The African kingdoms Ghana, Mali, Songhai The African nations of Ghana, Mali, Songhai, shared so many characteristics between each other. For one primary comparison is, all three ancient empires relied on the trans-Saharan trading routes and their lush amount of gold, copper and other natural resources. They established many political ties with many Arab countries and nearby African societies. These three nations shared abundantly cultural similarities from just the rise of Islam. All three of them shared the standard lifespan of incredible growth, expansion of wealth and resources, and then finally ending.
With a population of approximately 30,000 as for 2017, Timbuktu was the product of African and Arabs architecture but is continuously being restored because the monuments today are under threat from desertification. Paragraph 1 Timbuktu was founded as a World Heritage Site in 1988. The criteria on UNESCO states why Timbuktu is a cultural World Heritage Site. Timbuktu is listed under 3 criterion, numbers 2, 4 and 6. Timbuktu falls into criterion 2 because the mosques and holy places of Timbuktu have played an essential role in the spread of Islam in Africa at an early period.
Trading was not what created the Ghana empire, but it definitely made them richer. Another thing that made them richer was charging to protect the gold from neighboring networks. This shows that one thing that benefited West Africa was the exchanges with the trade
The Spanish colonies and the New England colonies were different in the resources the colonies collected in order to achieve economic success. The main source of economic gain in Central and South America was gold and silver because there was a plentiful amount of the resources in the Americas. As time went on and the gold and silver resources depleted, the Spanish turned to sugar plantations, which are large scale farms. New England made their money by trading away raw materials, such as timber, furs, and textiles like wool and cotton. Later New England made a large portion of their money from fishing.
Political reasons were so that they could obtain power and economically, they wanted to make money through trade and new businesses. Moreover, Europeans ruled West Africa,
After crating the Suez Canal Britain had a free market and a huge economical advantage because of the shorter route to Asia, the canal saves the European ships from going around Africa to going stright to Asia, it gained more money and goods fror using the Canal. After the British left, Sudan is now and independent country that rules it self and runs its own economy but, since they left Sudan was ruled by the Arabian-Muslim side of Sudan despite the fact that the government was changed several times and it didn’t work, the two sides (Muslim and Christian) can’t agree to either be peaceful nor live together. At the time Cristians wanted a Christian ruler Muslims want their Muslim ruler (Omar Albasheer) which created a racial tension between the
With the Abbasids came economic prosperity. The conquered trade routes from the richest provinces of the Roman Empire now meant that the Arabs controlled routes to the east. Bagdad developed into a massive commercial market that connected Europe, Central Asia, and Africa. This led to an exchange of ideas, technology, and culture. But with the growth of the empire, the caliph had become less of the spiritual leader of Muslims and
The early 13th century is ultimately known for the uprising of two influential civilization in Tropical Africa and Asia. Sultan Iltutmish is credited as the founder of Delhi, while Sundiata is recognized as the founder of Mali. Although the Delhi Sultanate originated in India and the Mali Empire in Western Africa, both empires’ political, social, and economic structures are perceived to be established around a certain idealistic belief. The authoritarian structure of Delhi and Mali’s government system and the rigorous framework of their military were cultivated by adapting early Islamic culture; nevertheless, this commonality shared between the two civilizations resulted in the diversity of Mali’s wealth relying heavily on long distance trade,
Africa before 1500 ce was a time where many events happened that changed the civilization of Africa forever. Africa invented trades, cultures, traditions, and so many other things that affected Africa in many ways. There is a huge timeline that explains all the events that happen in Africa, what year they happen, and why they happen in the first place. Africa along with other certain continents had major events happened before 1500 ce. Since I chose Africa I will be explaining what was Africa before 1500 ce.
Islam is a relationship between god, humankind and environment, a way of life and culture. It supports Africa in the development of culture and it’s economy. It became the largest religion in the country since the 10th century mostly in the Northern Africa and in the Mauritanians. The history of Islam in Africa can be put into three heading: How did it spread, where are they most located and what is its world population. What is the meaning of diversity and what is Islam perspective
Between 300th century and 1400th century, the most powerful African kingdoms had achieved great goals, such as developing a trade system. The empires in Africa had a solid economy which was supported by their trade. Before the Europeans arrived, these empires had hierarchies and roles in society, which helped the trade system flourish. Some achievements Africa accomplished included trade, wealth, and a complex society. One way to recognize a thriving kingdom is to look at its trade and economy.
For example, the Ottoman Empire controlled the land surrounding the Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, and the Baltic Sea thus was a part of a large sea trade network (doc 4). As a result, ideas and inventions were spread to this empire that improved people’s lives. Additionally, the Ottoman’s sphere of influence increased as well as they came in contact with other civilizations and further spread Islam. Furthermore, their economy grew and became wealthier as a larger amount of goods were entering the market and there was an increase in the exchange of products due to trade with multiple other empires. In addition, eastern coastal African towns like Mozambique, Zimbabawe, and Mogadishu were located along the sea network that connected India, Arabia and Africa, where exotic goods like animal skins, gold, and ivory were traded (doc 10b).
After this, a tax was placed on the Hims. Some argue that trade was the main reason for the spreading of Islam because Mecca was at a crossroads of the lucrative caravan trade. Vast camel trains would come through bearing valuable items coming from all over (A). Although, trade was closely related to military in that military brought in the trade. Without military, trade may not have been as popular as it was.
Prior to the French and Indian War, the colonies were pretty self sufficient in the economic realm. They were able to trade with basically whoever they wanted to, participating lucratively in the Triangular Trade. With this, many merchants lined the coast of the Americas, patiently awaiting the incoming slaves from Africa or the goods from England, while greedily exporting their tobacco. Many established a life off of this competitive economic system, trying to soak up the finite wealth of the world. After the French and Indian War, which was a war fought for control of more land against the French, the English realized that they needed to tighten their strings in