What did you know prior to reading the information presented within the chapter? (Please be specific) In Chapter 1, I had prior knowledge of the Federal Laws that require inclusion for students with disabilities. The law states every child is entitled to a free public education. Also from chapter 1, I am well aware of the purpose of Early Head Start and Head Start program. These programs were implemented to improved academic performance for children that come from low-income families. In Chapter 2, though knowledge is limited on how to apply the many different types of assessments for the young and very young, I am aware that assessments are used to measure growth in children and when applicable getting children the services that would need to achieve academic success. The one assessment that I am fully of aware is the Rubrics, being that they are used on all students at any level of education. I am familiar with …show more content…
What did you learn from the information presented within the chapter? (Please be specific) From Chapter 1, I understand how some policies and laws in regard to education can be harmful to the student and stressful to the teacher. Though with good intention to improve that quality of education in America with teacher accountability with being link to standardized testing scores and government funding for education, this has left the educational system at its weakest because every student is require to take state mandate test. However, not all students learn the same and inclusion allows students with disabilities (no matter the type) to be included in the classroom. Chapter 2 newly incorporated knowledge provides me with the understanding of how the many and different types of assessment are used and who they apply to. Assessments are a teacher’s tool that builds a profile on student’s growth and are the “tell-tell” detectors that provide the with teacher information on a student who may need additional services in and beyond the
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
In Chapter 2, a specific reform that was discussed in American education were both accountability and choice, how the standards movement turned into the testing movement. This reform was introduced through President George W. Bush's No Child Left Behind program and a Nation At Risk report. My thoughts on this reform are much similar to the author of the book, Diane Ravitch. She states her opinion throughout the chapter as well as the whole book. I agree with her that there should be a curriculum taught not just test taking.
From studying education, I have noticed how many school districts teach based upon what the students will be tested over. As a future educator, I feel as if a standardized test cannot determine what a student is capable of. The individuals creating the test often don’t realize that many students suffer from test anxiety, in fear of failing the test and what is more fearful is how the school districts pressure the teachers to stress to the students the importance of passing the test. Also, in this chapter Boaler describes assessment for learning as having three components clear communication about what students have learned, a way to help students understand where they are on their journey to mastery and where they still need to improve, and information on ways to get from where students are currently to where they need to be to meet success criteria. This chapter offered several strategies that will help students have a better grasp of where they are in the learning process and that will help them develop and maintain a growth mindset.
a. To conduct a running record: Adrian will need to select a passage that is around one hundred to two hundred words long. He should allow the student to read the passage a few times before conduction the assessment. He should either be able to see the passage or have his own copies, and then as the child reads, he needs to keep a record of the words the student reads correctly and the errors that the student makes. b. Information: The first thing Adrian will be to decide is if based on the accuracy, if the passage was appropriate for this student. This will tell if the text is independent,
DEVELOPING HEAD START IN OUR SCHOOL U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families has released improved Head Start Performance Standards. This is the first comprehensive overhaul of standards since they were first published. Both the early education landscape and our knowledge of the science of early learning have changed vividly in the last half century. Change and common core performance standards were sorely in need of modernization.
The effort needs to focus on every child and their needs. In his work as an education guru, Robert Marzano offers guidance that could lead us toward curriculum and instruction that celebrate student learning and achievement, but more importantly, growth. Formal assessments are good if they reflect points in the students journey, not as a one and done grade (Marzano, 2013). Formal assessments for students should only represent points on a performance scale. Marzano noted that "characteristics of sound feedback" include that it should be frequent, give students a clear picture of their progress and how they might improve, and provide encouragement.
Ratvitch talks a lot about testing in the educational system and how it affects everyone in our country. I thought it was very interesting to learn that Ratvitch truly believes that tests should strictly follow our curriculum than determine what is being taught. I have always been intrigued of what makes a test accountable Journal Entry Eight 3 and I am learning from reading this chapter that we cannot always trust what is stated on the exam given. That is where George W Bush’s Law came into effect, “The no Child Left Behind”, law.
A principal in the Mid-West told a blogger, Diane Ravitch, that “his school piloted the Common Core assessments and the failure rate rocketed upwards, especially among the students with the highest needs. He said the exams looked like AP exams and were beyond the reach of many students.” the point of this teaching style was so that the gap in results between the children who have and don’t have good education opportunities would shrink but if this trend continues it is only a matter of time before most students fail their classes all because of the new standard that has been
The state tried to force this child, Ethan, to take this test. In the meantime while Andrea was fighting the school system, Ethan Rediske passed away. It doesn’t have to be this way. Our children aren’t all dying of terrible diseases, but these standardized testing is killing our brothers and sisters creativity and passion for school instead. Standardized tests do not accurately measure what students know and what they can do, nor are they accurate predictors of future success
2:1 Compare the strengths and limitations of assessments of a range of assessment methods with reference to the needs of individual learners. Workplace Observations, question and answer/professional discussions, projects/assignments, portfolios, witness statements. A good assessor will always take into account their learners needs and what particular subject they are studying for prior to confirming with learner type of assessment method to be used. Workplace observations
This is a key part in schools today because it’s enforcing a higher bar of achievement for teachers and students (Catapano, 2018). Implementing standards into a school system that are internationally benchmarked means all states and countries have a way of measuring their academic performance. They can use this also as a tool to compile scores and understand the weaknesses to improve students’ knowledge. This provides teachers with various ways to assess their students more frequently through observations and informal assessments to understand the student’s comprehension level of the lesson material. It will help the teachers to strive to improve her test scores by adapting lesson materials to the needs of each
Children at the end of the programs show poor levels of achievement after the basic knowledge of the national stander testing, without taking into account the improvement of children in the social and intellectual maturity. If we analyze for a moment that determination of a national program taken from a test, our consideration could leave a hole in the study of the universe whether including or not how far it reaches the whole program of Head Start. An example: can be interesting point is the behavior of children at the beginning of the program who showed high levels of aggressiveness and shyness, and at the end of the program their behavior improved socially, participative, and cooperative, these will help the cognitive development at the end o
I incorporate this learned experience daily and learn through each success and discovered area of improvement. Addressing my students needs using a variety of assessment tools has been a beneficial practice to help guide instruction. Students have different learning styles and their strengths and weaknesses are not always apparent using the same methods of assessment. Utilizing formative, standards(goal)-based, anecdotal, observational and benchmarks has driven my instructional programs. The combination of different assessments provides me with a multi-dynamic perspective of my students allowing me to better understand their strengths, weakness and academic needs.
Teachers use formative assessments which can be formal and informal within learning to review the child’s induvial needs and to be able to adapt their teaching techniques when planning lessons or activities to meet the needs of induvial children to improve within their learning and develop. Teachers in each year group would then assess this information with subject leaders to make sure they record and maintain induvial progress. The assessments can be used to give feedback to the children or young people, so they can understand and develop on their work and to give parents or carers feedback on their child’s learning and the level they are working at. formal/informal assessments are carried out by the teachers using assessment strategies such
• What are the strengths of this assessment tool? This assessment allows for a more individualized approach to planning for specific children, while providing support to all. Using observation and anecdotal assessments provides multiple opportunities to view children learning and provides a more realistic view of their learning than an assessment, which only allows for right or wrong answers. •