As stated in document A, President Truman believed that it was his duty as president to use every weapon available to save American lives. By making the decision to employ atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, it successfully brought an end to World War II. Now, while these bombs did ultimately spare thousands of American lives, it did also put an end to about 200,000 lives as shown in document E. Document A stated that Admiral William Leahy, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, opposed using the bomb because it killed civilians indiscriminately. He believed that an economic blockade and conventional bombing would convince Japan to surrender. As an opposite end of the spectrum though Truman’s advisor, James Byrnes thought that the use of “the A-bombs would not only cause Japan to surrender, but also impress the Soviet Union, and hopefully stop its expansion” (Doc C).
The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki happened during World War II. World War II was coming to a close and the Japanese were holding on to what little land they had claimed. Meanwhile allowing their people and the people in the surrounding countries to starve. This is because the Japanese would not have surrendered without the bombings, there would have been more Asian civilian casualties had the war gone on, and finally that the Invasion of Japan would have resulted in more American casualties. The evidence clearly shown through historical documents will justify that the bombings were catastrophic and caused many civilian casualties, but was necessary to end World War II.
The United States was strategic on every level. They constructed Boeing B-29 “Superfortress” bombers, to transport and release their colossal mechanisms (Document F). America had no second chance. If the plan were to fail, Japan would revolt with more power than America could imagine; and, by using these air force “super-bombers”, America was one step closer to ending the crusade against Japan. When the first bomb dropped on Hiroshima, The Enola Gay (a Boeing bomber) observed the smoke, as it engulfed the city within seconds, consuming Japanese supplies, building, and unfortunately people (Document G).
While the U.S. troops were weary, the Japanese showed no signs of backing down. Truman knew he needed to protect his troops and citizens before anyone else. He made the decision to drop the atomic bomb on Japan. Before they dropped the bomb, the demanded that Japan would immediately surrender. The warned the Japanese that refusal of this would result in total destruction.
A “Nuclear Bomb” is a weapon of mass destruction that can lead to many disadvantages but at the same time many advantages. If you were to be a person that hosts a Nuclear Bomb and you possibly decide to release it, other countries will come against you and fire back, so basically, all the countries that have these weapons know that if they fire, others will fire too and that can be useful. Some even believe that the Second World War ended earlier than it should've when they used a Nuclear Bomb against Japan. "It is impossible to win a nuclear war, and both sides realized that maybe for the first time." - Fyodor Burlatsky (USSR) A Gamma Ray is an electromagnetic wave with a high frequency and a low wavelength which explains why it emits a high
This attack was a turning point for the United States because this was one factor that brought them into World War II to fight against the Axis Powers. In conclusion, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because of their nationalist mentality, America’s embargo of oil to Japan and fearing that the United States will attack them first. The first reason why Japan had attacked Pearl Harbor was because the Japanese had nationalistic and narcissistic political mentality. The Japanese believed the Yamato race was a superior race to the other Asian race(Document A). They also believed they will become the “new order” once Europe and America crumble and become the “old orders”(Document A).
Japan was weakening, “The food situation gradually becoming worse and worse…” Stated in source H. America had many industrial resources to use against Japan and so Japan had essentially been defeated. Japan pushed only for the sake of their countries honour as the shame of unconditional surrender goes against their code of honour. Furthermore a warning was given to Japan with America promising to drop the atomic bomb, however there was no evidence and so it could have easily been deemed a bluff. An American nuclear scientist stated, “A demonstration of the bomb best be made… Japan could then be asked to surrender.” This source seems somewhat reliable as it is from one of the American scientists and they would know the strength of the bomb. With a demonstration it would for one, give the Japanese proof of the bomb and two, show them how destructive the bomb is.
Last, but most important is political.A quote that supports my causal factor for political is on page 13 is, “ Meanwhile tremendous political pressure was put upon President Roosevelt by Californians an their congressmen to intern all Japanese Americans.”The way this quote showed political is because they are talking about putting all Japanese Americans intern which also says political pressure on the president so that kinda gives it away.Another quote that supports the political causal factor is on page 18, “Congressmen passes the Immigration Act 1924 effectively ending all Japanese immigration to the U.S.” The way this quote supports my causal factor for political is because the now banned Japanese immigrants because I think America was scared the Japanese some info from America an what weapons they had and what were their plans to do a war or not. That is how it was back then, when war was, when the Pearl Harbor happened. The reason why political is more important than economical, and cultural is because there is more evidence that the causal factor is Political.If not for political this probably would have not happened, like if the American did not stop giving the Japanese supplies.Well it can help us by checking if people are spying, before we put them in an internment
America was left out of the war until then leaving only America to defeat or join forces with. Japan 's idea was to weaken the U.S. and leave them with no choice except to surrender. America was “easy pickings” for Japan, due to Germany finishing of Great Britain and leaving half of Russia and America to deal with. It was meant to be the end of the war many cities in ruins over the rule of the Nazi and Japanese armies that were almost unstoppable. In spite of Japan 's doings which in fact lead us into participating in the war the Pearl Harbor attack did indeed change America’s history.
The alternative for President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his advisors was doing nothing and letting Nazi Germany develop atomic power and going on to use it to conquer the world. The United States of America wanted to end World War II on both the Atlantic and Pacific fronts and needed the quickest possible method to do so. Franklin D. Roosevelt’s advisors concluded that hundreds of thousands of American lives would be lost on an assault on the island of Japan. The U.S. Armed Forces was over 16,000,000 strong and Franklin D. Roosevelt’s main motive for dropping the atom bombs was to save American lives.5 The fact of the matter is World War II was started by the Axis powers which were Germany, Italy and Japan. The Axis powers alone turned Europe upside down.