Presidents of the United States (POTUS)

Seal of the president of the United States

Welcome! In this resource, you will find background information on all the Presidents of the United States of America.

This includes election results, their Vice Presidents, Cabinet Members, First Ladies, Supreme Court appointments, notable events, and other points of interest. Links to their biographies, historical documents, audio and video files, and other presidential sites are also included.

Below is a list of all US presidents in order of their election. Select the POTUS you want information about.

If you don’t know which president you are interested in, perhaps the name or subject indexes will help. These are listed at the bottom of the page.

List of All US Presidents in Order:

POTUSTerm of OfficePolitical PartyVice President
1George WashingtonGeorge Washington1789 – 1797
(served two full terms)
None John Adams 
(1789 – 1797)
 2John AdamsPortrait, John Adams1797 – 1801FederalistThomas Jefferson
(1797 – 1801)
3Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson1801 – 1809 (served two full terms)Democratic-RepublicanAaron Burr

(1801 – 1805)

George Clinton

(1805 – 1809)

4James MadisonPortrait, James Madison1809 -1817 (served two full terms)Democratic-RepublicanGeorge Clinton

(1809 – 1812)

Elbridge Gerry

(1813 – 1814)

5James MonroePortrait, James Monroe1817 – 1825 (served two full terms)Democratic-RepublicanDaniel D. Tompkins

(1817 – 1825)

6John Quincy AdamsPortrait, John Quincy Adams1825 – 1829Democratic-RepublicanJohn C. Calhoun

(1825 – 1829)

7Andrew JacksonPortrait, Andrew Jackson1829 – 1837 (served two full terms)DemocraticJohn C. Calhoun

(1829 – 1832)

Martin Van Buren

(1833 – 1837)

8Martin Van BurenPortrait, Martin Van Buren1837 – 1841DemocraticRichard M. Johnson

(1837 – 1841)

9William Henry HarrisonPortrait, William Henry Harrison1841 (died in office)WhigJohn Tyler 


10John TylerPortrait, John Tyler1841 – 1845 (came into office as VP)WhigOffice remained vacant throughout the term
11James Knox PolkPortrait, James Knox Polk1845 – 1849DemocraticGeorge M. Dallas 

(1845 – 1849)

12Zachary TaylorPortrait, Zachary Taylor1849 – 1850 (died in office)WhigMillard Fillmore

(1849 – 1850)

13Millard FillmorePortrait, Millard Fillmore1850 – 1853 (came into office as VP)WhigOffice remained vacant throughout the term
14Franklin PiercePortrait, Franklin Pierce1853 – 1857DemocraticWilliam R. King


15James BuchananPortrait, James Buchanan1857 – 1861DemocraticJohn C. Breckinridge

(1857 – 1861)

16 Abraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln1861 – 1865 (elected for two terms, assassinated during the second)RepublicanHannibal Hamlin

(1861 – 1865)

Andrew Johnson


17Andrew JohnsonPortrait, Andrew Johnson1865 – 1869 (came into office as VP; impeached in 1868, acquitted by the Senate)DemocraticOffice remained vacant throughout the term
18Ulysses S. GrantPortrait, Ulysses S. Grant1869 – 1877 (served two full terms)RepublicanSchuyler Colfax

(1869 – 1873)

Henry Wilson

(1873 – 1877)

19Rutherford Birchard HayesPortrait, Rutherford Birchard Hayes1877 – 1881RepublicanWilliam A. Wheeler

(1877 – 1881)

20James Abram GarfieldPortrait, James Abram Garfield1881 (assassinated when in office)RepublicanChester Alan Arthur


21Chester Alan ArthurPortrait, Chester Alan Arthur1881 – 1885 (came into office as VP)RepublicanOffice remained vacant throughout the term
22Grover ClevelandPortrait, Grover Cleveland1885 – 1889 (served two full terms, non-contiguously)DemocraticThomas A. Hendricks

(1885 – 1889)

23Benjamin HarrisonPortrait, Benjamin Harrison1889 – 1893RepublicanLevi P. Morton

