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4th President of the United States
Nicknames: “Father of the Constitution”
Born: March 16, 1751, in Port Conway, Virginia
Father: James Madison
Mother: Nelly Conway Madison
Married: Dolley Payne Todd Madison (1768-1849), on September 15, 1794
Education: Graduated from College of New Jersey (now Princeton University; 1771)
Political Party: Democratic-Republican
Other Government Positions:
- Member of Virginia Constitutional Convention, 1776
- Member of Continental Congress, 1780-83
- Member of Virginia Legislature, 1784-86
- Member of Constitutional Convention, 1787
- Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1789-97
- Secretary of State, 1801-09 (under Jefferson)
Presidential Salary: $25,000/year
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- Secretary of State
- Robert Smith (1809-11)
- James Monroe (1811-17)
- Secretary of the Treasury
- Albert Gallatin (1809-14)
- George W. Campbell (1814)
- Alexander J. Dallas (1814-16)
- William H. Crawford (1816-17)
- Secretary of War
- William Eustis (1809-12)
- John Armstrong (1813-14)
- James Monroe (1814-15)
- William H. Crawford (1815-16)
- Attorney General
- Caesar A. Rodney (1809-11)
- William Pinkney (1812-14)
- Richard Rush (1814-17)
- Secretary of the Navy
- Paul Hamilton (1809-12)
- William Jones (1813-14)
- Benjamin W. Crowninshield (1815-17)
Supreme Court Appointments:
- War is declared on England on June 18 after England continues to attack U.S. ships headed to France.
- Madison is re-elected.
- Andrew Jackson defeats the British at New Orleans on January 8, after the war ends.
- The Second Bank of the United States is chartered on April 10.
- James Madison — from The Presidents of the United States of America
- Compiled by the White House.
- James Madison — from American Presidents: Life Portraits — C-SPAN
- Biographical information, trivia, key events, video, and other reference materials. Website created to accompany C-SPAN’s 20th Anniversary Television Series, American Presidents: Life Portraits.
- James Madison — from U.S. Presidents
- From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.
- James Madison — from LeftJustified
- Biography discussing Madison’s contribution to the Constitution of the United States.
- James Madison and Slavery — by Kenneth M. Clark
- Extensive paper with bibliography.
- First Inaugural Address (1809)
- Second Inaugural Address (1813)
- Memorial and Remonstrance (1785)
- The Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 reported by James Madison (1787)
- Constitution of the United States (1787)
- Federalist Papers (1787-1788)
- James Madison Building
- Inscriptions and quotations in the James Madison Building of the Library of Congress.
- James Madison Museum of Orange County Heritage
- Facts, tourist information, and a history blog.
- Hours and brief description.
- Madison was the first president who had had prior experience as a congressman.
- Zachary Taylor and Madison were second cousins.
- Madison was the first president to wear long trousers. All previous presidents had worn knee breeches.
- During the War of 1812 Madison came under enemy fire. He was the first president to be in that situation.
- At 5 feet, 4 inches and less than 100 pounds, he was the shortest and lightest president.
- Dolley Madison sent the first personal message using Morse telegraph in 1844.
- As Secretary of State under Thomas Jefferson, Madison played an important role in the Louisiana Purchase.
- Along with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, James Madison authored the collection of essays that are now known as The Federalist Papers.
©1996-2008. Robert S. Summers. All rights reserved.