Cerebellum: A Case Study

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1. Cerebral Hemisphere
a. The cerebrum is broken up into two hemispheres. Each hemisphere is divided into frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes (Starkey, Brown, & Ryan, 2011).
2. Cerebellum
a. The cerebellum provided the functions necessary to maintain balance and coordination (Starkey, et al., 2011).
3. Cerebrum
a. The cerebrum is responsible for controlling the body’s primary motor function, sensory information, and cognition (Starkey, et al., 2011).
4. Brain Stem
a. The brain stem is formed by the medulla oblongata and the pons (Starkey, et al., 2011).
b. Its main functions are to relay information to and from the central nervous system (CNS), and control the involuntary system of the body (Starkey, et al., 2011).
5. Occiput
a. The …show more content…

Pia mater
a. The pia mater is the innermost meningeal layer, encasing the brain and the spinal cord (Starkey, et al., 2011).
13. Diencephalon
a. The diencephalon is formed by the thalamus, hypothalamus, and the epithalamus (Starkey, et al., 2011).
b. Its primary purpose is to act as a processing center for conscious and unconscious brain input (Starkey, et al., 2011).
14. Common carotid artery
a. Each common carotid artery diverges to form an internal carotid artery and an external carotid artery (Starkey, et al., 2011).
b. The internal supplies blood to the center of the cranium in order to supply the entire brain with blood; the external supplies blood to the head and neck, with the exception of the brain (Starkey, et al., 2011).
15. Circle of Willis
a. The circle of Willis is a section of the circulatory system that includes the internal carotid arteries and the vertebral arteries, as they converge to form a circulation network (Starkey, et al., 2011).
b. This circle is used, so that if a cranial artery is obstructed, the design of the circle permits partial blood supply to the area (Starkey, et al., 2011).
16. Vertebral artery
a. The vertebral artery is one of two key arteries located along the back of the neck that carry blood from the heart to the brain, spine, and neck muscles (AnatomyExpert,

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