Also, African Americans served longer sentences and were shipped to custodial institutions whereas, Caucasians were sent to nicer establishments. To conclude, Gross explained that there was a clear relationship between women’s historical experiences and mass incarceration today. This journal used a heavy amount of historical texts such as books written by bell hooks, Deborah
and while race issues are still prevalent they have become better. Segregation is no longer widespread and common and while it can still happen it is usually unintentional. Criminal justice is the “new” way to target the minority races and segregate them from the white. Blacks are sentenced to 10% longer sentences than their white counterparts based on the same crime. 12.6% of the U.S. population is African American, but in prison they make up 37.1% of the inmate population.
Women convicted of “other property offenses” – a category of crimes that includes arson, receiving stolen property and breaking and entering — received shorter prison sentences. • Black female defendants were, in some ways, treated differently than white female defendants. Black women were assigned higher bond amounts and were more likely to be sent to prison than white women. Women of both races were equally likely to be released prior to
Prostitutes are abducted and beaten daily by pimps. They are also held hostage in homes or warehouses. Prostitution affects many women around the world with mental and physical abuse. (would) Prostitution is one of the biggest and richest businesses in the world. It makes around 186 billion dollars worldwide.
The average age of teens that enter the sex trade is girls from ages 12 to 14. Many of these victims had been runaway girls who had been sexually abused as children. Around 30,000 sex slaves from the ages six to 24 years old have died each year from abuse, disease,
While people of affluence may still commit crimes, they have access to resources the working class do not (expensive legal representation) and often commit different types of crime (white collar versus street crime.) When punished, they commonly receive less time incarcerated for the same crime committed. Differential treatment towards minorities is apparent in OITNB, with prison life shown from the perspective of many women from very different class and racial backgrounds. Racist behaviour and mentality is exhibited towards inmates, with harsher punishments towards those of colour. Faced with trouble in prison, Sophia is sent to SHU despite being the victim of hate-crimes because she is the minority in the situation (being both a racial minority and transgender.)
The majority of victims in abusive relationships are by far women. A national report on domestic abuse in Afghanistan has showed that an overwhelming majority of woman, 87.2%, experienced at least one form of physical, sexual or psychological violence or forced marriage. But it was also seen that women who experience domestic violence don’t seek a legal divorce, partly due to economic dependence on their husbands and cultural pressure to keep families united. As a result, only 5% of cases involving violence against women surveyed by the UN in a recent report ended in prosecution in a formal court. People are not able to break away from relationships because of various reasons.
In a wide variety of communities and countries, both Western and non-Western, including Arab, Israel, South Africa and Australia, the attitudes toward gender roles are the main reason about women stay in such relationship (Flood & Pease 2009). Some studies have focused on the racial and ethnic differences and leave abusive relationships in the process. They found that black women are more likely to stay in violent relationships than white women. Also, other found that Latinos battered women returned to their abuser often than non-Latino white women. Women of color felt that they had responsibility to keep family completely (Lacey, Saunders & Zhang 2011).
To begin with, female patients make up 90% of the multiple personality cases that have been diagnosed. Moreover, it has been noticed that women are more likely to portray different personalities than men, which averages between 15 separate identities at a time (Showalter 162 retrieved from, Lehman, 2014, p.65). However, one might wonder the cause behind the high number of diagnosis of multiple personality disorders found in women. Psychologists have came up with few reasons including, first, people who display symptoms that are related to this disorder were mainly classified as hysterical people, which was label in history that was usually given to women rather than men. In addition, statistics have shown that girls are more prone than boys to face childhood sexual abuse and we have mentioned previously that having multiple personality disorder is mainly caused by shutting out unwanted emotions such as anger.
Studies have shown that women have reported histories of physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, more than men which contribute to their mental instability. In 2005, 73.1 percent of women in state prisons had a mental health problem (Daniel, 2007). 80 percent of incarcerated women meet the criteria for at least one lifetime psychiatric disorder (Daniel, 2007). Substance abuse, dependence, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression appear to be the most common mental health problems for female inmates (Daniel, 2007). Incarcerated women have also shown a strong link between childhood abuse and adult mental health problems.
In eleven states, at least 1 in 20 black adults are in prison. Research shows that prosecutors are twice as likely to pursue a mandatory minimum sentence for black people as for white people charged with the same crime. One in nine black children and one in 38 Latino children have an incarcerated parent, compared to one in 57 white children.
Introduction Historically, few women managed to reach the list of serial killers. Jane Toppan was born Honora Kelley and an ever known American female serial killer. Her murder confession went to 33 cases. Despite this horrible adventure, she was quoted saying that her aim was to kill more helpless people than any man or woman ever lived in the world.
Did you know that there are roughly 165,824,620 women currently alive in the United States as of this year, women make up about 50.6% of the population? But did you also know that there are 219,000 women locked up in our current Criminal Justice System? Where nationally, we lock up 8 times the amount of woman than we do men. That’s a lot of mothers, daughters, sisters, and aunts locked up. Many of these woman that are currently incarcerated have at some point in their lives experienced some sort of mental, physical, and sexual abuse.