There are many pros and cons of the atomic bombs. Some meaning of the pros would be that it saved many lives(that is only one of them). And the meaning of the cons would be an example of starvation. In all. The US wanted to use the atomic bombs to force Japan’s surrender as quickly as possible
This devastating event has led to the debate between whether or not bombarding Japan with atomic bombs was truly justified. Through thorough analysis of reasons for the dropping of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs and evidence proving the decision unnecessary, it was determined that the use of the atomic bombs was justified to a small extent. One could argue that the decision to attack the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki with atomic bombs was necessary. The bombs had to be dropped in order to achieve American victory and prevent casualties in America and Japan. The goals of bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki was to gain victory with the least amount of American casualties as possible.
Another reason why the atomic bomb was justified was because Japan was going too far with their attacks towards many countries and they were undefeatable. The only way for World War II to end was to get Japan to surrender. And the way that America decided to do so was to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, hoping for surrender from Japan. America would have obviously used the bomb, because they had around 5 billion dollars developing the bomb, so it would just go to waste if they did not use
The alternative for President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his advisors was doing nothing and letting Nazi Germany develop atomic power and going on to use it to conquer the world. The United States of America wanted to end World War II on both the Atlantic and Pacific fronts and needed the quickest possible method to do so. Franklin D. Roosevelt’s advisors concluded that hundreds of thousands of American lives would be lost on an assault on the island of Japan. The U.S. Armed Forces was over 16,000,000 strong and Franklin D. Roosevelt’s main motive for dropping the atom bombs was to save American lives.5 The fact of the matter is World War II was started by the Axis powers which were Germany, Italy and Japan. The Axis powers alone turned Europe upside down.
On July 26, 1945, Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender (Potsdam Declaration) was presented by the President of the United States, the President of the National Government of the Republic of China, and the Prime Minister of Great Britain. This Potsdam Declaration was issued to give Japan a chance to terminate the war by making them accept it. Then, the leader of the Soviet Union later signed the Potsdam Proclamation and decided to join the war. Although Japanese leaders had already knew that they would not achieve a victory in this war, they did not confirm the declaration until atomic bombs were dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the United States and ended up accepting the unconditional surrender on August 15th of the same year. Despite of their circumstances, they did not want to surrender as it was regarded as a political act and it was not same as defeat (Hasegawa 2005).
The War in Germany was over, and fighting continued only throughout the Pacific Islands, where American troops were “island hopping” frenziedly in an effort to finally vanquish the Japanese. The Japanese tactics were simple; they did not cease fighting until they won, and their Kamikazes, the original suicide bombers, sunk hundreds of American ships. The United States, tired of incessant violence, issued the Potsdam Declaration, which outlined the consequences that the Japanese would face should they refuse to surrender, it however was ignored. Meanwhile, just months after the European theater of the war ended, the infamous atomic weapons had been completed and were ready for use. Everything was coming to the end.
It was not to end the war. We are often taught that the use of the atomic bomb was necessary to end the war with Japan at the earliest possible moment, but judging by the statements of many high ranking political and military personnel, this is simply not the case. "The Japanese were ready to surrender and it wasn 't necessary to hit them with that awful thing ... I hated to see our country be the first to use such a weapon,"Eisenhower said in 1963. On September 9, 1945, Admiral William F. Halsey, commander of the Third Fleet, was publicly quoted as stating that the atomic bomb was used because the scientists had a “toy and they wanted to try it out…” He further stated that “the first atomic bomb was an unnecessary experiment” and that it was“a mistake to ever drop it.” By all the evidence and information we have above, it shows us that to end the WWII is not really the reason for U.S. to drop that bombs on Japan.
And when we did drop this bomb we made a statement not only to Japan but the world that we are not afraid to do what we have to do to protect our homeland and defeat our enemies. War is not a pretty thing and you don 't worry about other people’s feelings especially when they are the enemy, it needed to be done because we needed to end the war and save our American troops lives and give them what they deserved from Pearl Harbour. • They had warnings. It wasn 't a direct warning that the US was going to bomb, but there was a statement warning telling Japan to surrender while the bomb was still being talked about. Japan didn 't surrender.
One of the main reasons that America finally joined the war is because of Japan and their attack on Pearl Harbor, after America was thrust into WWII everyday life changed all across the country. The American people had no desire to join WWII, we had just pulled out of The Great Depression and WWI and we didn't want anymore troubling times. We had lost many American Troops during WWI and we were just recovering from The Great Depression.
Ethically, and politically, there are reasons to why the US should, and should not apologise for the decision made in 1945. Ethically speaking, the dropping of the nuclear weapon onto the two cities is contrary to jus in bello - justice in war. In Walzer’s text Just and Unjust Wars , it says that the Japanese “never posed such a threat to peace and freedom as the Nazis had”, on creating and using an atomic bomb as a weapon. This means that the Americans have attacked a country that never threatened to use an atomic bomb, which violates Wink’s idea of the “just cause”. Furthermore, the destruction at both Hiroshima and Nagasaki either killed or wounded thousands of non-combatant civilians, whose rights were taken away.