Although their environments were different, both civilizations were in harmony about the existence of many gods. Religion played an important role in civilization as government laws and divine kingship derived from it. Both civilizations were quite similar, but acquired some differences unique to each civilization. These differences include the environment, divine kingship, and sense of security from either nature or law. The idea and practices of ancient Mesopotamia originated from the Sumerians.
The River Valley Civilizations of ancient China, Egypt and Mesopotamia were crucial contributions to future civilizations. They invented new ways of writing, laws to help keep civilization and society just and controlled and developed trade routes to help spread cultural diffusion. In documents 1 & 4, they talk about the two different types of writing, cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Cuneiform was the world’s first written language, created over 5,000 years ago by Sumerians. It was used to keep track of business dealings because they traded with far way civilizations.
Treating citizens as a part of society assisted Egypt in growing and becoming successful in trade, writing and protecting itself. In Babylonia, the people were treated as sacred to the kingdom while outsiders were viewed as alien (Wallech, 2013, p.43). The Middle Kingdom subjects now had a place in the afterlife, formerly reserved for rulers and royalty. In Babylonia, humans teamed
Their writing greatly influenced the Western civilizations because their language and writings influenced other civilizations to improve on it. Also, with their writing system, and the making of the Torah and Tanak, they were semi-able to record events and records that showed a sense of history to the future generations and civilizations. With their works, future civilizations began to record their history in different forms as well, like art, statues, and music. Another piece of the Hebrew civilization that could be considered up there with the writing system would be their complex government, but more so their laws of the land. Although their laws were based religiously, it paved a standing for basic laws for future Western civilizations to expand upon and implement.
Mesopotamia and egypt were two civilizations that were similar in some ways, that also made them different. Much like egypt, Mesopotamia had polytheistic beliefs, the only difference was that pharaohs weren 't actually gods. Mesopotamia and egypt had likeness in social structure and
How was religion in the Near East important from 1000 BCE to 500 BCE? Many ancient Near Eastern societies contain answers to this extremely significant question. Webster defines “religion” as “the service and worship of God or the supernatural.” In certain empires, religion played an integral role in citizens’ daily life. The religion embodied by that empire not only guided each citizen’s life, but also gained a role that often expressively influenced the empire’s political decisions. Perhaps one can trace the origins of the importance of religion to the end of the Bronze Age.
Equality is something people want till people actually have it. Equality often limits a person’s abilities and disables to do something for themselves or inspire themselves. Equality's, the main character in the book Anthem, the primary motivation is proving that he is smart enough to become a scholar. Equality has a right to be motivated in this way since he believes that he can help the society so he is giving into the collectivism. I think that if everyone was motivated in this way, there would be a more progressive society where people sought to improve themselves and society at the same time.
Ancient Mesopotamia was established in the fertile crescent between the less reliable Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. During the bronze age both Ancient Mesopotamians and Ancient Egyptians developed forms of religion that highly reflected their habitat. They had many similarities in their politics even though they had completely different forms of government. Both societies were also known for their discoveries in art and technology. They developed their own forms of writing, different tools and architecture.
Many features of Mesopotamia’s and Egypt’s surrounding area influenced their religion and how they looked at the world, while Egyptians where relatively happy and optimistic people who believed that the afterlife carried great joy, Mesopotamians had a rather glum outlook on their life after death; In addition the way they portrayed their gods differed quite a bit, Mesopotamian’s depicted their gods almost exactly like humans whereas Egyptian gods had animals features, or didn’t resemble humans at all. Despite these differences they shared similarities as well, both religions were polytheistic which means they believed in many gods, and in both religions these multiple gods each represented an element of
The Similarities between Mesopotamia and Greek Inventions. As civilization as developed through time, many inventions have emerged and has caught the world’s attention, two if the most interesting, being the inventions of the Ancient Mesopotamia and Greek. Based on the history of Ancient Greek, Ancient Greek civilization began in the 8th century B.C and has been traced back to Stone Age hunters. While the Ancient Mesopotamia is a land between two rivers which are the Tigris and Euphrates River, and it was believed to have been in effect in the 7th century AD. Furthermore, as far as art is concerned, we find that the Mesopotamians were involved in great structures and architecture, while the Greeks were more involved in creating smaller pieces