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POTUS: Presidents of the United States

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Portrait, Richard Milhous NixonRichard Milhous Nixon

37th President of the United States
(January 20, 1969 to August 8, 1974)

Nickname: None listed.

Born: January 9, 1913, in Yorba Linda, California
Died: April 22, 1994, in New York, New York

Father: Francis Anthony Nixon
Mother: Hannah Milhous Nixon
Married: Patricia Ryan Nixon (1912-1993), on June 21, 1940
Children: Patricia “Tricia” Nixon (1946- ); Julie Nixon (1948- )

Religion: Society of Friends (Quaker)
Education: Graduated from Whittier College (1934) and Duke University Law School (1937)
Occupation: Lawyer, public official
Political Party: Republican
Other Government Positions:

  • Attorney for U.S. Office of Emergency Management, 1942
  • Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1947-51
  • United States Senator, 1951-53
  • Vice President, 1953-61 (under tiny U.S. flag Eisenhower)

Presidential Salary: $200,000/year + $50,000 expense account

Presidential Election Results:
YearPopular VotesElectoral Votes
1960tiny U.S. flag John F. Kennedy34,226,731303
Richard M. Nixon34,108,157219
1968Richard M. Nixon31,785,480301
Hubert H. Humphrey31,275,166191
George C. Wallace9,906,47346
1972Richard M. Nixon41,167,319520
George McGovern29,168,50917
John Hospers1

Vice President: Spiro T. Agnew (1969-73); tiny U.S. flag Gerald R. Ford (1973-74)


Secretary of State
William P. Rogers (1969-73)
Henry A. Kissinger (1973-74)
Secretary of the Treasury
David M. Kennedy (1969-70)
John B. Connally, Jr. (1971-72)
George P. Schultz (1972-74)
William E. Simon (1974)
Secretary of Defense
Melvin R. Laird (1969-72)
Elliot L. Richardson (1973)
James R. Schlesinger (1973-74)
Attorney General
John N. Mitchell (1969-72)
Richard G. Kleindienst (1972-73)
Elliot L. Richardson (1973)
William B. Saxbe (1974)
Postmaster General
Winton M. Blount (1969-71)
Secretary of the Interior
Walter J. Hickel (1969-70)
Rogers C. B. Morton (1971-74)
Secretary of Agriculture
Clifford M. Hardin (1969-71)
Earl L. Butz (1971-74)
Secretary of Commerce
Maurice H. Stans (1969-72)
Peter G. Peterson (1972)
Frederick B. Dent (1973-74)
Secretary of Labor
George P. Schultz (1969-70)
James D. Hodgson (1970-72)
Peter J. Brennan (1973-74)
Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
Robert H. Finch (1969-70)
Elliot L. Richardson (1970-73)
Caspar W. Weinberger (1973-74)
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
George W. Romney (1969-72)
James T. Lynn (1973-74)
Secretary of Transportation
John A. Volpe (1969-73)
Claude S. Brinegar (1973-74)

Supreme Court Appointments:

Chief Justice
Warren Earl Burger (1969-86)
Associate Justice
Harry A. Blackmun (1970-94)
Lewis F. Powell, Jr. (1972-87)
William H. Rehnquist (1972-86)

Notable Events:

  • 1969
    • Plans to withdraw from Vietnam are announced.
    • Apollo 11 lands on the moon, and Neil Armstrong becomes the first human to step on the moon.
    • The Nixon Doctrine is announced.
  • 1970
  • 1971
    • Wire tapping systems are installed in the White House.
    • The Pentagon Papers, a top-secret U.S. Dept. of Defense study, is leaked to The New York Times. This document shows that the Johnson administration had secretly been expanding U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, further hurting the credibility of the Nixon administration.
    • Secretary of State Henry Kissinger makes a secret visit to China in an effort to improve diplomatic relations.
  • 1972
  • 1973
  • 1974
  • 1974
    • July 27: Three articles of impeachment against Nixon are brought by the House Judiciary Committee – obstruction of justice, abuse of power and the unconstitutional defiance of subpoenas.
    • August 5: Transcripts of tape recordings in which Nixon ordered a coverup are released.
    • August 8: Nixon resigns from the office of President of the the United States of America.

Internet Biographies:

Richard M. Nixon — from The Presidents of the United States of America
Compiled by the White House.
Richard M. Nixon — from American Presidents: Life Portraits — C-SPAN
Biographical information, trivia, key events, video, and other reference materials. Website created to accompany C-SPAN’s 20th Anniversary Television Series, American Presidents: Life Portraits.
Richard Nixon — from U.S. Presidents
From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.
Richard M. Nixon — from Character Above All
From a PBS broadcast of the same name, this essay excerpt by Tom Wicker discusses some of the issues and events that molded Nixon.

Historical Documents:

First Inaugural Address (1969)
Second Inaugural Address (1973)
Richard Nixon’s Resignation Letter and Gerald Ford’s Pardon (1974)

Media Resources:

From his 1971 State of the Union address. (0:46)
MP3 (366K)
From the Vincent Voice Library at Michigan State University.
Audio & Video
The American Presidency Project’s Presidential Audio/Video Archive for Richard M. Nixon site

Other Internet Resources:

Richard Nixon Library & Birthplace Foundation
“Nine acres of galleries, theaters, and gardens; the faithfully restored boyhood home of the nation’s 37th President; the resting place of the President and his First Lady; an innovative policy center to nurture their legacy.” Located in Yorba Linda, California.
Nixon Presidential Library & Museum
Timelines, biographical information, and online exhibits about Nixon’s life and presidency. Also provides tourist information for the museum and information on the library’s collection.

Points of Interest:

  • Richard Nixon is the only President in American history who resigned from office.
  • During World War II, Nixon served in the US Navy, and at its conclusion was promoted to Lieutenant Commander.
  • After losing the 1960 election to JFK, Richard Nixon ran for the post of Governor of California in 1962. However, he lost that race too.
  • First Lady Pat Nixon supported and encouraged volunteerism among the American people. She was the first First Lady to do so.

Previous President: tiny U.S. flag Lyndon Baines Johnson | Next President: tiny U.S. flag Gerald Rudolph Ford

©1996-2008. Robert S. Summers. All rights reserved.

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