Utilitarianism Essays

  • Utilitarianism And Consequentialism

    908 Words  | 4 Pages

    suggested by the instructor about the philosophical idea of Consequentialism (Utilitarianism) given by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill and the other concept which is given by Immanuel Kant in the critics of Utilitarianism theory which is called Deontological Ethics. The reading given made understand about all these two concept and their possible application in the policy or law making like the universal law. Utilitarianism:- this is the concept used by Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and the John Stuart

  • Utilitarianism Theory

    1034 Words  | 5 Pages

    However, in the West, there is more of a likelihood that normative ethical theories such as consequentialist theories like Utilitarianism which can be compared to HRM being accepted. This theory was adopted in the Western world during the enlightenment period thus, resonates to its past. It makes an assumption about humans and the world and tends to ‘promote happiness, condemning the wrong actions’ (Airan, 2013). It crosses paths with HRM as they both make decisions through what can be seen as a

  • Utilitarianism In Antigone

    1090 Words  | 5 Pages

    The Concept of Justice: Utilitarianism Evaluating Justice The actions you decide to take in life have consequences. In an ideal world you will be rewarded for being good, while making bad decisions will be consequences. This is what many fail to realize about legal systems. Many individuals expect to get off easy after committing a crime, when ideally, everyone should be able to distinguish between right and wrong, and understand that there are consequences to unlawful action. Unfortunately many

  • Arguments Against Utilitarianism

    1542 Words  | 7 Pages

    This essay will reject the utilitarian claim as to always act as to maximize utility. In order to exhibit why this claim fails, this argument will be based on the most refined description of utility, namely, preference satisfaction utilitarianism, an action which is right, because it produces the most of what is intrinsically valuable, which is more than just the ultimate consequence of pleasure as suggested by the hedonistic utilitarian but instead, is the maximization of individual human preferences

  • Strengths And Weaknesses Of Utilitarianism

    1711 Words  | 7 Pages

    example that the action is taken, which would kill the least people? Utilitarianisms would answer the question in the affirmative and change the track so only one person has to suffer. However, we have to question if the Utilitarianism is applicable to such ethical questions (Smart & Williams, 1973). This essay will outline several strength and weaknesses of the Utilitarianism devised by Jeremy Bentham. Firstly, the Utilitarianism will be outlined, secondly some strength and weaknesses are explained

  • Utilitarianism In Computer Science

    1239 Words  | 5 Pages

    The utilitarianism is common approach to make ethical decisions. The main point of this approach is that you have to make that decision which comes with the most utility. The utility in this approach can be described as „The good”, and the opposite of this is „the bad”. This means that in Computer Science you have to produce a computer programme or a hardware, which produces the largest amount of good , and during the producing phase, it makes the least amount of bad, for all who are affected: customers

  • The Ethical Theory Of Utilitarianism

    1109 Words  | 5 Pages

    focus on the ethical theory of Utilitarianism, it benefits but also its disadvantages which shows it is a theory which should not be used to handle moral disagreements. Utilitarianism is a type of relativist consequentialist ethic. Consequentialist ethical systems focus on the outcome of an action, rather than the agent or the action itself. Utilitarianism is a relativistic ethic because each time the outcomes of each ethical questions will be different. Utilitarianism considers the consequences of

  • Examples Of Utilitarianism In Democracy

    729 Words  | 3 Pages

    Utilitarianism as Democracy Is utilitarianism the “philosophy of democracy”? In my opinion utilitarianism is the “philosophy of democracy.” Utilitarianism is one of the most powerful and persuasive approaches to normative ethics in the history of philosophy. According to Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, utilitarianism is the ethical doctrine that virtue is based on utility, and that conduct should be directed toward promoting the greatest happiness of the greatest number of persons. The reasons

  • Ethical Criticism Of Utilitarianism

    837 Words  | 4 Pages

    Utilitarianism is a normative moral theory based on consequentialism-its fundamental idea is that “do what produces the best consequence”. In more detail the theory dictates that actions are only right if they promote happiness and produce the greatest amount of happiness; “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure, and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain, and the privation of

  • John Mill Utilitarianism

    1384 Words  | 6 Pages

    develop into a person who would change his attitude towards self-harm. In this case, it is argued, there is a different person who has been harmed. John Stuart Mill, one of the foremost nineteenth-century spokesmen for liberalism, advocated Utilitarianism in ethics, i.e., the view that we should each act so as to promote the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people. He taught that we can only limit a person's conduct when it presents harm to others, irrespective of whether it presents

