Malcolm X was an extensively heavy participant in the fight for equality during the Civil Rights Movement. Malcolm X went above and beyond the call of duty, realizing that every book he read gave him more “sensitivity to the deafness, dumbness, and blindness that was afflicting the black race of America” (Malcolm X 643). Segregation had been going on for some time, and Malcolm X was sick and tired of the poor treatment. This brutal discrimination of African Americans is what called Malcolm X to action. When Malcolm X landed himself in Charlestown Prison, he decided to devote himself to studying and writing to improve his knowledge for his people. He wanted to go further than any civil rights leader had before. His purpose was to fix the situation that the black man had been put into against their will. However, Malcolm X was unable to devise this plan initially. Having only gone to school until the eighth grade, Malcolm X’s intelligence and studious nature came solely from his “prison studies” (Malcolm X 640). Before prison, Malcolm X was illiterate- meaning he was unable to read or write. The effort he put into constructing his plan shows how far Malcolm X was willing to go not just for himself, but for his people. To go from the untapped potential intelligence he possessed to the political genius he became is truly
Shorty was one of the biggest influences in Malcolm's life, as Shorty and his friends we're the ones who introduced Malcolm to drinking , smoking marijuana, and gambling. At this time, Malcolm had bought his first “ Zzoot suit”. Also, Sshorty gaive him his first “cConk” a process by which the hair is straightened to look like a white man's. Analyzing how contenact contributes to the power of the text in chapter four4, the author describes how MalcolmMalkin becomes more aware of his own transformation. In Boston, “ own less inhibit People,” (p.60). Chapter 6 opens with a discussion of the numbers racket, which the white gangsters called “the nigger pool “ because most of the players were blacks. Malcolm describes the Harlem Underworld in how he finally became part of it after being fired from Smalls.
Alex Haley author of the Autobiography of Malcolm X uses several literary devices to create the tone of his writing. The writer has a very laid back style of writing and the structure is relatively loose. The autobiography is written by telling the story of his life through major events and turning points of his life in chronological order. The authors tone of writing could at first be described as easygoing and unconcerned. He is aware of the obvious issue of racism and discrimination against African Americans, but feels as if it doesn't directly apply to him. As he grows up the style of the writing becomes even more laid back to fit Malcolm's nonchalant personality. The author commonly uses the slang used in the 1940’s. The Author makes a point of stating all the terms Malcolm used to be
Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X both strived to influence equality amongst the Black and white society. These Civil rights leaders fought for what they stood for in many different ways. Such as, King influenced the movement through non-violence, whereas Malcolm X wanted to react with a violent approach. These two Civil rights leader’s differences were influenced by their experiences and contrasting backgrounds. Martin was raised surrounded by a middle class family and was provided with quality education, where he later grew up to be an Baptist minister which influenced his Christian belief in using nonviolent civil disobedience in his movement. Whereas, Malcolm X grew up in an underprivileged environment jumping from foster homes with
Besides, in Malcolm X biography, I learnt that, an extraordinary person has an extraordinary characteristics. Like Malcolm X, whenever he has been an orphan at the young age, but he never stop to learn and study. Instead of crying and be depressed with his lost, he continued to study. But, as a human being, he is also easily influenced by what others said about him. Because he think too much on what had been said by his teacher, he drop out the school and started to do some dirty business. Well, in this situation, it teaches me that even a legend person like Malcolm X are once easily distorted by the words of the people around him. Compared to whom we are now,
Shorty gets Malcolm his first serious job as a shoe shiner for a popular ballroom. This job is the beginning of his life in Boston and also the reason why Malcolm eventually ends up in prison. While working as a shoe shiner he was introduced to alcohol, cigarettes, and weed which he started using regularly. When Malcolm got tired of shoe shining he quit and was left without a job. He found a job as a steward on a train which allowed him to make money and travel. Shorty told Malcolm he would be able to make even more money if he sold drugs and Malcolm didn’t hesitate to do so. He started out selling marijuana and eventually got into heavier drugs. His business was growing fast but it was also becoming a huge risk. Malcolm began carrying multiple guns with him in fear that a meeting would go bad and had to move around a lot when he noticed cops giving him suspicious looks. Just like his other job, Malcolm got tired of this and needed to move onto something new. Malcolm, Shorty, and a couple of girls began burglarizing rich houses throughout New York City. The girls would pretend they were taking surveys and find a way inside to map out the place. Later that night the guys would sneak in and steal any valuables they could find and sell them as soon as possible. At this point Malcolm was dependent on drugs and was smoking four packs of cigarettes a day. “Looking back, I
Harming not only slaves but free blacks as well in the novel, when Dana is transported back to the moment right after Rufus rapes Alice: Dana attempts to express how she felt about Alice’s right to refuse Rufus sexual advances and he replied, sarcastically saying “‘She must have thought she was a free woman or something”. In the novel, shows the oppression of black women. Dana asks Rufus: “‘...your father whips black people?’” and he replies “‘when they need it’” (Butler 26). Rufus does not see any wrong in his father’s violence toward black people, instead he accepts this as normal gesture because he has accepted the racist idea that blacks are inferior to whites and that it is acceptable for whites to abuse them, even saying that they sometimes “need” to be whipped.