(1889 – 1893)

24Grover ClevelandPortrait, Grover Cleveland1893 – 1897 (served two full terms, non-contiguously)DemocraticAdlai E. Stevenson

(1893 – 1897)

25William McKinleyPortrait, William McKinley1897 – 1901RepublicanGarret A. Hobart

(1897 – 1899)

Theodore Roosevelt


26 Theodore RooseveltTeddy Roosevelt1901 – 1909 (served two full terms)RepublicanCharles Warren Fairbanks 

(1905 – 1909)

27William Howard TaftPortrait, William Howard Taft1909 – 1913RepublicanJames S. Sherman

(1909 – 1912)

28Woodrow WilsonPortrait, Woodrow Wilson1913 – 1921 (served two full terms)DemocraticThomas R. Marshall

(1913 – 1921)

29Warren Gamaliel HardingPortrait, Warren Gamaliel Harding1921 – 1923 (died in office)RepublicanCalvin Coolidge

(1921 – 1923)

30Calvin CoolidgePortrait, Calvin Coolidge1923 – 1929 (came into office as VP, re-elected for second term)RepublicanCharles G. Dawes

(1925 – 1929)

31Herbert Clark HooverPortrait, Herbert Clark Hoover1929 – 1933RepublicanCharles Curtis 

(1929 – 1933)

32Franklin Delano RooseveltFranklin Delano Roosevelt1933 – 1945 (elected for four terms, died during the fourth)DemocraticJohn N. Garner

(1933 – 1941)

Henry A. Wallace

(1941 – 1945)

Harry S. Truman


33Harry S. TrumanPortrait, Harry S. Truman1945 – 1953 (came into office as VP, re-elected for second term)DemocraticAlben W. Barkley

(1949 – 1953)

34Dwight David EisenhowerPortrait, Dwight David Eisenhower1953 – 1961 (served two full terms)RepublicanRichard Milhous Nixon

(1953 – 1961)

35John Fitzgerald KennedyJohn F. Kennedy1961 – 1963 (assassinated when in office)DemocraticLyndon Baines Johnson

(1961 – 1963)

36Lyndon Baines JohnsonPortrait, Lyndon Baines Johnson1963 – 1969 (came into office as VP, re-elected for second term)DemocraticHubert H. Humphrey

(1965 – 1969)

37Richard Milhous NixonPortrait, Richard Milhous Nixon1969 – 1974 (elected for two terms, resigned in the second)RepublicanSpiro T. Agnew

(1969 – 1973)

Gerald Rudolph Ford

(1973 – 1974)

38Gerald Rudolph FordPortrait, Gerald Rudolph Ford1974 – 1977 (came into office as VP)RepublicanNelson A. Rockefeller

(1974 – 1977)

39James Earl Carter, JrPortrait, James Earl Carter, Jr.1977 – 1981DemocraticWalter F. Mondale

(1977 – 1981)

40Ronald Wilson ReaganPortrait, Ronald Wilson Reagan1981 – 1989 (served two full terms)RepublicanGeorge Herbert Walker Bush

(1981 – 1989)

41George Herbert Walker BushPortrait, George Herbert Walker Bush1989 – 1993RepublicanJ. Danforth Quayle

(1989 – 1993)

42William Jefferson ClintonPortrait, William Jefferson Clinton1993 – 2001 (served two full terms; impeached in 1998, acquitted by the Senate)DemocraticAlbert Gore, Jr.

(1993 – 2001)

43George W. BushPortrait, George Walker Bush2001 – 2009 (served two full terms)RepublicanRichard B. Cheney

(2001 – 2009)

44Barack Hussein ObamaBarack H. Obama2009 – 2017 (served two full terms)DemocraticJoseph Robinette Biden

(2009 – 2017)

45Donald John TrumpDonald J. Trump2017 – 2021 (impeached in 2020 and 2021, acquitted by the Senate both times)RepublicanMike Pence

(2017 – 2021)

46Joseph Robinette BidenJoseph R. Biden (Official White House Photo by David Lienemann)2021 –DemocraticKamala Harris

(2021 – )

Frequently Asked Questions about Presidents of the United States

1. Who was the first US president?

The first president of the United States was George Washington. He had been among those who pushed for the Constitutional Convention. Once the Constitution had been ratified by all thirteen states, Washington was elected as president of the new nation by the Electoral College in 1789. 

