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|James Earl Carter, Jr.
39th President of the United States
Born: October 1, 1924, in Plains, Georgia
Father: James Earl Carter
Mother: Lillian Gordy Carter
Married: Eleanor Rosalynn Smith Carter (1928- ), on July 7, 1946
Children: John William “Jack” Carter (1947- ); James Earl “Chip” Carter III (1950- ); Donnel Jeffrey “Jeff” Carter (1952- ); Amy Lynn Carter (1967- )
Education: Attended Georgia Southwestern State University (1942); Attended Georgia Institute of Technology (1943); Graduated from U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. (1946)
Occupation: Farmer, public official
Political Party: Democrat
Other Government Positions:
- Georgia State Senator, 1963-66
- Governor of Georgia, 1971-75
Presidential Salary: $200,000/year + $50,000 expense account
|Year||Popular Votes||Electoral Votes|
|1976||James E. Carter, Jr.||40,827,394||297|
|Gerald R. Ford||39,145,977||240|
|James E. Carter, Jr.||34,964,583||49|
|John B. Anderson||5,588,014|
Vice President: Walter F. Mondale (1977-81)
- Secretary of State
- Cyrus R. Vance (1977-80)
- Edmund S. Muskie (1980-81)
- Secretary of the Treasury
- W. Michael Blumenthal (1977-79)
- G. William Miller (1979-81)
- Secretary of Defense
- Harold Brown (1977-81)
- Attorney General
- Griffin B. Bell (1977-79)
- Benjamin R. Civiletti (1979-81)
- Secretary of the Interior
- Cecil D. Andrus (1977-81)
- Secretary of Agriculture
- Robert S. Bergland (1977-81)
- Secretary of Commerce
- Juanita M. Kreps (1977-79)
- Philip Klutznick (1979-81)
- Secretary of Labor
- F. Ray Marshall (1977-81)
- Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
- Joseph A. Califano, Jr. (1977-79)
- Patricia R. Harris (1979-80)
- Secretary of Health and Human Services
- Patricia R. Harris (1980-81)
- Secretary of Education
- Shirley Hufstedler (1980-81)
- Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
- Patricia R. Harris (1977-79)
- Moon Landrieu (1979-81)
- Secretary of Transportation
- Brock Adams (1977-79)
- Neil E. Goldschmidt (1979-81)
- Secretary of Energy
- James R. Schlesinger (1977-79)
- Charles W. Duncan, Jr. (1979-81)
- The Emergency Natural Gas Act is passed.
- The Camp David Accords are signed, the first significant peace deal in the Middle East crisis.
- The US grants China full diplomatic status.
- SALT II is signed by the US and the USSR.
- President Carter delivers the ‘Crisis of Confidence’ speech.
- The Department of Education is created.
- The US embassy in Tehran is stormed, and all those inside are taken hostage.
- The Soviet Union invades Afghanistan.
- The Carter Doctrine is introduced during the State of the Union address.
- President Carter announces that the economy is in recession.
- The Moscow Summer Olympics are boycotted by the US to protest the invasion of Afghanistan.
- ‘Operation Eagle Claw’, an attempt to rescue the Tehran embassy hostages, fails.
- The Algiers Accords bring an end to the hostage crisis.
- Jimmy Carter — from The Presidents of the United States of America
- Compiled by the White House.
- Jimmy Carter — from American Presidents: Life Portraits — C-SPAN
- Biographical information, trivia, key events, video, and other reference materials. Website created to accompany C-SPAN’s 20th Anniversary Television Series, American Presidents: Life Portraits.
- Jimmy Carter — from U.S. Presidents
- From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.
- Jimmy Carter — from the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library
- A brief overview of Carter’s life, including publications and family history.
- Jimmy Carter — from Character Above All
- From a PBS broadcast of the same name, this essay excerpt by Hendrik Hertzberg discusses some of the issues and events that molded Carter.
- James Earl Carter — from From Revolution to Reconstruction
- An brief examination of the Carter presidency’s highlights and lowlights.
- Inaugural Address (1977)
- Framework of Peace in the Middle East (1978)
- Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty Between Egypt and Israel (1978)
- From his 1979 State of the Union address: “Will our children (in the 21st century) enjoy a better quality of life?” (0:57)
- MP3 (455K)
- From the Vincent Voice Library at Michigan State University.
- Audio & Video
- The American Presidency Project’s Presidential Audio/Video Archive for Jimmy Carter site
- Carter Center
- A public policy institute founded by Carter in 1982. Located in Atlanta, Georgia, interviews, speeches, and opinions by Mr. and Mrs. Carter, as well as news, programs, and tour information are available.
- Jimmy Carter National Historic Site
- Tourist information on the Carter residence, boyhood home, high school and visitor center in Plains, Georgia.
- Jimmy Carter was the president in 1977 when the Trans-Alaska pipeline was completed and began operations. This came at a time when America was experiencing an oil and energy crisis resulting from the OPEC oil embargo of the early 1970’s.
- In 1979, 32 solar panels were installed at the White House. This was one of the initiatives taken by President Carter to persuade Americans to turn towards renewable sources of energy. The panels were taken down by the next administration.
- In 1982, Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter established the Carter Center with the aim of advancing human rights and alleviating human suffering.
- In 2002, he was awarded the Nobel Prize “for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development”. He is the third US president to receive this honor.
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