This is a system where government and markets play a role in the economy. Mostly, the government plays a limited role. The government passes regulations and laws to correct market failures and promote social welfare. Socialism and Capitalism While a capitalist economy allows private sectors to own the means of production, socialism goes the opposite way. In a socialist economy, all business properties are state owned.
An economy is one of the strong forces to balance the standard of living and political power, so it is important to understand how an economy functions. An economic system is defined as a group of people following the same principle to facilitate economic activities with identical purposes. Capitalism and Socialism are types of economic systems which provide effective methods to organize markets. However, Capitalism is a better form in terms of authorities, price control, and competition. First of all, the primary area Capitalism and Socialism are different is an authority to control the cost and an amount of products.
In addition, the government cannot intervene in any economic activity but only maintain law and order in the country. Capitalism also provides many incentives to consumers, producers and owners of economic resources to use the resources available to them as soon as possible. This situation is considered as economic efficiency because it refers to the full utilization of factors of production. According to Jain and Khanna (2006), mixed economic system is a synthesis of characteristics of both capitalism and socialism. Mixed economy has two main focused which are social welfare and government interference in economic activities.
Capitalism is normally characterized by struggle between producers. Other facets, such as the contribution of government in production and ruling, vary across models of capitalism. Advantages a. Economic liberty helps political autonomy. If governments own the means of manufacture and set prices, it perpetually leads to a powerful state and creates a large administration which may extend into other areas of life.
Capitalism or Free enterprise system is an economic system featured by no interference from government and private ownership. Nowadays, there is no country which fully operates capitalism but in some countries, especially, developed countries, such as United States, United Kingdom and Japan employ this economic system (Yourdictionary), so they are usually considered to be the capitalist countries. However, there are several negative attitudes towards capitalism. For example, citizens tend to understand that capitalism always generates different wealth and income (Economicshelp). Moreover, a capitalist is viewed as an avaricious person who tries only to exploit profit from the consumers.
In the more developed regions of the world such as the United States, the United Nations and some of the Asian Countries, the form of economy there is Capitalism. Capitalism allows business owners to expand as much as they like since businesses are privately owned and the government have little to no influence on them. To the rich, capitalism is great, it allows them to be as rich as they want, but to the poor, capitalism only makes them poorer, it creates a disparity in social class system, and the varying changes in employment rate as a result of monopolization. Capitalism, due to monopolization makes the poor stay poor. To elaborate: a monopoly is when a person or a group owns the majority of the supply for the public.
The types of capitalism are as follows: 1. Turbo Capitalism, which refers to a free form of capitalism with no regulation for banking and financial systems, privatisation and lower taxes on individuals that earn a higher income. this led to a rising gap of income inequality and also played a key role in the unsustainable credit bubble of 2001-2007 thus it is referred to as unrestrained capitalism or free market capitalism 2. Responsible Capitalism is, broadly speaking a free market economy, however a level of government regulation
Market capitalism is based on the ideas that occur because of profit incentive. The emergence of new ideas such as television, radio, and the internet have influenced the way in which business is being done. The government has a role to play in helping to establish and promote an equally competitive playing field in the capital markets. It is its responsibility to ensure that businesses are ethically and fairly operating in agreement with the relevant laws to promote society’s growth. In the United States, the government, to protect consumers from business practices that can cause harm to the society, has established the FDA and the CDC.