This speech is Malcolm X’s call to action to fight back due to the way that the white man treats African Americans in the United States. The meaning behind the title of the piece is Ballot meaning the African’s right to vote and bullet meaning violence. Malcolm X believes that it is time to fight for the African Americans right to vote and stop being silent about it. The purpose of this essay is to explain Malcolm X’s usage of Ethos, Pathos, and Logos and African Americans right to vote.
As noted by Malcolm X in his essay Learning to Read, self-education can help bring awareness to the United States’ appalling history of oppression effectuated against African-Americans. In relation to the reading, Malcolm X assimilated prominent examples of oppression through personal anecdotes that descriptively stated what the “evil white men with whips and clubs and chains and guns” did (193). Correspondingly, the negative consequences society has put into place can be stemmed back to the history of European colonization.
Imprint of ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2015.This encyclopedia points out that the negative interaction he held with the white man as a young hustler was countered by these same experiences pushing Malcolm X to reclaim his “African identity”. This shows, as described by the cited work, what a man pushed by his negative interactions with the oppressive white men is willing to do to find his identity (i.e. through hustling). Although this creates an immediate negative environment urging Malcolm to form his own views and eventually be led to create the Organization of the Afro-American Movement. The encyclopedia also notes that Malcolm’s
Still using the last name Little at the time, he ends up in jail in Massachusetts and is struggling with the transition of having his freedom to cutting all connections from the outside world. The struggles continues to go until a man approaches him, tells Malcolm that he is one of the most intelligent negroes in the prison, and could be out of prison in a few years with good behavior. Malcolm doesn’t believe what the man says until he introduces Elijah Muhammad and the Muslim religion. Once the man takes Malcolm under his wing, he starts to change his character and begins to study what the Muslim religion is and how to act. After realizing that he doesn’t sound intelligent as he used to when he was young, he begins to read the dictionary to improve his vocabulary, read literature books, and get a full education while he’s behind bars. He starts to realize what the purpose of Elijah Muhammad’s message him and begins to praise him by calling him “The Honorable Elijah Muhammad teaches…”. Malcolm changed his last name because in the teachings of Muhammad and the Muslim religion the last name that was given to him was the last name of his grandfather’s slave owner; therefore making it unknown what his actual last name was and hence changing his name from “Malcolm Little” to “Malcolm X”. X would get out his prison well early and once out, he would continue to preach the
It was around 7 on a hot August afternoon in 1965, in a Los Angeles south central neighborhood; when a twenty-one year old man named Marquette Frye was on his way home after a few beers to drop off his Brother. Not far from his house they were pulled over by an officer Lee Minkus who then proceeded to give Marquette Frye a field sobriety test. As Mr. Frye stumbled along the curb his brother Ronald Frye walked a few blocks over to the Frye residence and shortly returned with their mother. As the events unfolded the number of curious onlookers grew.
Malcolm is a prisoner in jail who decides that he wants to read, so he memorized the entire dictionary in order to meet this goal. Once he knows how to read, Malcolm starts to read books about history. He discovers that many pieces of history are missing from the books, especially concerning African Americans. Malcolm made it his mission to find out as much information about African Americans as possible. While searching history books he discovered the horrifying life that they had to endure. Malcolm was very upset that African Americans were treated as slaves and the way that white people treated other races as well. He describes that withholding history from history books was dishonest and he felt that white people were opportunists. The dishonesty ruined his faith in the country. The information he now knew caused him to feel hurt, because he did not know before the history or treatment of slaves and
Malcolm X was one of the most active and influential figures of the civil rights era. He was a believer in equality, self-respect, and uncompromising resistance to white oppression. Malcolm X was a figure energized and educated African Americans, while frightening many whites. He was a truth-teller who decided that the civil rights movement was naïve to think that freedom through nonviolence was possible. The controversy of Malcolm X's rhetoric sometimes overshadowed the f his message, especially for those who seen him as a threat. Malcolm X was assassinated at age 39, but his political and cultural influence grew far greater in the years after his death.
Explains the many subjects Malcolm had during his reinvention, describing the multiple characters he went through over the years, while tracing his religious beliefs, along with politics beliefs. The biography utilizes various type of sources, like letters, interviews from Malcolm’s relatives, diaries, and even from the F.B.I. The book does not exactly provide much revelation into why Malcolm became such an African American Figure. But it does embrace the opportunity to learn more about the truth behind the myths that were in Malcolm’s