Descartes Second Meditation Rhetorical Analysis

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In the First Meditation, René Descartes called upon all knowledge to be doubtful. It was a significant reflection on how reality and dreams are vague. By eliminating previous knowledge and theories, Descartes wiped out every conceivable mistake in finding new establishments of information. An indisputable outcome of questioning the senses induced the chance that God is in actuality a malevolent liar, a powerful being capable of manipulating the senses. In the Second Meditation while he contemplates the previous day, he discovered trouble in solving his questions and deemed his senses and memory conniving and faulty. The assertion that everything dubious is false continues until he can discover one thing to be absolutely true. He speculates …show more content…

Descartes then attempts to define what he is. He previously believed that he had a spirit and body, by methods for which he was fed, moved, could sense, absorb space, had a distinct area and think. Each one of those methods are thrown into uncertainty except thinking. Since he can think, he should exist. He thinks about whether he no longer exists once his reasoning comes to a halt. Descartes is confounded by this so he will not admit anything since the idea is not yet known to him. He characterizes himself as a thing that basically thinks. What is thinking being? “It is a being which doubts, which understands, [which conceives,] which affirms, which denies, which wills, which rejects, which imagines also, and which perceives.” He has already established that he does exist, however denies that he is neither the body nor the spirit alone. So it cannot depend on his imagination which he …show more content…

He reasons that the idea of the body is the ideas of something extended like shape and size. This predicts the mind and body dualism, and the regulation of essential and supplementary qualities. Descartes found the essence of the mind which is to think; and the embodiment of matter, which is to be expanded. He also infers that despite his underlying beliefs, the psyche is a far superior knower than the body and that it is more realistic than the material world. Descartes infers that he must know his mind more than anything. Descartes finishes up this Meditation with some more ethics about the self. Information of the self, or psyche, is more particular and sure than knowledge of the body. The technique for uncertainty in the First Meditation seemed to debilitate all information, yet in the Second Meditation Descartes discovers something that cannot be questioned. I think each of us must affirm our own particular presence and set up the means of our own

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