The significance of diversity in Australia is supported by cultural and historical references in Bruce Woodley’s and Dobe Newton’s song ‘I am Australian’, reinforcing Australia’s diversity through a concept of ‘belonging’ between individuals and the land. The song celebrates association in diversity by acknowledging different ethnic backgrounds and significant events that took place in Australian history. The repetition conveyed in 'I am Australian' emphasises the message that everyone has the rights to feel intimately connected with the country with pride. This is further explored through the form in 'we are one but we are many' which provokes the story of a nation with respect and acceptance towards immigrants for our diverse multiculturalism.
1. It is a scientific fact that biodiversity is greatest near coral reefs and estuaries. But because of human influence coral reefs around the world are dying. Human coastal development, pollution, ocean warming, and ocean acidification are all things that threaten them. The World Research Institute estimated that about ¾ of the worlds shallow reefs are threatened by climate change, pollution, and overfishing. All in which are man made influences that affect the ocean greatly. It is predicted that by the year 2050 90% of the coral reefs on earth will be dead or threatened. Not only that but soil erosion, algae growth from fertilizer runoff, increased UV exposure, and damage from fishing and diving are just adding to the problem. However, the
Coral bleaching is not just a national problem that Australia faces alone. In the last year (2015), 12 percent of the world’s coral reefs have bleached (Howard). Since the Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest reef, covering 133,000 square miles, and stretching 1,200 miles along the coast of Australia, it poses an incredible threat to Australia’s economy and environment (Howard). Coral bleaching is not an issue that is often plastered all over the news or brought to people’s attention often. Coral Reefs, especially the Great Barrier Reef are seen as the perfect tourist destination because reefs are known for their wide variety of marine life and beautiful bright corals one would see on brochures. However, when a coral is bleached, it loses
Primary consumers are normally herbivores therefore they feed off of producers. There is a wide variety of herbivorous animals that reside in the Great Barrier Reef. These include invertebrates such as molluscs and echinoderms, as well as certain species of fish, the most notable being the parrotfishes, surgeonfishes, rabbitfishes, rudderfishes and damselfishes. The primary consumer’s role in the Great Barrier Reef’s food chain consists of them feeding off of the primary producers such as coral, therefore transferring the energy from the producer to consumer. The primary consumer only obtains around 10% of the producer’s energy as they may not eat the whole entity or energy might be lost through waste. The population of the largest and most significant vertebrate plants feeds, including sea turtles, dugongs, have been severely decimated by the impacts of humans on the reef. The loss of these vital animals has and will more severely disturb the coral reef food web in a significant manner, although the specific impacts are not clear
The beauty and significance of an Australian landscape is successfully conveyed in the poems through a variety of language forms and features. My Country by Dorothea Mackellar and Red by W.Les Russell are the medium through which poets express their feelings and love towards Australia. The poem Red by W.Les Russell reflects the Australian Indigenous spiritual, physical, social and cultural connection to Australia through flora, fauna and land. In addition, Dorothea Mackellar’s iconic poem ‘My Country’ highlights beauty that can be seen throughout the Australian landscape during different seasons and the poet depicts Australians
What is it about ‘the bush’ that is so special to Australians? The bush has an iconic status in Australian life and features strongly in any debate about Australian national identity. The Australian landscape was something that was uniquely Australian and very different to the European landscapes. It is a symbol for a national life. Today I will be analysing two poems that have contrasting views on what the Australian landscape means to them. Dorothea Mackellar’s ‘My Country’ talks positively about the country whereas Henry Lawson’s ‘Up the Country’ has a more negative view. Dorothea Mackellar was inspired by the experiences of Australians living and working in the bush. On the other hand, Henry Lawson believed that an Australian identity must
Developing countries, such as Ethiopia, are not yet advanced agriculturally and economically. Developed countries, such as Australia, are economically, agriculturally and technologically advanced. This booklet focuses on the health status of Australian children and children from the developing country Ethiopia. Health indicators and determinants are used to compare the children’s health status from both of these countries. Australia is a country and a continent. It is surrounded by the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean. Australia’s major cities are Sydney, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth, Adelaide and its capital city is Canberra, which is nicknamed the “Bush Capital”. The country is known for its Sydney Opera House, Great Barrier Reef, the vast Outback,
The Great Barrier Reef is actually the largest living thing on Earth. In fact, it can even be seen from space. The only problem with reefs is that they can only survive under a certain temperature range. If the temperature is too low or too high for the reefs, this causes the algae, which gives the coral their beautiful and bright colors, to leave the coral, and therefore causing the coral to become bleached (National Ocean Service). This is exactly what has happened this year. Data has recently been released that El Niño has caused complete bleaching of the Great Barrier Reef (The New York Times). Let that sink in, the World’s largest living thing, that has been around for about 500,000 years, is dying this year. People need to realize that
The purpose of this report is to investigate the impacts of urban development on biodiversity at stumers creek dog beach. This report will include data collected from the creek including; water samples, soil samples and animal and excrement surveys in order to determine the health of the environment.
