the betterment of the whole country. Apple has introduced operating systems with default full-disk encryptions since iOS 8, to protect its user’s privacy and security. However, the FBI believes that encryption is merely a marketing strategy that will attract criminals at the cost of country’s safety. Since

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    NSA Surveillance "I can 't in good conscience allow the U.S. government to destroy privacy, internet freedom and basic liberties for people around the world with this massive surveillance machine they 're secretly building" (Edward Snowden). The NSA began monitoring and collecting sensitive and personal information from Americans such as their emails, phone calls, photos and other private material. Massive surveillance began in 2001 after the terrorist attack in New York and since then there has

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    accessible to nearly 357 million people globally, there is an abundant amount of users that abuse the purpose and privilege of the internet. Many people believe that the increase in online regulations violates the First Amendment and the right to privacy. However, with more internet regulations and censorships, there will be a decrease in internet exploitation and a safer medium for citizens to use. Increasing the amount of internet regulations and censorships will impact many aspects of society;

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    Levi Magnus For: Ruth Lowe-Walker Word Count: 25 February 2018 The Ethics of Digital Piracy Most people would agree that illegally downloading a book online to avoid paying for it is unethical, but what if you have already purchased a physical copy of the book? Does that entitle you to a pirated copy of the book so that you can also read it on your tablet or e-reader? I will argue that even if you have purchased the physical copy of a book, downloading the book illegally for viewing on your digital

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