The Nunn-Lugar legislation of 1995 revisited the question of who would be the lead agency in regards to acts of terrorism. The FBI and The NSA quickly asserted themselves in leadership roles, claiming they had the man power respond to any act of terrorism on American soil. This left FEMA and other federal agencies to determine who would respond other incidents; fire/emergency medical services, police, and public utilities. All three agencies were evaluated, with the findings being inconclusive. The transformation of FEMA in the 1990s was comprehensive.
Most recently, the “war on terror” has led to limitations on civil liberties. After the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center in 2001, President George W. Bush authorized the PATRIOT Act. This act gave the government more power to conduct searches of suspected terrorists, detain and remove suspected terrorists, and place wiretaps on belongings of suspected terrorists. Edward Snowden, former computer specialist at the CIA and NSA, released about 1.7 million classified documents exposing a global surveillance project. Not only has the government been spying on suspected terrorists, but also the American people.
Causes and Effects of 9/11 September 11, 2001 was a horrific day for all American citizens. Four American commercial flights were hijacked by Islamic extremist that would soon crash into some of the most important structures in America. From that day on we will remember the ones we lost and the ones who gave their lives to save others. This was the first major attack since Pearl Harbor in 1941 on American soil. Nineteen militants who were suicide bombers crashed into the Twin Towers, Pentagon, and a Pennsylvania field which had a central and global effect on the world caused by global terrorism increase and the spread of the group Islamic Extremist.
“At least 42 terrorist attacks aimed at the United States have been thwarted since 9/11” (Reality). The majority of people know about the tragedy that happened on September 11th, 2001, but not that many people know about what came to be after the event; the Patriot Act. This act is the “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001” (Miller). The Patriot Act got put in place by the President and almost got a unanimous vote to pass it nearly ten days after. It was later used to take down many of the 42 attack plots.
Terrorist Attack On 9-11 All of us have heard of the event “9/11”. In September 2001, when Osama Bin Laden decided to attack symbolic targets. He made the decision to attack the Pentagon, and the world trade centers (twin towers). The terrorist attack on 9-11 is one of the most known attacks because of how many people died, and mentally/emotionally hurt. My interest was sparked because, I always wanted to know about how many people died, and what caused this tragic event.
Bush and the rest of the world would face one of the most devastating days in U.S. history. Terrorists had hijacked four U.S. commercial jetliners targeting New York and Washington, D.C. which three out of the four hit. Bush handled this situation with courage and confidence as he promised the American people that he would do all that he could to prevent another horrific attack. Strategies were formed to resolve the conflict. For a time, there was monitoring international phone calls made by U.S. citizens, and soon Bush administration started seeking to destroy Al Qaeda and other terrorist organizations using military forces.
The National Security Agency is an intelligence organization in the United States that monitors not only foreign countries but American citizens as well. Known as a whistleblower to some, but a true hero, Edward Snowden leaked classified documents from the NSA leaving almost everyone second guessing the government and how secure their phones are. Edward Snowden dropped out of his high school before he was even 16 years old and went to community college instead because he wanted to study computers. He attended Anne Arundel Community College in Maryland two different times. This first was from 1999 to 2001 and then again from 2004 to 2005.
On September 11th, 2001, tragedy struck America. A terrorist attack was carried out resulting in 2,753 Americans killed. America became locked in a war, and it needed more security on its own soil. So, congress passed a law known as the Patriot Act. This allowed the N.S.A (national security agency) to gain information of individual citizens or groups of individuals by using library records, phone calls and other surveillance.
Since the CIA involved in the scandal, Congress debriefed them and their services became public. (Streissguth 28). Lawmakers put an end to some of the CIA’s operations (Streissguth 28). I was amazed at how many agencies were formed and botched before the final product-the CIA- was developed. However, agencies were not the only thing that impacted the creation of the Central Intelligence Agency.
On September 11, 2001, 19 militants associated with the Islamic extremist group al-Qaeda hijacked four airliners and carried out suicide attacks against targets in the United States. Within the end of the Cold War and the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, the United States emerged as the world 's superpower. Nevertheless, during the administrations of Presidents George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton, U.S. foreign policy continued to rely on concepts of both deterrence and containment. Bush argued that the new policy was necessary to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction among terrorist groups. The policy of deterrence, he asserted, was no longer sufficient to prevent a rogue nation or terrorist organization from using nuclear and chemical weapons.This policy was eventually known as the Bush Doctrine.
National Security has benefited the country by upgrading the budget to forty-three billion dollars to grant extra safety measures. Soon after 9/11, George W. Bush signed the Patriot Act to investigate terrorist activities by monitoring American phone and email conversations, bank records, and web searches. Also, the Transportation Security Agency (TSA) has added new baggage and passenger screenings to their protocol at airports. Many people believe that these programs ensure that the government could stop groups such as Al Qaeda in a rapid manner that can prevent further disasters. On the contrary, some people see the absence of confidentiality as a wedge of distrust between U.S. citizens and the White House.