Toxin Essays

  • Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning Essay

    769 Words  | 4 Pages

    which is toxins. The scientific name is known as Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning or (PSP). Starting off, paralytic shellfish poisoning is a silent killer. Paralytic poisoning is an illness caused from eating shellfish that have been exposed to dinoflagellate algae ("Paralytic Shellfish" 2 . This is a natural occurring toxin, that is caused by some types of microscopic algae. This toxin affects the nervous system and can even cause damage to the muscle system. In other cases, when the toxin level is

  • Choolera Toxin

    1259 Words  | 6 Pages

    of action of cholera toxin The cholera toxin is an enterotoxin which is secreted by the gram-negative bacteria Vibrio cholerae. The toxin is an protein complex which is made up by six subunits, one A subunit and five B subunits. The A subunit is the enzymatic subunit and the B subunit is the binding subunit [9]. The cholera toxin is released from the bacteria and once in the intestinal lumen it adheres to the apical surface of the epithelial cell. The B subunit of the toxin binds to a ganglioside

  • Commensalism In Science Ecology

    1014 Words  | 5 Pages

    Year 9 Science Ecology Symbiosis Symbiosis Symbiosis is the relationship between two living organisms. The main types of symbiosis are mutualism, parasitism and commensalism. The association between the two organisms can be beneficial to one or two of the species or in some cases be harmful, depending on the type of symbiosis. Commensalism Commensalism is a biological term which is used to describe the relationship between two living organism, where in which one benefits from the other without

  • Lee Harding's Chapter Summary

    793 Words  | 4 Pages

    Chapter nine commences by telling its readers about how Lee Harding was diagnosed with E coli 0157:H7. After eating some tacos at a Mexican restaurant, he started to have excruciating stomach pains and diarrhea. Harding’s stomach was hurting because of some frozen hamburgers he ate a couple of days ago. Those same hamburgers provided by Hudson Foods were infected with E. coli 0157:H7. Millions of those same frozen hamburgers had already been sold and most likely eaten. The middle of the chapter

  • The Pros And Cons Of Botulinum Toxin

    706 Words  | 3 Pages

    but serious paralytic illness caused by a nerve toxin mainly produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.1 It is not a contagious disease, however the bacteria can enter the body through inhalation, ingestion or through a wound. Botulinum toxin produced by Clostridium botulinum is claimed to be one of the most poisonous substance to human as an estimation of one million people can be killed by using only one gram of crystallized Botulinum toxin.2 It has an effect on human nervous system which

  • Germ Theory Of Disease Analysis

    705 Words  | 3 Pages

    Germ theory of disease is one of the theories in the biology field. Germ theory of disease supports that microorganisms that are germs are the cause of diseases. This theory was first proposed by Girolamo Fracastoro in the 16th century but he was not able to provide any evidence to strengthen his proposal. This theory was not accepted easily by the citizen between the 16th century to the 18th century. The pre-existence of miasma theory was the obstacle to the acceptance of germ theory during that

  • Botulinum Toxin Case Study Solution

    1278 Words  | 6 Pages

    BOTULINUM TOXIN The neurotoxins produced by the Clostridia species are among the most potent toxins known. Botulinum toxin, BoNT, is a poisonous substance produced within living cells by Clostridium Botulinum bacteria. Botulism poisoning results most frequently from the ingestion of contaminated food. Food must be cooked for a sufficient length of time, at 248 °F, for the heat resistant spores to die. Botulism also may result from a wound infection or enter the body v via the pulmonary

  • Botox Informative Speech

    499 Words  | 2 Pages

    You can make it happen with a single Botox injection. The results from this cosmetic procedure have made it a Hollywood craze and it has now become much more accessible to non-celebrity patients as well. What exactly is Botox? Botox is botulinum toxin for short. It is a substance that is derived from Clostridium botulinum, a kind of bacteria that may cause food poisoning that can be fatal. It does sound scary. However, in controlled amounts, it can do wonders for wrinkles. What is used in Botox

  • Clostridial Toxins: A Case Study

    5430 Words  | 22 Pages

    Rapid tests for detection of main Clostridial toxins Pérez-Etcheverry Diana* and Lorenzo-Ferreiro Carmen Laboratorio de Biotecnología del Instituto Polo Tecnológico de Pando - Facultad de Química, Universidad de la República. Canelones, Uruguay. *perezetcheverrydiana@gmail.com Abstract: The genus Clostridium is ubiquitous[1], because of this they find easily their way into wounds, foods and feeds, being the cause of serious illness on human and domestic animals. Manifestations and pathology can

  • Toxins In The Body Research Paper

    854 Words  | 4 Pages

    that cleans out poisons that build up in the body. Toxins are everywhere - in our food, water, and even in the air we breathe. Because of high levels of toxins, experts say to follow a detox diet once in a while to help the natural system of your body. Detoxing helps the liver work properly and helps bring the body back to its natural balanced state. It will make you feel good and lower the risk of getting sick a lot due to high levels of toxins. Here are some things you can do to naturally detox

