We learned that good reasoning, or logical reasoning, is the process of forming conclusions, judgements or inferences from facts or premises. The way we reason effects our ability to inform our conscience. We must ensure that our reasoning is not based on prejudices or stereotypes, and we must be autonomous thinkers. We can do this by informing our conscience and searching for the right thing and most loving thing to do when deciding what to believe and do. We learned that good reasoning is important because
The humanistic perspective of personality was theorised by Abraham Maslow who created the Hierarchy of Needs to represent two areas of needs an individual must achieve in order to reach self-actualisation. The two groups are divided by their importance; first is our deficiency needs, separated into four lower levels which are physiological, safety and security, belonging and love, and our esteem needs. The growth needs can only be reached once we have achieved all of our deficiency needs and we have not reverted back a step in our search for self-actualisation. The growth needs Maslow stated are understanding, aesthetic, self-actualisation, transcendence. Carl Rogers, another psychological theorist, originally stated that achievement of self-actualisation
Also, the unique or truly exceptional must be treated separately and logically. He further states that if the problem is wrongly classified at this stage, then the decision will inevitably go wrong. Basically, know the problem you’re solving. He further, suggests that boundary conditions must be distinctly identified stating what the decision must achieve, what is the smallest amount of goals it has to achieve. Drucker additionally, proposes that a common problem in decision making is not necessarily the incorrect decision, but a situation when the boundary conditions alter while the decision is being applied.
He heavily relies on the idea of self. In other words, our experience would reflect of our own morals. Also, the results of our experience and our judgment are supposed to help us differentiate right and wrong. An argument used to justify evil is co-creating. Walsch’s theodicy addresses an answer to natural evils.
In this sense, what we know is that morals can be understood as interpretations insofar as they are a becoming master within the organic world. Crucially, in the preface to GM Nietzsche ascribes his interest in morality to a ‘[…] fundamental will of knowledge […].’ (GM p:2-3) Thus, I believe that it is fair to say that he understands the genealogical process as an expression of his instinctual life. Hence, at least on this point genealogy and morals are analogous phenomena. But if every process in the organic world – this including the manifestations of our instinctual life – is a subduing and a becoming master, this means that genealogy is an interpretation of an interpretation – or, a becoming master of a becoming master. In other words, genealogy is the process through which one can subdue a certain set of values by investigating its Herkunft and Enstehung, thereby giving an interpretation of it on the ground of its pre-moral origins.
However, Schechtman feels the understanding of persistence is unsatisfactory. “The alternative development of the Lockean view I suggest adds to the recognition of the importance of memory and brute self-consciousness a recognition of the importance of being intelligible to ourselves.”
Herewith we look into the structure of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and use examples of personal experiences to explain how, through communication, I have how come to satisfy most of these needs. 2. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs In 1943, Maslow created a basic
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. This theory lies on the premise that people can rarely achieve their full potential without having met their basic needs; if the target population lacks of basic needs, any intervention that does not address this particular issue will fail. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is based on the physiological and psychological needs. Once these needs are covered, we will be able to engage someone to change habits in order to achieve our goals. It is highly important to recognize the target population and their basic needs.
Humanistic psychologist Abraham Maslow put forward his theory of the hierarchy of needs through the shape of a pyramid. He suggested that each step in this pyramid became of importance when the needs of an individual are not met. To progress upwards in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs one has to meet each level to a satisfactory standard and when this is happens he claims that a person has reached a point of self-actualisation. All the necessities he mentioned had to be met before this could be realised however. He believed that everyone was capable of attaining self-actualisation but unfortunate life experiences do disrupt a person’s progress and they can go up and down the pyramid when these unlucky moments present themselves in life (ClassNotes, 2014).