The results of this study may provide valuable insights for understanding teachers’ classroom assessment practices and needs for teachers in and other parts of the world. Information obtained in this study can also be used for decision making such as evaluating the effectiveness of classroom assessment practices that teachers adopt as they evaluate student learning. Findings from this study may also add to a body of knowledge to the exiting assessment theory and practice within the education system and act as a framework for developing teacher preparation and professional development in the use of classroom
Pham & Buyukkarci highlighted the principles for developing a contextualized formative assessment practice framework. In contrast, Wubshet & Menuta emphasized the implication of formative assessment practice in the classroom. The reasons for these differences are these studies are conducted in different contexts and they serve different purposes. This makes a strong case for investigating EFL teachers’ practices of formative assessment into some high schools in Vinh Long so that we can verify the usefulness of formative assessment in teaching and
They defined formative assessment as a concept that teachers use information from activities to determine the next steps in learning and teaching. In their viewpoints, the information from a formative assessment actually is used to adjust instruction ‘to meet students’ needs”. In other words, these adjustments were not only to be made in the instruction but they needed to work. Likewise, Brown (2004) also stated this point in his definition. He defines formative assessment as “evaluating students in the process of ‘forming’ their competencies and skills with the goal of helping them to continue that growth
In the contract, students and teachers decide and agree on how to treat one another in the classroom. The group also decides on and agrees to what the group will do if someone violates the contract. Rather than a consequence, the group should decide how to fix the problem through either class discussion, peer mediation, counseling, or by one on one conversations leading to a solution to the situation. Preventive techniques also involve the strategic use of praise and rewards to inform students about their behavior rather than as a means of controlling student behavior. To use rewards to inform students about their behavior, teachers must emphasize the value of the behavior that is rewarded and also explain to students the specific skills they demonstrated to earn the reward.
Teacher observation is most successful when the teacher and observer work together and reflect on the teaching behaviour. Critical Elements of Teacher Observation as Professional Development * Ensuring school leaders advocate and support teacher observation as a valid form of professional development * Building a community of trust among faculty * Establishing a school-wide commitment to the approach * Separating observation from the teacher evaluation
English Language Learner Necessities ELLs must have the same standards as native English speakers but formatted to their English abilities. Teacher must be able to accommodate the needs of the students to be able to effectively improve their English proficiency and their understanding of the material. Szpara quotes from another author stating, "According to Wright (2003), accommodations are change in content or other attributes that do not lower standards or change grading procedures…" (Szpara, 2017) Developing teachers with the right tools so that they can provide their ELL students with better tools to succeed in their classes could lower the drop-out rate. Roy-Campbell examined that teachers must draw from the ELL student's knowledge to
Teachers have multi dimensional role in the process of education i.e. in assisting administration, guiding and counseling students both in their effective learning as well as their future role in society as a responsible citizen. Successful or good teaching is the teaching which does bring about the desired learning. The challenge of education thus stresses the need for orientation in skills and methodology for teachers in colleges and universities. Branford, Brown and Cocking (1999) also described the state of an effective and high-quality teacher when they noted: The requirement of super level teaching is that the teachers have a deep understanding of the its subject matter content and its structure, with all of this an equally complete understanding of the method of teaching activities that help students understand the subject matter which is taught by the teacher.
The first role of the leading teachers is to persuading teachers to use formative assessment effectively in the classroom and applying the best and suitable assessment tool(s) in the lessons. The second role of the leading teachers is to monitor and provide constructive feedback for the teachers on their performance continuously. Leading teachers need to physically present to observe the classroom teaching, students behavior and how teachers perform. Feedback should be given for the teachers regarding the quality of the teacher. The feedback should be constructive and must help to improve or develop future teaching and learning.
Mastery experiences are essential in developing and supporting self-efficacy. Teachers can be given an opportunity to gain mastery experiences through interactive and engaging activities such as workshops, clinical simulated teaching exercises as well as programmes that support and develop skills of new and indifferent teachers (Bandura, 1997, p. 39). Mastery experiences are needed in areas such as expository teaching, motivation and group dynamics as well in the difficult area of teaching for transfer of
This phase also offers opportunities for teachers to directly introduce a concept, process, or skill. Learners explain their understanding of the concept. An explanation from the teacher or the curriculum may lead them toward a deeper understanding, which is a critical part of this phase. Teachers challenge and increase students’ conceptual understanding and skills. Through new experiences, the students develop deeper and broader understanding, more information, and proper skills.