French and Indian War The French and the British both competed with each other for control over land in North America. It was essential to both their economies as the fur was extremely profitable hence both side wanted to maximise their control over the resources and optimise their alliances with the Indians. Fearing English expansions the French sought to make a link between New France and their colonies in Louisiana in order to create a military barrier to the English. They aimed to do this through the Ohio River which were controlled by the Ohio River tribes: the Seneca, the Delaware and the Shawnee. These tribes relied neither on the French nor on the British for their provisions, they were largely self-sufficient and had an economy based largely on farming and hunting not
Captain Campbell felt uneasy about the new rules and laws the British had put into place, knowing that this might upset the Native Americans. As tension grew there was talk of how the French and the Spanish were going to unite to push the British out of North America. This talk had gotten many Indians to prepare for war and to choose sides of the war that might become. Chief Pontiac had felt that he must stay loyal to the French who had shown him generosity and kindness. He felt that the French had better ties to his people and would ultimately be better to his people than the British.
A majority of the English population thought of the Natives in the New World as savages, for the English believed the Natives Americans were subservient to the English due to the fact that the English possessed guns and produced steel. The attitude of English supremacy over the Virginian Indians in regards to their practices of survival and their interactions among each other as a community in the Jamestown settlement resulted in them becoming the true savages during the Starving Time in 1609-10 as well as during the early days of the establishment of Virginia as a colony. The Virginian Indians knew not to settle in a certain place along the river because of the salt water that comes in from the Chesapeake Bay. Alternatively, the English
While were in control of half of the continent, British missionaries had vied with French missionaries in giving presents on to the Indians to win them to their side or to retain them at least impartial; but when the French were defeated, the Indians were no longer needed, it was concluded that they were no longer going to be regarded. The gifts stopped; at the agreements and Forts the Indians met with insult and had been subjected to bad
There was a popular assumption, which can be tied to a quote by General Sheridan , that “The only good Indians I ever saw were dead ones.” This quote captures a popular attitude of Anglo-Americans during this time. Due to the constant struggle for resources between the Native Americans and the settlers, wars between the two were inevitable. The white men wanted the lands that belonged to the Native Americans and they were convinced that, because of what they considered the uncivilized nature of the Native Americans, there was no way they could coincide with the Native Americans. This presumption was due to the biased outlooks that the Anglo Americans had toward Native Americans culture. Due to these attitudes toward the Native Americans the settlers set out to acquire their lands.
At first, they wanted to be able to live in peace with the Native Americans because they needed their help to get food. They settlers were also outnumbered by the Native Americans, so fighting them would be pointless, for their fate would not be bright. Even though the settlers knew this, problems began to rise right away. The main conflict between the Native Americans and the European settlers was the idea they had in mind about the land. Because of these different thought processes, conflict between Native Americans and European settlers went on for hundreds of years.
When the Spanish French and English landed in the Americas, with the goal of colonization, they ran into the natives, encountering communities inhabiting the Americas all of their life. The colonizers reacted to the Natives differently. The Spanish vowing to rule the natives, making them as much like a Spaniard especially in religion as possible. The English wanted to use the Natives, viewing them as their servants, and like the Spanish, wanted to convert the Natives to be more like the superior English. The French on the other hand, believed more in using the Natives as resources, but still reassured the natives that the French were better.
To make sure that either party could win, they sought Native allies. The Native allies of the English could not sell Native Allies of the English to English colonies, however, this was only slightly monitored. Furthermore, the English often played the Natives against each other so that the Natives would take war captives, which the English then could buy as slaves (Ethridge). The Europeans did not capture the Native slaves themselves, but the Natives had the slaves already in captivity (Kelton 116). The enslavement of already enslaved Natives was an action Europeans did because as the Natives lived close to the Europeans, enslaving them could cause problems.
When the Europeans arrived in North America, many changes came into the lives of indigenous peoples. These changes included things such as new weapons and horses, which made hunting easier, but Europeans also killed indigenous people, treated them as though they were less than human, and took their lands. These immoral things happened because of European desire for riches and glory. Because of this, the European impact on Native Americans should be seen as a moral question. Upon their arrival, Europeans saw indigenous people as heathens because of their religions and their difference in culture.
The French Revolution established abstract universalistic principles based on a responsibility to human rights, while the Americans preferred to focus on immediate problem-solving and rights (to land they took from the natives.) The French are more conservative in this sense, since the decisions they take are still informed by a single common vision for the long-term good. While France’s focus has not changed, America’s destiny is now shaped by anonymous market forces, public relations specialists, lobbyists, investors, a vastly richer, more influential corporate overclass directly implicated in politics,
The French and Indian War, or the Seven Years War, began in 1754, as a result of conflict over territory and trade in North America. As both countries conquered the new land, letting their civilians settle there as colonists with the sole purpose of providing money for their homeland, they encountered the Ohio Valley; land that was assured to contribute to each of their imperialist motives. During the war where French troops allied with the native Americans against Britain, the laws given to the British colonies were left unmonitored, and the colonists evaded the strict taxation and rules against trading with other countries. However, when the war ended in 1763, resulting in a British victory, Britain was left a multitude of problems. This included the great national debt of approximately 122 million British pounds.
As one can see New France 's society was just as diverse and unique as any other. France made many attempts to contain and morph New France into its image but being on the frontier made changes to what was possible for people. New France started to realize that it was needed by France and was able to hold that over them to bend the laws and regulations of France . People started realizing that the French wanted and to a point needed the furs and were willing to break its morals and even its rivalries to obtain them. Traders in New France did the unheard of and traded with England and traded unwarranted items with the natives because they were more focused on their own benefit over that of Frances, showing the individualized society that was slowly forming from the depths of a state driven society.
For instance, the Hopi and Zuni communities had an uneasy relationship that was characterized by conflicts (Digital History, n.d). These conflicts made it easy for such European foreigners as the Spanish to conquer the local communities. The second vulnerability that Native Americans suffer is that they lacked sophisticated weapons and tools (Cleary, n.d). They were unable to wage war against the European adventurers who possessed better equipment. For instance, the Spaniards were able to conquer American lands because they had access to complex equipment that allowed them to travel by sea and wage war (Cleary, n.d).
Washington was able to use his knowledge as well as his army’s knowledge of the land in order to outlast the British. Sir Clinton led his army on a wild goose chase after Washington, who was able to outmaneuver and shelter his army against Clinton’s. The Colonists were also able to utilize the British’s need for supply lines against them. The British were not able to spread as thinly as the Colonists, leading to abushes from Washington’s guerilla warfare. Also, since the Colonists were protecting their home from the British which was a greater motivation factor than the British’s will to expand.