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|Dwight David Eisenhower 34th President of the United States (January 20, 1953 to January 20, 1961) Nickname: “Ike” Born: October 14, 1890, in Denison, Texas Died: March 28, 1969, in Washington, D.C.|
Father: David Jacob Eisenhower Mother: Ida Elizabeth Stover Eisenhower Married: Mary “Mamie” Geneva Doud Eisenhower (1896-1979), on July 1, 1916 Children: Doud Dwight Eisenhower (1917-21); John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower (1922-2013) Religion: Presbyterian Education: Graduated from U.S. Military Academy, West Point, N.Y. (1915) Occupation: Soldier Political Party: Republican Other Government Positions:
Presidential Salary: $100,000/year + $50,000 expense account
|Year||Popular Votes||Electoral Votes|
|1952||Dwight D. Eisenhower||33,936,234||442|
|Adlai E. Stevenson||27,314,992||89|
|1956||Dwight D. Eisenhower||35,590,472||457|
|Adlai E. Stevenson||26,022,752||73|
|Walter B. Jones||1|
Vice President: Richard M. Nixon (1953-61) Cabinet:
- Secretary of State
- John Foster Dulles (1953-59)
- Christian A. Herter (1959-61)
- Secretary of the Treasury
- George M. Humphrey (1953-57)
- Robert B. Anderson (1957-61)
- Secretary of Defense
- Charles E. Wilson (1953-57)
- Neil H. McElroy (1957-59)
- Thomas S. Gates, Jr. (1960-61)
- Attorney General
- Herbert Brownell, Jr. (1953-57)
- William P. Rogers (1957-61)
- Postmaster General
- Arthur E. Summerfield (1953-61)
- Secretary of the Interior
- Douglas J. McKay (1953-56)
- Frederick A. Seaton (1956-61)
- Secretary of Agriculture
- Ezra Taft Benson (1953-61)
- Secretary of Commerce
- Sinclair Weeks (1953-58)
- Lewis Strauss (1958-59)
- Frederick H. Mueller (1959-60)
- Secretary of Labor
- Martin P. Durkin (1953)
- James P. Mitchell (1953-61)
- Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
- Oveta Culp Hobby (1953-55)
- Marion B. Folsom (1955-58)
- Arthur S. Flemming (1958-61)
Supreme Court Appointments:
- Chief Justice
- Earl Warren (1953-69)
- Associate Justice
- John Marshall Harlan (1955-71)
- William J. Brennan, Jr. (1956-90)
- Charles Evans Whittaker (1957-62)
- Potter Stewart (1958-81)
- Eisenhower Doctrine
- The Civil Rights Act of 1957 is enacted
- Federal troops are deployed to Little Rock, Arkansas
- The Soviet Union launches Sputnik
- Alaska becomes a state
- Internal political tensions in Lebanon escalates into an armed conflict attracting US military intervention
- Fidel Castro overthrows the Batista dictatorship in Cuba
- Civil Rights Act of 1960 enacted
- US relations with Cuba severed in January
- Dwight D. Eisenhower — from The Presidents of the United States of America
- Compiled by the White House.
- Dwight D. Eisenhower — from American Presidents: Life Portraits — C-SPAN
- Biographical information, trivia, key events, video, and other reference materials. Website created to accompany C-SPAN’s 20th Anniversary Television Series, American Presidents: Life Portraits.
- Dwight Eisenhower — from U.S. Presidents
- From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.
- Dwight D. Eisenhower — from Character Above All
- From a PBS broadcast by the same name, this essay excerpt by Stephen Ambrose discusses some of the issues and events that molded Eisenhower.
- From his 1953 inaugural address. (0:55)
- MP3 (433K)
- From the Vincent Voice Library at Michigan State University.
- A speech on the geopolitical considerations of the war in Indochina relative to France and the United States. (0:55)
- MP3 (871K)
- Eisenhower’s Presidential Farewell speech, more commonly known as his “Military / Industrial Complex” speech, it its entirety. (9:41)
- From The Dwight Eisenhower Presidential Library
- Audio & Video
- The American Presidency Project’s Presidential Audio/Video Archive for Dwight D. Eisenhower site
- Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library
- Information on the Abilene, Kansas library, along with biographical sketches of Eisenhower and his wife.
- Eisenhower National Historical Site
- Tourist information, history, a timeline of Eisenhower’s life, and quotations from Eisenhower. Maintained by the National Park Service.
- Dwight Eisenhower held the first ever televised presidential press conference in 1955.
- Eisenhower continued Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal programs, while criticizing Harry Truman’s Fair Deal ones.
- The Pearl Harbor bombings led Eisenhower to cancel a planned trip with his wife to visit his son John, who was a cadet at the time.
- Eisenhower commanded the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force in Europe from 1943 till the end of WWII.
- He was made the Chief of Staff of the US Army on his return to the US.
- Eisenhower was also the president of Columbia University from 1948-1953.
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