2. Who is the youngest US president?

At the age of 43, John F. Kennedy was the youngest US president to be elected to the office. Assassinated three years later, he is also the youngest president to die.

The youngest president to take office, however, was Theodore Roosevelt. He became the POTUS when President McKinley was assassinated. Roosevelt was 42 years at the time.

3. Who is the oldest president of the US?

Joe Biden is the oldest US president, having been elected at the age of 77. By the time he took over the office in January 2021, he had turned 78. In June 2023, he began his campaign for re-election.

4. How many US presidents have there been?

As of 2023, there have been 46 US presidents. Of these, 19 have been from the Democratic party, while 16 have been Republicans. The remaining 11 presidents hailed either from now defunct political parties of from no party (George Washington).

5. How many presidents have been impeached in the USA?

As of 2023, three US presidents have been impeached. They were Andrew Johnson, Bill Clinton, and Donald Trump (impeached twice). However, none of them was removed from office as a result of this; they were acquitted by the Senate during their impeachment trials.

6. How many US presidents have been assassinated?

Four US presidents have been assassinated while in office: Abraham Lincoln, James Garfield, William McKinley, and John F. Kennedy. Several other presidents have also been the targets of unsuccessful assassination attempts while in office, such as Andrew Jackson, Ronal Reagan, and Gerald Ford.

7. Who was the US president when the EU was founded?

Bill Clinton was the president of the United States in 1993 when the EU was founded. The European Union was formally established on November 1, 1993 by the Maastricht Treaty. Bill Clinton took office at the beginning oof that year, on January 20.

8. Which US Vice President did not resign from office?

No US Vice President has resigned from office, except for two: Spiro Agnew in 1973 and John C. Calhoun in 1832. All other VPs have either completed their terms in the office or taken over the President upon the latter’s death or resignation.

9. What university claims the most US presidents as alumni?

Harvard University claims eight US presidents as its alumni, which is the highest number from a single university. It is the oldest higher education institution in the country.

10. What is the salary of the president of the United States?

The president of the United States receives a salary of $400,000 a year. Additionally, they are allotted a 50,000 annual expense account, $100,000 nontaxable travel account, and $19,000 for entertainment. They also receive a pension upon leaving office.

11. What is executive privilege?

Executive privilege is a provision which allows the President of the United States and some other members of the executive office to withhold certain documents and communications they deem to be sensitive from the other two branches of the government – the legislature and the judiciary. This provision is not derived from the US Constitution, but rather, from common law and the principle of separation of powers.

The Supreme Court of the United States acknowledged this provision during United States v. Nixon, popularly known as Watergate. Recently, it has been invoked by former president Donald Trump in the matter of the January 6, 2021 attack on the Capitol to block the release of White House documents relating to the event. His requests, however, have been denied by the incumbent president and the Supreme Court.

POTUS in the News

  • The Supreme Court upholds the president’s immigration enforcement policy, which has previously been blocked nationwide by a federal court in Texas.
  • POTUS Joe Biden hosts India’s PM Narendra Modi during the latter’s State visit to the US. Several deals are signed, bolstering ties between the two nations.
  • President Biden passes an executive order making access to contraception easier following the SCOTUS overturning of Roe v. Wade in June 2022.
  • The president’s son, Hunter Biden, pleads guilty to federal tax offenses at the end of a five-year investigation into the matter.
  • Former US president Donald Trump is indicted on charges of retention of classified government documents and obstruction of justice.
  • President Joe Biden launches his campaign for re-election in the 2024 US presidential elections. 

Related Resources


Index to Names in POTUS:

| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

Index to Subjects and Topics in POTUS:

| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |


©1996-2008. Robert S. Summers. All rights reserved.

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