The main objectives in chapter 9 include the ways media attempt to influence people’s attitudes, beliefs, and/or behavior, ways media technology can be disruptive and have adverse effects on behavior, the positive and negative influences of certain kinds of media, such as advertisements or reality television programs, on self-image. Even though media is a great outlet, media has changed our generation causing effects on self-image and human interactions. Because of its pervasiveness in American culture, the media affects people in both obvious and subtle ways. Modern media comes in many different formats, including newspapers, magazines, television, social media, etc.
These messages define individuals as it tells them how one should look, what they should buy and what they should know. Mass media’s influence on society is extensive and the censorship, bias and subliminal messages decides an individual’s lifestyle and political
Media are platforms of mass communication that can be categorized as either new of traditional media, with new media being forms of communication that make use of technologies such as the Internet, and traditional media being more conventional forms of media such as newspapers. Media, primarily new media, is getting more popular and influential, especially in today’s day and age since we are exposed to it a lot more than in the past and also since media is more easily accessible now. The media can shape our behaviours, perceptions and opinions, and it is important to know how people are influenced and impacted by it. The media can influence someone’s perception of social reality, or perceptions of beauty or even influence people’s behaviours and habits and therefore, the media does shape who we are. One way that the media can shape who we are is by influencing our perception of social reality.
Media are everywhere, from newspaper to cinema. General public are influencing by reading news or watching movies. Media is a powerful weapon to change people’s minds. The more people read or watch, their beliefs, views, opinions will be affected. Racial representation in media has developed the views of society toward different nationalities, religious and coloured skin human.
The theory explains “how individuals use mass communication to gratify their needs” (Burgeon, Hunsaker and Dawson, 1994, cited in Udende and Azeez, 2010, p. 34). The theory holds that “people influence the effects that mass media have on them” (Anaeto et al, 2008 cited in Edegoh, Asemah and Nwammuo, 2013, p. 23). The assumption of the theory is that people are not just passive receivers of media messages; rather, they actively influence the message effects. Media audience selectively choose, attend to, perceive and retain media offerings on the basis of their needs, beliefs, etc., thus, “there are as many reasons for using the media as there are media users”
Uses & Gratifications and the Reality Television context. Blumler and Katz’s ‘Uses and Gratification theory’ (1974) suggests that media users play an active role in choosing and using the media. This theory shifted the focus from what media do to the people to what people do with the media, thus it’s an audience centric theory. It examines the nature of audience involvement and gratification obtained from viewing the television.
The argument can be made that, instead of appealing to the lowest common denominator in the public, at least some media should give the more informed and critical segment of the people what it wants (Lazere 305). The people are considered to be the largest segment of the audience and that should be enough evidence for the media members to make the news tailor made for the viewing public. When confronted with said evidence, most media members blame it on education. “One professional consultant who pioneered these formats justified them by claiming, “People who watch television the most are unread, uneducated, untraveled and unable to concentrate on single subjects more than a minute or two.” (Lazere 306).
Media has played a pronounced role in distributing information over time on various issues that are affecting citizens worldwide. The various types of media include television, radio and newspapers which reach a large number of people with various biases and preferences within a short period of time. Deviant behavior has become rampant in society today as many young and old people are deviating from the usual due to the common structural differences in society that range from economic, health, faith and social cults. To curb the deviant behavior observed in society, the media educates the people on the impacts of their behavior. At the same time, it informs the person who is not aware of the happenings in the community.
The wellsprings of the media picked are unmistakable. As Jay Blumler brings up in his book The Use of Mass Communication, where he asserts that studies have demonstrated that crowd satisfactions can be gotten from no less than three particular sources: media content, introduction to the media in essence, and social connection that encapsulates the circumstance of presentation to various media (Blumler 1974). It is clear that groups of viewers invest energy utilizing the media as a part of different ways. Whether they are killing time or utilizing it as a social instrument, every medium is novel in its motivation.
Over the years, technologies have been gradually advancing and have played an important role in today’s fast growing societies. It has become a major factor in the society as people are depending on it to accomplish specific tasks. For example, schools are using these technologies as an alternative way of teaching students. Business industries are using it to increase business efficiencies. Among all of the technologies, the one that has the most important aspect in people’s lives is the mass media. In general, the mass media simply means medium that gives out information. It consists of televisions, radios, newspapers and the internet. The societies rely on mass media for information, entertainments and even communications. People
Mass Media is refers to every medium or source which is used to connect and communicate with a large number of people at once. Mass media is communication whether written, broadcast, or spoken to reaches a large audience. This includes television, radio, advertising, movies, internet, newspapers, and magazines. Media help to correlate or co-ordinate various parts of the social system by gathering and disseminating valuable information. (Yeh. A , 2012) It acts as powerful agents of socialization by transmitting society’s cultural heritage and its basic system of norms and values. The message are primarily about reinforcing shared ideals such as justice, individualism, democracy and respect for the law. Media function as social control agents by gathering information, the media engage in surveillance of the social environment.
In this advance era, mass media plays a significant role towards all of us and we can truly admit that mass media is one of the basic essenssial that used by everyone in their daily life. Generally, mass media is a print and electronic means of communication that spreads messages to the audiences and carries out information to the people in the society. Mass media can be divided into two categories, which is the print media include like newspaper, magazines, and books. Another mass media is the electronic media include like radio, television, and internet which is used by most of the people nowadays. Media is one of the most influential aspects of our lives. This is because the content of mass media is very powerful and it has become a agent of socialization which can shape people’s behavior or even influence the ways of how people think.