The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a civil rights movement that took place in the city of Montgomery, Alabama, from 1955 to 1956. It began when African American Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man and was arrested for violating segregation laws. This sparked an organized boycott of the public transportation system by black citizens, which lasted 381 days until the United States Supreme Court ruled that segregated seating on buses violated the 14th Amendment. The boycott resulted in significant changes throughout America's south, including increased desegregation of public facilities such as restaurants and theaters, greater access to voting rights and improved job opportunities for African Americans.
The success of this protest inspired other civil rights activists across America who continued to fight against racial injustice through non-violent means. Martin Luther King Jr., one of the most prominent leaders during this period, became known worldwide due to his powerful speeches about equality and human dignity that he delivered during various marches held throughout Alabama between 1955–1956. These protests were essential in bringing attention to injustices occurring within society at large while inspiring people around the world with their courage and resilience towards achieving justice without violence or destruction, ultimately leading to sweeping reforms being passed into law shortly thereafter.