Hashimoto Thyroiditis Case Study

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This assignment is about Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis which is an endocrine disorder. I this assignment we will be looking at background knowledge about this disease and also, we will see what is it and what are the symptoms of it and how it can be diagnosed and at the end what are the treatments we can adopt to cure or control this disease. So, all these points are listed below in detail.
Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis:
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an endocrine disorder and it is a autoimmune condition that is the common cause of hypothyroidism or we can say the early stage of hypothyroidism. Body of patients suffering from this disease mounts an immune reaction against its own thyroid gland tissues which leads to the inflammation of the gland and the
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This disease is an autoimmune disease which means that the immune system of the body creates antibodies against the body’s thyroid gland as it is a foreign tissue. The cause of this autoimmune attack is still unknown but scientists are still working on it but some scientists say that this disease somehow associated with the other autoimmune conditions like type 1 diabetes or celiac disease. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis occurs in adulthood and it mostly occurs in women, it occurs 5-10 times more in women than men. In many cases when the blood was drawn from the patients suffering from Hashimoto’s thyroiditis there were antibodies in large number which works against thyroid-specific proteins which includes thyroperoxidase and thyroglobulin. How this condition leads to the hypothyroidism? Well there is a type of cell involved named T lymphocytes which cause inflammation by invading the thyroid gland and causing silent and painless inflammation and destroys the thyroid gland, leading to the little of no production of thyroid hormone which eventually leads to a situation named Hypothyroidism.
Symptoms of Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis:
Symptoms of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis mostly resembles the symptoms of hypothyroidism and few are different from the hypothyroid symptoms. They can mimic the symptoms of many other conditions that mean they are not specific. Well the symptoms of the Hashimoto’s
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Blood Sample carrying antibodies in it
3. Free T4 Test
Free T4 Test in determining the presence of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is very important. Free T4 is that portion of the T4 which is available for the use of the tissues. In Hashimoto’s disease brain thinks that the thyroid hormone is in less amount that means that T4 is also in less number in the body that’s why pituitary produce more TSH.
In those cases when TSH level becomes normal in the body, Free T4 level helps to identify the Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. So, this test is important in order to identify whether person is having Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or not.
Treatment of Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis:
As far as we are concerned with the treatment of the Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis, there is no cure for this disease right now because the timeframe of the continuation of the autoimmune process and the inflammation process is not known or not predictable. Most of the cases associated with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis end up having hypothyroidism.
Thyroid hormone medication can be used to replace the thyroid hormone but only those hormones which thyroid has made before the inflammation. There are two thyroid hormones T3 and T4, replacing one or both can alleviate the symptoms caused by the lack of hormones as the result of the Hashimoto’s

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