Who am I? I am Quentina Burnett and I have been developed by socialization, to be able to fit within the society. Socialization is the process where an individual learns behavior, values, culture, and norms of the society to develop his or her personality to become a proficient person in the society (Keirns et al., 2016). This process starts in the early stage of a baby, to an adult, and continues until the individual dies. The process of socialization gives people and myself the basic social contact and social interaction needed to develop “self”.
DESCRIPTION OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY: Child psychology is a branch in mainstream psychology that focuses and works on the psychological issues of infants, toddlers and young adults within their social context. It pays special importance to the basic social and psychological needs of the adolescents and brings into consideration factors that affect them such as family, school, relatives etc. A main feature of child psychology is to understand the cognitive development, adaptation to social settings and health status of children and adolescents. SKILLS AND PROCEDURES UTILISED: Clinical child psychology employs a wide range of procedures and skills addressing the population of infants, toddlers, children and adolescents. Essential skills and procedures include: A child psychologist uses the technique of assessment which is to evaluate the psychosocial, cognitive, intellectual capacity of the child.
Proximity: I was observing two people who were sitting in a booth across from each other in a restaurant within the distance of 1.5 feet. They were having a direct conversation and were within a hand's reach. The gentleman was leaning towards the lady, showing interest in what she is saying. I assume by the distance between each other and the position that they are facing, these two people are very close friends. They have a very firm and strong relationship based on letting each other into their personal space zone by sharing the booth.
Vygotsky had three basic assumptions of cognitive development. Firstly, he believed that thinking is influenced by one’s culture. Secondly, he said that social interaction is the primary cause of cognitive development. “Human learning presupposes a specific social nature and a process by which children grow into the intellectual life of those around them” (Vygotsky, Mind in Society, 1978, p.88). He proposed that the most important things a society passes on to members are psychological/ mental tools.
According to Lev Vygotsky, education generates and leads development as a result of social learning through the internalisation of culture and social
Member of society have a mindset that agent of socialization is one of the origin that influenced the reinforcement of gender inequality since childhood. What is socialization? In lexical definition, socialization, as a lifelong interactive process, contains individual’s culture learning that is in compliance with social norms and roles to integrate into community (Socialization, n.d.). Childhood is the most influential period of socialization which agents of socialization impact the way children behave that related with social norms.
“A child’s development is affected by their social relationships” (N.P., n.d. Web.) how they are socialized by people and the environment around them, even the world at large plays I big role in their development and who they become. The ecological systems theory of Bronfenbrenner gives explanation to how children develop and affected by their surroundings. The theory describes a compounded “layers” of environment: the Microsystem, the mesosystem, the exosystem, the Macrosystem, and the chronosystem each layer having an effect on child’s development. The implication it has, the theory on teaching is that it highlights the importance of bi-directional interactions, a good relationship of a child’s caregiver with teachers at school it brings
Your identity is what defines you and is made up of many things. But your identity goes through many formative stages throughout your lifetime. Agents of socialization are the things or people that influence your identity. For me there have been 3 specific agents of socialization that have influenced me greatly the first one is my peers, the second one is my brother and the third one is my teachers. Peers have an integral part of my socialization as they have shaped the way I think and how I behave.
1. Explain, please, the meanings of “socialization” - Socialization is the process in which we learn and internalize the attitudes, values, beliefs and norms of our culture and develop a sense of self. It also means to learn the roles and statues of society and the people around it. It’s equalized to being a giant learning process that someone is put through to find out who they are as a person. Throughout the process this person is learning how to identify themselves in his or her society.
Short skirts are to be worn to parties, not to church. Pajamas are to be worn for bed, not to go out onto the street; as a United States citizen you must vote and learn how to use the voting machines. These are examples of socialization. Socialization is the process in which we are taught about social norms and expectations, society’s beliefs, and society’s values. Without socialization we would be nothing.
Overall, the theoretical framework encapsulates the relationships of the included determinants of psychosocially developed preschooler where in they were validated and confirmed by the other studies from various fields and researches. Moreover, the theories how psychosocially develop a preschooler is assed are incorporated in order for the designing of play activities become more
Socialization is the process in which people are taught to be proficient members of society (Ron Hammond, 2015). Culture is introduced at a young age and each culture has a set of rules and norms that are incorporated within them. Interactions with other people is what lead to forming a culture. Without any kind of human interactions, we would not know how to act and when to do it. We would have no sense of self without interactions with other people.
Social skills are defined as any skill facilitating interaction and communication with others. Social rules and relations are created, communicated and changed in verbal and nonverbal ways. This process of learning is called socialization. Students with special needs face many challenges in their lives some of which affects their ability to interact with others. The journal article, group counseling teaching for teaching social skills to students with special needs, explains the benefits of group counseling for both the students and the counselor.
At some point in our lives, we have learned by observing the behaviors of others. Observation can play a very important role in determining what and how we learn. It can have positive or negative effects on one 's development and behavior, especially in children. This is demonstrated in the social learning theory.
The gender role continues as the child grows up. The gender role usually develop, given the limits to what biological differences can explain, how do males and females learn such different roles? The values and expectations of society are transmitted through the socialization process. (pp: 226 John E. Farley & Michael W. Flota).
Social learning theory helps to explain this critical experience. The theory posits that gender role behavior is learned through the child’s interactions with others in their environment. Within this socialization model, the child learns vicariously via observation and receives reinforcement or punishment according to subsequent behaviors. I observed the self-reliance, pursuit of achievement, and perseverance in my nuclear and extended family and I acted accordingly. I began reading and writing before entering Kindergarten and received praise from my mother, my teachers, and my family for this success.
He also believes that our understanding and experiences of reality occur within this
Social learning theory states that an individual will model behaviors that one has been exposed to as a child (Chibucos, Leite, & Weis, 2005). As a child, it is through observation and imitating other people that we learn our behaviors and what is acceptable or normal behaviors. Violence is said to be a learned behavior which can be learned directly or indirectly through family members, friends, partners, etc. These learned behaviors are reinforced in childhood and can continue into adulthood through a term called operant conditioning. Bandura (1973) mentions that these behaviors that continue into adulthood typically act as a coping response to stress or as a method of conflict resolution.
These gender roles evolve from standards put in place by society. What do theorists say about socialization and gender in child development? One of the major theories that are beneficial in learning about gender role development is the Social Learning Theory. According to behaviorist, Bandura, children first learn gender roles by observing behaviors of an adult of the same sex, imitating said adult (Bandura, 1977). Then, the surrounding adult will respond either with positive or negative reinforcement (Bandura, 1977).
Socialization theory tells us that primary socialization- the process that occurs when a child learns the attitudes, values and actions expected of individuals within a particular culture which the most important phrase of social development and lays the groundwork for all future socialization. Therefore, family structure plays a pivotal role in the child’s development influencing both the attitudes the child will hold. Socialization can intentional and unintentional the family may not be conscious of the messages nonetheless contribute to the child’s socialization, for example, if parents buy dolls for their daughters and toys trucks for their sons, the children will learn to value different