Consequentialist believe that morality is about producing the right overall consequences, and that the action brings about either happiness, freedom or survival of species. Utilitarianism is an example of consequentialism that maximizes utility (happiness). The difference between utilitarianism and consequentialism is that a utilitarian overlooks justice, as long as an utilitarian can maximize pleasure they would do whatever it takes. Consequentialist enjoy maximizing pleasure like a utilitarian, but they also take into account autonomy and justice. A consequentialist believes that determining good by measuring the outcome, if the good for all in the act is greater than the bad for all in the act, it is deemed morally good.
In the novel Mcteague, the naturalistic theme, economic hindrances plays a significant role throughout the story. Economic Hindrances are shown through the greed of many of the characters and is highlighted in the relationship between McTeague and Trina, Marcus’s jealousy, and Zerkow’s relationship with Maria. Greed overtook all of these character’s lives, ruining relationships, causing violent outbursts, and even ending lives. By the end of the novel it is evident that greed can take over someone’s life for the bad.
Africa is typically thought of as being a continent full of violence and revolution. This concept may have originated from the poor treatment of Africans by the rest of the world through colonization, forced labor in Africa, and the enslaving of Africans in other regions of the world. The danger and violence that stemmed from many countries gaining independence and experiencing political upheaval has been thwarted by peacekeeping efforts from outside agencies, like the United Nations. Africa has had a violent past, but only because of the exploitation by the Europeans, and eventually Americans. Ultimately, their ethnocentrism led to violence and the stereotype of danger in Africa.
Can people own something that they can’t see? Ownership -- the state of being in control or in possession of something -- can be tangible or intangible. The things people own have value, but in society, one’s value consists of more than just the material items he or she possesses. By owning innate moral and beneficial qualities, one can add tremendous value to society while improving his or her character. Ownership and control of anything --tangible or intangible-- often lead to striving for more of whatever one obtains.
The novel also raises the issue and impact of slavery on the natives. People are exploited so that the colonizers can build their riches. This is a predominant theme of colonization on a continent such as Africa, where individuals are vulnerable to the manipulation of the colonizers.
Document 3 states, “There are the exporters and manufacturers of certain goods used in the colonies. The makers of cotton and iron goods have been very much interested in imperialism.” This being said, the business owners could have become greedy and will more than likely take matters into their own hands to get more money, or to save money. If you have not caught on, i’m talking about slavery. The business owners would enslave people to gain more money, and to save money.
There are people who does not have money, does not have much knowledge, or does not have family. Hence, they consider wealth of money, knowledge, or family. Moreover, excellence is the same as wealth, it has different types such as beauty, genius, or power. Although people differently think about the word of excellence and the word of wealth, they usually consider that “excellence” is when an one person or an one thing is more beautiful, stronger, more intelligent, or more cunning than another the man or the object. However, Socrates who is wise philosopher means that “excellence” is something like goodness, and “wealth” is a money.
The Slave Trade was an awful stain on Western Civilization. The immorality of it is easy to understand and visceral. Sadly, it effects were even more consequential to the African people. Beyond the obvious evil of slavery, the Trade had an equally pernicious effect of sabotaging the African economy, and thus and leading to generations of
He believes that the pleasure or pain a person feels is directly related to whether or not the action was right or wrong (Bentham, 39). This means that an action is right when it causes the greatest pleasure for the person or group of people who are involved. If there is a group of people and a certain action would benefit the majority of them for good, then it would be considered to be the right action. On the other hand, if the action does not benefit the majority and only benefits a few, then it would be considered to be wrong. The ultimate goal of this theory is to bring happiness to those involved and to also prevent evil and unhappiness within the group (Bentham, 39).
Although multiple people believe that the conclusion is all that matters, the adventure will be memorable. The journey is more rewarding than the accomplishments. In contrast, multiple people believe the accomplishments are more rewarding because of a trophy or a special prize. Accomplishments make people feel pleasurable at the time, however, the experience
Sometimes a friend has views that either do not agree with our own, or appear to not even be consistent with each other. In the case of Sarah and Jamie, utilitarian ethical standpoints are brought into question. Utilitarianism is “the doctrine that the rightness of actions is to be judged by their consequences” (Shafer-Landau 78, 2015). It is a form of consequentialism that examines the consequences of actions, and if those actions produce happiness and pleasure (overall, not just for one person) and minimizes the amount of suffering, then that action is correct and morally right. Typically to determine this, one would perform the Happiness Calculus for actions A and B, and whichever one produced the greatest amount of pleasure is the action
An intrinsic value can be defined as the true value of something, as opposed to its book value. In other words, intrinsic values are deeper values that can be held dearly. Values are extremely crucial when it comes to nature and the environment. Intrinsic values can be applied to nature because many people, such as naturalists cherish the natural environments, while others do not. Some don’t view nature and its resources as precious because they are too busy thinking about what nature has to offer.
In his work, Tom Regan establishes the rights of animals used in scientific research. He argues that when animals are used as objects of experiment, they are not respected and their inherent value is not acknowledged. Having inherent value, as defined by Regan, is a state, in which a being is not just a vessel, but a being with a complex mental life. All who have inherent value are to have it equally.