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Richard Milhous Nixon
37th President of the United States
Nickname: None listed.
Born: January 9, 1913, in Yorba Linda, California
Father: Francis Anthony Nixon
Mother: Hannah Milhous Nixon
Married: Thelma "Patricia" Catherine Ryan (1912-1993), on June 21, 1940
Children: Patricia Nixon (1946- ); Julie Nixon (1948- )
Religion: Society of Friends (Quaker)
Education: Graduated from Whittier College (1934) and Duke University Law School (1937)
Occupation: Lawyer, public official
Political Party: Republican
Other Government Positions:
- Attorney for U.S. Office of Emergency Management, 1942
- Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1947-51
- United States Senator, 1951-53
- Vice President, 1953-61 (under Eisenhower)
Presidential Salary: $200,000/year + $50,000 expense account
|Year||Popular Votes||Electoral Votes|
|1960||John F. Kennedy||34,226,731||303|
|Richard M. Nixon||34,108,157||219|
|1968||Richard M. Nixon||31,785,480||301|
|Hubert H. Humphrey||31,275,166||191|
|George C. Wallace||9,906,473||46|
|1972||Richard M. Nixon||41,167,319||520|
- Secretary of State
- William P. Rogers (1969-73)
- Henry A. Kissinger (1973-74)
- Secretary of the Treasury
- David M. Kennedy (1969-70)
- John B. Connally, Jr. (1971-72)
- George P. Schultz (1972-74)
- William E. Simon (1974)
- Secretary of Defense
- Melvin R. Laird (1969-72)
- Elliot L. Richardson (1973)
- James R. Schlesinger (1973-74)
- Attorney General
- John N. Mitchell (1969-72)
- Richard G. Kleindienst (1972-73)
- Elliot L. Richardson (1973)
- William B. Saxbe (1974)
- Postmaster General
- Winton M. Blount (1969-71)
- Secretary of the Interior
- Walter J. Hickel (1969-70)
- Rogers C. B. Morton (1971-74)
- Secretary of Agriculture
- Clifford M. Hardin (1969-71)
- Earl L. Butz (1971-74)
- Secretary of Commerce
- Maurice H. Stans (1969-72)
- Peter G. Peterson (1972)
- Frederick B. Dent (1973-74)
- Secretary of Labor
- George P. Schultz (1969-70)
- James D. Hodgson (1970-72)
- Peter J. Brennan (1973-74)
- Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
- Robert H. Finch (1969-70)
- Elliot L. Richardson (1970-73)
- Caspar W. Weinberger (1973-74)
- Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
- George W. Romney (1969-72)
- James T. Lynn (1973-74)
- Secretary of Transportation
- John A. Volpe (1969-73)
- Claude S. Brinegar (1973-74)
Supreme Court Appointments:
- Chief Justice
- Warren Earl Burger (1969-86)
- Associate Justice
- Harry A. Blackmun (1970-94)
- Lewis F. Powell, Jr. (1972-87)
- William H. Rehnquist (1972-86)
- Nixon resigned and was almost impeached over the Watergate Scandal, named for the burglaries at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington. D.C by men found to be connected to Nixon’s re-election campaign fundraising committee.
- The Pentagon Papers, a top-secret U.S. Dept. of Defense study, were leaked to The New York Times. This document showed that the Johnson administration had secretly been expanding U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, further hurting the credibility of the Nixon administration.
- The Nixon administration dramatically improved relations with China. Nixon made a public visit to China in February, 1972, following Secretary of State Henry Kissinger’s secret visit to China in October, 1971.
- Nixon was praised during his presidency for ending American Involvement in the Vietnam War.
- Richard M. Nixon — from The Presidents of the United States of America
- Compiled by the White House.
- Richard M. Nixon — from American Presidents: Life Portraits — C-SPAN
- Biographical information, trivia, key events, video, and other reference materials. Website created to accompany C-SPAN’s 20th Anniversary Television Series, American Presidents: Life Portraits.
- Richard Nixon — from The American President
- From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.
- Richard M. Nixon — from Character Above All
- From a PBS broadcast of the same name, this essay excerpt by Tom Wicker discusses some of the issues and events that molded Nixon.
- From his 1971 State of the Union address. (0:46)
- MP3 (366K)
- From the Vincent Voice Library at Michigan State University.
- Audio & Video
- The American Presidency Projects’s Presidential Audio/Video Archive for Richard M. Nixon site
- Richard Nixon Library & Birthplace Foundation
- "Nine acres of galleries, theaters, and gardens; the faithfully restored boyhood home of the nation’s 37th President; the resting place of the President and his First Lady; an innovative policy center to nurture their legacy." Located in Yorba Linda, California.
- Nixon Presidential Library & Museum
- Timelines, biographical information, and online exhibits about Nixon’s life and presidency. Also provides tourist information for the museum and information on the library’s collection.
- Nixon is the only U.S. President who resigned from office.
©1996-2008. Robert S. Summers. All rights reserved.