  • Causative Toxin Case Study

    986 Words  | 4 Pages

    would begin with ruling out causes of the child’s illness such as normal childhood illnesses, uncommon diseases and/or and accidental exposures to toxins in the home or elsewhere. Absent biological disease, laboratory testing would determine toxins in the child’s body. Upon ascertaining the causative toxin, an investigation would determine where the toxins originated and how they were introduced to the child. The child, being healthy at birth, appears to become ill due to an acute exposure to the causative

  • Botulinum Toxin Therapy Research Paper

    6761 Words  | 28 Pages

    Botulinum Toxin Therapy Botulinum toxin is produced by anerobic bacillus Colstidium botulinum, is a potent neurotoxin. That is inhibits the presynaptic release of acetylcholine and binds to acetylcholine receptors at the postsynaptic membrane.(122 B) There are seven distinct serotypes of Botulinum toxin : A, B, C1, D, E, F, and G. Only Botulinum toxins type A and B are commercially available. Four types of botulinum toxin are approved by FDA for clinical use in the USA. 1. Onabotulinumtoxin A (A/Ona

  • Metronidazole

    2742 Words  | 11 Pages

    relapses occurring within the first 2 months. During reoccurrence the original strain may be re-established itself or infection with a different C. diff strain might occur. Symptomatic relapses occur when diarrhoea returns with a positive of the C. diff toxin. If the diarrhoea is mild then a simple

  • Red Tide: How It Affects Marine Life

    1354 Words  | 6 Pages

    Red Tide: How it affects Marine Life Red tide in Florida is a reoccurring problem that threatens marine life every year. Red tide in Florida waterways has a negative impact on marine life because it produces toxins that are harmful to marine species. It lessens the amount of oxygen in the water which ultimately leads to the migration and death of many different marine animals. Millions of dollars are poured into red tide research and prevention every year to help predict when and where a red tide

  • Clostridium Botulinum Research Paper

    1692 Words  | 7 Pages

    botulinum toxin.1 Clostridium Botulinum toxin type A is one of seven serotypes (A-G), these toxins are responsible for four recognised types of diseases including infant botulism, wound botulism and food-borne and adult intestinal colonization.2, 3 The toxin is a Zn2+ endopeptidase toxin, and it acts by blocking cholinergic synapses in all cases, by cleaving

  • Pre-Ocular Tear

    1238 Words  | 5 Pages

    Comparative study between punctual plugs insertion and botulinum toxin type A injections in improvement of resistant dry eye diseases Hazem Abdelrahman Ismail,MD. Abstract Purpose: To compare the efficacies of Botulinum toxin type A injection and punctal plugs insertion in dry eye diseases not responding to topical ordinary medications. Materials and Methods: A randomized clinical trial of two parallel groups of 54 dry eye patients seen in our clinic not responding to ordinary topical

  • Clostridium Botox Research Paper

    1710 Words  | 7 Pages

    population increases to the point where the bacteria Clostridium Botulinum begin producing the botulinum toxin, a deadly neurotoxin responsible for botulism.1 Botulinum A toxin is one of seven serotypes (A-G), these toxins are responsible for four recognised types of diseases including infant botulism, wound botulism and food-borne and adult intestinal colonization.2, 3 In all cases, the toxin which is a Zn2+ endopeptidase, acts by blocking cholinergic synapses by cleaving intracellular proteins responsible

  • Ethyne Glycol Research Paper

    360 Words  | 2 Pages

    Toxins are present in everyday life in a variety of places. Ethylene glycol, commonly found in antifreeze and other household products. Ethylene glycol can be toxic to humans, as well as pets. With antifreeze founds in many households, it is common for pets to find and ingest this toxin. Commonly found in garages where antifreeze is kept, the sweet tasting liquid is often was entices pets to drink it up. Even in the smallest amounts, ethylene glycol has been proven toxic. Dogs often lap it up in

  • Should Bottled Water Be Banned?

    1332 Words  | 6 Pages

    conversations about why bottled water is bad has become a great argument. Why is bottled water suddenly being attacked? Bottled water is being attacked due to the effects bottles have on wildlife. Water bottles are also being attacked because of the toxins the bottles emit into the water that can be harmful to humans. Bottled water is also being attacked due to the outrageous price of water bottles. Each of these problems are often overlooked and not worried about. Though each problem can cause great

  • Biological Agent Essay

    1737 Words  | 7 Pages

    Biological agents are easy to develop as weapons. They are more lethal than chemical weapons, less expensive and more difficult to detect than nuclear weapons. Biological agents are microorganisms that are found in nature, but there is a possibility to modify these organisms to increase their virulence, make them resistant to current antibiotics or vaccines, or to enhance the ability to be disseminated into the environment. Biological agents are attractive alternative to conventional weapons because