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|Franklin Delano Roosevelt 32nd President of the United States (March 4, 1933 to April 12, 1945) Nickname: “FDR” Born: January 30, 1882, in Hyde Park, New York Died: April 12, 1945, in Warm Springs, Georgia|
Father: James Roosevelt Mother: Sara Delano Roosevelt Married: Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962), on March 17, 1905 Children: Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (1906-75); James Roosevelt (1907-91); Elliott Roosevelt (1910-90); Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr. (1914-88); John Aspinwall Roosevelt (1916-81) Religion: Episcopalian Education: Graduated from Harvard College (1903); Attended Columbia Law School Occupation: Public official, lawyer Political Party: Democrat Other Government Positions:
- Member of New York State Legislature, 1911-13
- Assistant Secretary of the Navy, 1913-20
- Governor of New York, 1929-33
Presidential Salary: $75,000/year
|Year||Popular Votes||Electoral Votes|
|1932||Franklin D. Roosevelt||22,809,638||472|
|Herbert C. Hoover||15,758,901||59|
|1936||Franklin D. Roosevelt||27,752,869||523|
|Alfred M. Landon||16,674,665||8|
|1940||Franklin D. Roosevelt||27,307,819||449|
|Wendell L. Willkie||22,321,018||82|
|1944||Franklin D. Roosevelt||25,606,585||432|
|Thomas E. Dewey||22,014,745||99|
Vice President: John N. Garner (1933-41); Henry A. Wallace (1941-45); Harry S. Truman (1945) Cabinet:
- Secretary of State
- Cordell Hull (1933-44)
- Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. (1944-45)
- Secretary of the Treasury
- William H. Woodin (1933-34)
- Henry Morgenthau, Jr. (1934-45)
- Secretary of War
- George H. Dern (1933-36)
- Harry H. Woodring (1937-40)
- Henry L. Stimson (1940-45)
- Attorney General
- Homer S. Cummings (1933-39)
- Frank Murphy (1939-40)
- Robert H. Jackson (1940-41)
- Francis B. Biddle (1941-45)
- Postmaster General
- James A. Farley (1933-40)
- Frank C. Walker (1940-45)
- Secretary of the Navy
- Claude A. Swanson (1933-39)
- Charles Edison (1940)
- Frank Knox (1940-44)
- James V. Forrestal (1944-45)
- Secretary of the Interior
- Harold L. Ickes (1933-45)
- Secretary of Agriculture
- Henry A. Wallace (1933-40)
- Claude R. Wickard (1940-45)
- Secretary of Commerce
- Daniel C. Roper (1933-38)
- Harry L. Hopkins (1939-40)
- Jesse H. Jones (1940-45)
- Henry A. Wallace (1945)
- Secretary of Labor
- Frances Perkins (1933-1945)
Supreme Court Appointments:
- Chief Justice
- Harlan Fiske Stone (1941-46)
- Associate Justice
- Hugo Lafayette Black (1937-71)
- Stanley Forman Reed (1938-57)
- Felix Frankfurter (1939-62)
- William Orville Douglas (1939-75)
- Frank Murphy (1940-49)
- James Francis Byrnes (1941-42)
- Robert Houghwout Jackson (1941-54)
- Wiley Blount Rutledge (1943-49)
- Initiation of economic relief programs known as the “New Deal”.
- World War II
- Franklin D. Roosevelt — from The Presidents of the United States of America
- Compiled by the White House.
- Franklin D. Roosevelt — from American Presidents: Life Portraits — C-SPAN
- Biographical information, trivia, key events, video, and other reference materials. Website created to accompany C-SPAN’s 20th Anniversary Television Series, American Presidents: Life Portraits.
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt — from U.S. Presidents
- From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.
- Franklin D. Roosevelt — from the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library and Museum
- A biography written by the staff of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library.
- Franklin D. Roosevelt — from Character Above All
- From a PBS broadcast by the same name, this essay excerpt by Doris Kearns Goodwin discusses some of the issues and events that molded Roosevelt.
- First Inaugural Address (1933)
- Second Inaugural Address (1937)
- Third Inaugural Address (1941)
- Fourth Inaugural Address (1945)
- Fireside Chats (1933-44)
- Four Freedom’s Speech (1941)
- Atlantic Charter (1941)
- Declaration of War on Japan (1941)
- Declaration of War on Germany, Japan, and Italy
- Statement on North African Policy (1942)
- Yalta Conference Agreements (1945)
- From his 1941 inaugural address where he speaks of an enduring democracy: “Put away many evil things…” (1:10)
- MP3 (552K)
- From the Vincent Voice Library at Michigan State University.
- “Americanism” from the 1920 election campaign
- From the Library of Congress Voices of the Presidential Election of 1920.
- Audio & Video
- The American Presidency Project’s Presidential Audio/Video Archive for Franklin D. Roosevelt
- Other Internet Resources:
- Exhibitions: 1934: A New Deal for Artists–from Smithsonian American Art Museum
- An online exhibit of artworks created for the Public Works of Art Program created by President Roosevelt. Includes information about the “New Deal” and the arts program, in addition to images and links.
- Franklin D. Roosevelt Library and Museum
- Tourist information along with history, genealogy, and documents of the former president. Located in Hyde Park, New York.
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial
- Located in Washington, D.C., This site had tourist information, insight into the design of the memorial, and the text of the inscriptions throughout the memorial.
- Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site
- Tourist information on Roosevelt’s Hyde Park, New York birthplace and boyhood home. Includes information about FDR and links to other Roosevelt tourist spots.
- Roosevelt Campobello International Park
- Located in New Brunswick, Canada, this international park is maintained equally by the U.S. and Canada. Roosevelt vacationed here often, fishing, hiking and sailing. Visitor information is available.
- USS Potomac – The Presidential Yacht Potomac
- Tourist information on FDR’s “Floating White House,” which is now located in Oakland, California.
Previous President: Herbert Clark Hoover | Next President: Harry S. Truman
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