Unfortunately, many tend to think about the art and science of nursing to be two distinct components of practice. However, thousands of years ago during Aristotle’s time, art and science were combined within the general concept of philosophy of science (Holzemer 2006). The science of nursing includes theoretical concepts, scientific research and the application of this with skills and critical thinking. The art of nursing is complex and requires a conscious commitment to purposeful efforts to include caring behaviors during each nurse-patient interaction (Jasmine 2009). Both are required for effective and safe nursing.
Philosophy is a science that comprises of logic, ethics, aesthetics, metaphysics and theory of knowledge. Until the nurse has knowledge of self, it is difficult to state beliefs to guide nursing practice. Several concepts must be discussed in any nursing philosophy, these include human beings, health, illness, and nursing. . Now nurses have many roles, such as care takers, decision makers, advocates and teachers and they often assume several roles at the same time.
Many people think that psychology and nursing are different that psychology is not needed in the nursing field but psychology has a lot to do with nursing. Nursing is primarily assisting the patient of activities contributing to health or its recovery that they would perform unaided if they had the necessary strength, will or knowledge. Psychology is the study of behavior and mental processes. What do these two have in common, well they many things in common and couple differences. Psychology can be used to help nurses to understand the patient, and understand how they are feeling and also as a nurse, you can be able to understand the patient physically, emotionally, etc… Psychology plays a major role in nursing.
Sociology helped the society in finding positivism, and it inspired social reforms as well as make the community a better place for living for all the people (Allen, 2011). 5. Describe two benefits of studying sociology. The first benefit of studying sociology is to enable one to look more objectively at a society and how the society behaves and is guided by certain principles. It allows one to understand hoe the society fits together and the consequences that might arise when the community is affected by social change.
What the nurses are portrayed as does not match the actuality of the situation as nurses are always seem to be taken as a step beneath most of the medical hierarchy, simply lacking the authority or autonomous jurisdiction, or at the least their work being void of any scholarly approach. (Dominiak 2004). The last 3 decades of the 20th century and the first one of the 21st have been the most significant due to tremendous development in the field of nursing, 21st century, in particular, with respect to professionalization. Nightingale and Henderson have served the nursing field most evidently across boundaries, in respectively the 19th and the 20th century. Moreover, the nursing profession has further developed its academic credibility in the last few years, which has resulted in a variety of nursing levels, like bachelor, master and doctoral degrees.
The philosophy of nursing includes values that are a part of everyday life. This includes life outside of nursing. Philosophy is the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline. ("Vocabulary Dictionary," 2018) According to the state of Illinois, “nurses are an integral part of the team of health care professionals responsible for the treatment, safety, and recovery of moderately, acutely, chronically ill or injured people, health maintenance of the healthy, and treatment of life-threatening emergencies in a wide range of health care settings. Nurses may also be involved in medical and nursing research and education, and perform a wide range of non-clinical functions
A nurse must be able to perform activities like moving a patient, lifting heavy equipment, being on their feet for much of their shift, etc. The nursing profession can be very taxing on a person’s body and society as a whole is seeing the effects of this. Older nurses who have been in the field for a long time are no longer able to perform these tasks and it is causing them to change their area of expertise, or even leave their profession entirely. This has negatively impacted effective health care delivery and proper patient-centered care because these nurses are not able to effectively help their patients. Research shows that there are a large amount of nurses that are near or at the retirement age.
Philosophy of Nursing Introduction Nursing is a discipline that is guided by philosophical orientations that create a base for the development of nursing theories that translate into clinical practice. McEwen and Wills (2014) state, “rather than focus on solving problems or answering questions related to that discipline, the philosophy of a discipline studies the concepts that structure the thought process of that discipline with the intent of recognizing and revealing foundations and presuppositions” (p. 6). Nursing philosophy embodies knowledge acquisition and cultivates professionalism within the profession. Through philosophy, nurses have gained knowledge and have discovered the true value of nursing practice. The purpose of this paper is to describe how nursing’s philosophical foundations influence nursing practice and my personal philosophy.
Nursing research is an integral part of the scientific enterprise of improving the nation 's health. The growing body of nursing research provides a scientific basis for patient care and should be regularly used by the nation 's 2.5 million nurses. Most studies concern health behaviors, symptom management, and the improvement of patients ' and families ' experiences with illness, treatment, and disease prevention. Research