  • The Pros And Cons Of Utilitarianism

    889 Words  | 4 Pages

    autonomy, knowledge, and virtues. A utilitarian only values happiness overall. Next, one must determine what is intrinsically bad, and examples of those are physical pain, mental anguish, sadistic impulses, and the betrayal of innocent lives; though, utilitarianism finds faring poorly in life as intrinsically bad. Once everything is defined, one must now weigh their options, and evaluate the outcome of the actions. Finally, one must choose the option that permits the greatest balance of good overall, so

  • Utilitarianism Theory Of Ethics

    901 Words  | 4 Pages

    I will consider this topic through the lens of two types of ethics which are utilitarianism which was practised by Bentham and Deontological ethics which had practitioners in the form Immanuel Kant. Bentham’s version of utilitarianism the highest principle of morality whether personal or political morality is to maximise the general welfare or collective happiness. The overall balance of pleasure over pain, it bases itself on achieving maximum utility. The reasoning to validate this point is that

  • Key Concepts Of Utilitarianism

    1267 Words  | 6 Pages

    Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that is more interested in consequences than intent. An act is considered right if it’s good outcomes is more than the bad outcomes. People are expected to act in a way that will result in the greatest possible amount of well-being. Utilitarianism became a well-defined ethical theory during the eighteenth century. Utilitarianism can be described as a theory of ethics because it tells good or bad and also right or wrong. But some of the key concepts of utilitarianism

  • The Moral Theory Utilitarianism

    1551 Words  | 7 Pages

    will explain the moral theory utilitarianism and outline its main claim; then I will present the most serious objection to utilitarianism: that it does not value justice; next, I will present utilitarianism’s refutation to the critique; lastly, I will evaluate utilitarianism’s reply and argue that utilitarianism can sufficiently answer this objection. While there are different schools within utilitarianism I will be focusing on its most common version: act utilitarianism (from this point on I will refer

  • Utilitarianism In Business Ethics

    1685 Words  | 7 Pages

    Utilitarianism is a teleological ethical theory based on the idea that an action is moral if it causes the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people. The theory is concerned with predicted consequences or outcomes of a situation rather than focusing on what is done to get to the outcome. There are many forms of utilitarianism, having been introduced by Jeremy Bentham (act utilitarianism), and later being updated by scholars such as J.S. Mill (rule utilitarianism) and Peter Singer

  • Ethical View Of Utilitarianism

    732 Words  | 3 Pages

    Utilitarianism addresses problems in a way that it will maximize the overall good. It supports the greatest happiness principle which states that actions are right if they tend to promote happiness and wrong if it promotes the opposite of happiness. This theory is not based on making the most money as it may appear at first, but utilitarianism has much more to offer to our society as it demonstrates and shows full awareness that sponsoring feelings or sentiments do matter. Sustainable development

  • Moral Concept Of Utilitarianism

    720 Words  | 3 Pages

    Utilitarianism is the theory that justifies actions as right to the extent that they produce utility. Utility itself can then be categorized as any benefit that improves or increases a person’s well-being. Therefore, utilitarianism implies telling the teacher the truth about the situation is the right choice. I will also argue that utilitarianism provides the appropriate moral perspective to take. The principle of utility states that we should perform actions that are likely to produce the most

  • Comparison Of Mill And Utilitarianism

    714 Words  | 3 Pages

    accomplish individually of aims and closures ought to be considered some portion of their happiness. Mill describes utilitarianism like a hypothesis depend on the basis that if people tend to behave like promoting happiness, it would be a true behavior. Happiness can be describes as a pleasure and the disappearance of the pain. The most important thing about Mill’s moral philosophy is Utilitarianism, which emphasize the ultimate good. In other words, it can be defined that pleasure and

  • Sartre's Theory Of Utilitarianism

    1021 Words  | 5 Pages

    twentieth century, claims that humans create their own meaning in life by means of their free choices. He supports this claim with the assumption that a God does not exist. John Stuart Mill, an earlier philosopher, was a proponent of the idea of utilitarianism; the idea that human beings should work to maximize overall happiness and wellbeing. In this paper, I will discuss these two theories and how their combination can potentially create a satisfactory moral theory. Central to Sartre’s idea of humans

  • Essay On Morality And Utilitarianism

    772 Words  | 4 Pages

    amount of pleasure or pain. If an action brings about more pleasure than pain, then that action is morally right. Likewise, if an action brings about more pain than pleasure then that action is morally wrong. Only the ends of an action matters for Utilitarianism. Happiness is measured equally between individuals when assessing the consequences; however, if the happiness of two individuals is in question, then violating the rights of one individual is permissible if it increases the overall pleasure. According