In addition, it seeks to highlight the different identity statuses, as well as, the factors that facilitate or hinder identity formation. Furthermore, various psychological theories will be drawn upon relating to events in the movie that depict adolescent identity development. Adolescence is the period between childhood and emerging adulthood (Sigelman & Rider, 2015). According to Behm-Morawitz and Mastro (2008), this period is generally categorized by development in different spheres of life and often revolves around an increased independence and freedom. In addition, during this period adolescents start to forge a sense of identity.
Adolescence is one such stage that Erikson characterizes as Identity vs Role Confusion. ‘’The adolescent is in the psychosocial stage between childhood and young adulthood where she will learn to make new mean¬ing of the morality acquired during childhood and will begin to adopt new ethics that she will develop and embrace
When transitioning from an adolescent to an adult, one will undergo drastic changes that allow room for the challenges and responsibilities ahead. For example, one of the largest cognitive changes that takes place in this period is the enlarging of the prefrontal cortex. This brain structure functions in decision-making, which is an essential criterion of entering adulthood. Another cognitive difference seen between adolescents and young adults is the brain's activation of the limbic system, an area that functions more towards the emotional and social sides of cognition. The overuse of this brain area during adolescence is linked with insecurities and often socioemotional distress; however, as one matures into adulthood they tend to outgrow these thought processes and develop a better sense of higher-ordered thinking.
In studying adolescent development, adolescence can be defined biologically, as the physical transition marked by the onset of puberty and the termination of physical growth; cognitively, as changes in the ability to think abstractly and multi-dimensionally; or socially, as a period of preparation for adult roles. Cognitive advances encompass both increases in knowledge and in the ability to think abstractly and to reason more effectively. Developmental psychologists might focus on changes in relations with parents and peers as a function of school structure and pubertal status.Therefore, as adolescents grow in maturity they also learn how to regulate their emotions which has positive and negative effects on relationship with family and friends. (a textbook of child psychology virender kumar 2012). As adolescents acquire greater conceptual complexity and participated in more varied social relationship, they begin to be able to assume an adult perspective in problem solving and decision making.
Overall, the social and emotional development in teenagers in high school is a period of self-exploration and actualization, as they become more independent and self-reliant. Teachers can also support their students if they’re struggling with their identity development by many ways, one of them being to refer them to school counselors so they can express they problems, or refer to someone outside of school, or someone that can act as a role model to the
Study was empirical based and an anthropological methodology was used. Study was given importance to cultural factors in order to understand the phenomenon of adolescence. Mead (1953). Adolescence is a period of searching a meaningful identity. To find identity young people usually outmode and compare the behavior and values among parents and models provides in mass media.
This stage is especially crucial because the identity built now is the basis for decisions that follow them into adulthood. Adolescents want to find a place for themselves in the future’s society in terms of career, family, housing, and many other aspects in this phase of life. They begin to reevaluate the information they had previously learned about themselves in an attempt to finalize their identities. All of the information they have gained about themselves in the previous stages is going through a semi-final review before adolescents make life-changing decisions based on their self-concept. They are using the information to find their role in society and their true identity.
The brain undergoes quite substantial developments in early adolescence, which affect emotional skills as well as physical and mental abilities. It is the period when gender norms are either solidified, rejected or transformed. As adolescent girls and boys grow, they take on additional responsibilities, experiment with new ways of doing things and push for independence. It is times in which values and skills are developed that have great impact on well-being. Key developmental experiences The process of adolescence is a period of preparation for adulthood during which time several
Teenagers have a different concept of self in this phase of development. They try and form an identity for themselves and show increase in independence from family. According to Erikson (1968), the two main identity questions which emerge during adolescence are “Who am I?” and “What is my place in this world?”. When the person gets an answer to these questions, his identity is formed (Erikson, 1963). According to Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory,
Introduction Identity development is a complex process that is essential for the maturation of an individual. Children learn social behaviours through their interaction with the environment. The development of self-awareness shapes the conscious experiences (Durkin, 1995) The development of self-awareness in childhood aids in the further growth of identity in adolescence. Identity development occurs through collaboration of both innate and environmental factors. Initial concept of self in a new-born baby is considered as purely existential as the baby is aware of its existence however the physical differentiation of its existence from the surrounding social environment is not there yet (Cage, 2018).