In Indigenous Australians’ perspective, country means everything consisting of the air, water, land and stories of “Dreaming”. Country is dynamic and multilayered, forming culture, values and beliefs of existence between human and species. Country connects Indigenous Australian to their ancestral beings from the time of creation. Every living creature, family, kin and community is integral part and connected to the country. Loss of country precipitated by land dispossession is tantamount to loss of identity, family and independence.
As early as the 1500s, there are numerous historical documents and travel journals written by Portuguese, Dutch and British explorers proving that Australia was a continent habited by people described to be living in the “purest state of nature, and may appear to some to be the most wretched on Earth; but in reality they are far
The FKNMS is located off the tip of Florida containing over 1700 islands. These chains of islands are coral reefs that are just south from the Key Biscayne and extend southwest for approximately 126miles. These islands end about 90 miles north of Cuba. These islands are not suitable for people to live on because of there size. The FKNMS covers over 2800 square nautical miles. The FKNMS was established due to the demise of the coral reefs in the Keys. Low water quality, decline in coral reef habitats, and oil drilling eventually lead President George H. Bush to establish the FKNMS on November 16, 1990. FKNMS also contains the Key Largo and Looe Key sanctuaries, which were facing the same environmental challenges.
Coral reefs are one of the most diverse and complex habitats. They are one of the most interesting and colorful ecosystems found in the marine environment. They are very unique in many different ways and a crucial support for human life. They play also a very important role in the marine life such as giving shelter and food for millions of species including fishes, crabs, or shrimps. They support 33% of marine fish species. They also have specific and certain conditions to be formed, and to survive. They are also known as the “rainforest of the oceans” because of its huge diversity. In this research paper we will explore more about coral reefs and their importance.
Environmental impacts for example, Climate change, especially the rising ocean temperatures and Ocean Acidification is as of now influencing the Great Barrier Reefs Ecosystem. Coral bleaching coming about because of expanding ocean temperature and lower rates of calcification in skeleton-building life forms, for example, corals, because of sea acidification, are the impacts of most concern and are as of now obvious. Agricultural sources are adding to the waterfront and inshore territories of the Great Barrier Reef by expanded Nutrients, Sediments and different Pollutants in the catchment runoff. With the coastal population continuing to grow the coastal development grows which contributes to the modification
In terms of size, shape and location, Australia is unique in every aspect. This is due to the fact that Australia was cut off and isolated from the other world’s landmasses in accordance to the theory of the Continental Drift which has lead to Australia drifting off further, and as of now, resides in the Southern Hemisphere, Oceania, 35.3080° S, 149.1245° E surrounded by Indian and Pacific oceans and lying in the Indo-Australian plate. Because of its location and size, Australia is known to be an island, country and continent. With a total area of 7.692 million square kilometres, Australia is the 6th largest country on earth, yet the smallest