Introduction: My topic is based on cloning the great debate and would it have an influence on humankind. I think it will have its benefits on the advancement in biotechnology; curing diseases and improving humans with disabilities but also, on the other hand, it can affect the true purpose of the evolution of humans. Cloning is the creation of a genetically identical copy of a human. This process is done by the reproduction of cells and DNA tissue from the human embryo. There are three different types of cloning that all have an affecting on the evolution of humankind.
Level of crop protection could be increased by the following methods: promote the ideas of resistance against plant diseases which caused by pests or viruses, and increase the tolerance of plants towards herbicides. By doing so, the use of pesticides could be greatly reduced and hence, reduce water pollution. These are achieved by incorporating into the plants the relevant genes. For instance, gene which responsible for toxin production, herbicides or virus resistance. As a result, there would be higher crop productions and greater food security.
Worldviews Genetic Engineering The term genetic engineering originally represented the techniques for modification or manipulation of organisms through the process of heredity and reproduction . Genetic engineering is also known as genetic modification and is the process of altering the DNA of a living organism. This could entail altering a base pair which can consist either deleting a section of DNA or presenting a duplicate of a gene. Genetic engineering is mostly used by scientists to improve or adapt the features of an explicit organism . Genetic engineering is mostly used to enhancing or modifying foods or plants, and to increase the growth rate of crops .
How we treat others helps define who we are as people, I guess this is who we are like it or not. Yeah people may turn around and say that GMO creates more food products. But how can we create more food that may cause people to have health risks, hurt animals, and cause people with health problems to have more problems to have health. Thinking that’s it’s helping when in reality it’s not, it’s causing more problems in the
What are genes? A gene is a piece of DNA that codes for RNA molecules. What is genetic engineering? Genetic engineering is the process where humans alternate the genome of organisms using biotechnological processes. It allows scientists to transfer genes from one organism to the next.
To fully understand the consequences and implications of genetic selection and enhancement of human embryos, society must mature and declare lines of what is and is not ethically moral. Gene editing is the alteration of a person’s genetic material to delete undesirable traits or to create desirable new ones. Scientists can identify a defective DNA strand to be cut out and changed, then they use a protein that acts like scissors to cut out the improper gene and cells, then a healthy strand of DNA is inserted at the cut site and enzymes repair it (Crow). The goal of gene editing is to treat genetic disorders. Gene editing could potentially decrease or even
The animals are then screened to check which one shows the phenotype similar to human diseases. The two most effective ways to generate mutations are by exposing organisms to X-rays or to the chemical N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU). Transgenesis Transgenic animals are generated by adding foreign genetic information to the nucleus of embryonic cells, thereby inhibiting gene expression. As against the use of X-ray or ENU, transgenesis uses the technique of injection of foreign DNA or the use of retroviral vector to introduce the transgene into an organism’s DNA. To increase the size of DNA fragments used in transgenesis, scientists are cloning them in yeast or bacterial artificial chromosomes (YACs and BACs).
It is achieved using engineered nucleases also known as molecular scissors. A revolutionary technology is letting scientists learn to rewrite the genetic code, aiming to alter DNA in ways that, among other things, could erase disease-causing genes. 5. References  Khalid Raza,(2010), Application Of Data Mining In Bioinformatics, IJSE, Vol 1 No 2, 114-118, ISSN : 0976-5166 , Pg.nos-114-118  Matt Ridely,(1999), Genome The autobiography of species in 23 Chapters, Harper Collins Publishers  Sequence Analysis from wikipedia – “https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequence_analysis”  Gene Editing-“https://www.horizondiscovery.com/gene-editing”  Pujari, Arun,(2001),Data Mining Techniques. Nancy, Universities
(APECSEC.org. 2015.) There are many more advantages and disadvantages which I am going to outline further in my research. I have decided to investigate further in tomatoes which are genetically modified(GM) crops and research if the advantages of genetic engineering are more important than the dangers it may pose to humans and the environment REVIEW OF LITERATURE 1.1.