Religion played an important role in civilization as government laws and divine kingship derived from it. Both civilizations were quite similar, but acquired some differences unique to each civilization. These differences include the environment, divine kingship, and sense of security from either nature or law. The idea and practices of ancient Mesopotamia originated from the Sumerians. Moreover, both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization diffused their practices and ideas to other ancient civilizations like the Hebrews and the Greeks.
The River Valley Civilizations of ancient China, Egypt and Mesopotamia were crucial contributions to future civilizations. They invented new ways of writing, laws to help keep civilization and society just and controlled and developed trade routes to help spread cultural diffusion. In documents 1 & 4, they talk about the two different types of writing, cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Cuneiform was the world’s first written language, created over 5,000 years ago by Sumerians.
The Middle Kingdom subjects now had a place in the afterlife, formerly reserved for rulers and royalty. In Babylonia, humans teamed
Their writing greatly influenced the Western civilizations because their language and writings influenced other civilizations to improve on it. Also, with their writing system, and the making of the Torah and Tanak, they were semi-able to record events and records that showed a sense of history to the future generations and civilizations. With their works, future civilizations began to record their history in different forms as well, like art, statues, and music. Another piece of the Hebrew civilization that could be considered up there with the writing system would be their complex government, but more so their laws of the land. Although their laws were based religiously, it paved a standing for basic laws for future Western civilizations to expand upon and implement.
Mesopotamia and egypt were two civilizations that were similar in some ways, that also made them different. Much like egypt, Mesopotamia had polytheistic beliefs, the only difference was that pharaohs weren 't actually gods. Mesopotamia and egypt had likeness in social structure and
How was religion in the Near East important from 1000 BCE to 500 BCE? Many ancient Near Eastern societies contain answers to this extremely significant question. Webster defines “religion” as “the service and worship of God or the supernatural.” In certain empires, religion played an integral role in citizens’ daily life.
Equality is something people want till people actually have it. Equality often limits a person’s abilities and disables to do something for themselves or inspire themselves. Equality's, the main character in the book Anthem, the primary motivation is proving that he is smart enough to become a scholar. Equality has a right to be motivated in this way since he believes that he can help the society so he is giving into the collectivism. I think that if everyone was motivated in this way, there would be a more progressive society where people sought to improve themselves and society at the same time.
During the bronze age both Ancient Mesopotamians and Ancient Egyptians developed forms of religion that highly reflected their habitat. They had many similarities in their politics even though they had completely different forms of government. Both societies were also known for their discoveries in art and technology. They developed their own forms of writing, different tools and architecture.
Many features of Mesopotamia’s and Egypt’s surrounding area influenced their religion and how they looked at the world, while Egyptians where relatively happy and optimistic people who believed that the afterlife carried great joy, Mesopotamians had a rather glum outlook on their life after death; In addition the way they portrayed their gods differed quite a bit, Mesopotamian’s depicted their gods almost exactly like humans whereas Egyptian gods had animals features, or didn’t resemble humans at all. Despite these differences they shared similarities as well, both religions were polytheistic which means they believed in many gods, and in both religions these multiple gods each represented an element of
The Similarities between Mesopotamia and Greek Inventions. As civilization as developed through time, many inventions have emerged and has caught the world’s attention, two if the most interesting, being the inventions of the Ancient Mesopotamia and Greek. Based on the history of Ancient Greek, Ancient Greek civilization began in the 8th century B.C and has been traced back to Stone Age hunters. While the Ancient Mesopotamia is a land between two rivers which are the Tigris and Euphrates River, and it was believed to have been in effect in the 7th century AD.
The civilizations that flourished in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Palestine were located in river valleys or along the Mediterranean coast. These civilizations developed highly complex cultures that shared many common characteristics. Egyptians were a very advanced civilization due to their inventions and technology. The Old Kingdom, which first began in 2650 B.C as stated in the timeline of Document 1, was defined by its many great pyramids and monuments. From there on in the ancient Egyptian timeline, Egyptians surpassed other civilizations through their many remarkable advancements and achievements.
They also developed the world 's first known form of writing called cuneiform. They used clay tablets to write on (Document 1). Uruk is one of the most important cities in Ancient Mesopotamia. The reason for this is because, the origin of writing originated here. The city of Ur was a very important trade center.
For example, Akbar the Great of the Mughal dynasty conducted interviews with scholars of Hindu, Buddhist, and Christian backgrounds to learn about each religion’s foundation, reasoning, and secrets (doc 2). As a result, Akbar who believed that discovering the truth is the main goal of humanity couldn 't be determined without the acknowledgement of other religions, including the native people in India and without the initiative to want to learn about them. Akbar’s respect of other religions caused the religions to further develop in the empire. Allowing these religions to develop caused for new ideas to grow and leaders used them to improve their rule. In addition, Suleiman the Magnificent, a leader of the Ottoman Empire, gave individuals government positions based on their character and abilities to complete their tasks and not their wealth or their parentage (doc 3).
We believe that he is responsible for the Nile’s flow, sun rise, etc. Famous pharaohs are Tutankhamun and Cleopatra. This government system is better than others because it easier to obtain control, laws or orders are applied more quickly, and social reform can be created more efficiently. Religion Ancient Egyptians are polytheistic, which means that we believe in many gods and goddesses.
The "Gift of the Nile" A. The Nile river was essential for Egypt life, providing water, fertilizing silt, and transportation for trading their gold, hardwood, and metals. X. Papyrus and