Hellhole Of Andersonville

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The Hellhole of Andersonville Andersonville, or Camp Sumter, stands out as the worst of the prisoner-of-war camps on either side in the American Civil War. The pressures on the South during the American Civil War created an environment in Andersonville that resulted in a large number of deaths. Prisoners were decimated by disease, dehydration, starvation, overpopulation, and execution during the fourteen months of Andersonville’s existence. It was one of the largest camps during the Civil War holding 45,000 or more prisoners. Built in 1864, Confederate officials decided to transfer federal prisoners to Richmond (Andersonville). The first prisoners arrived on February 25, 1864. Approximately four hundred people arrived each day (Council…show more content…
Some look at Captain Henri as a scapegoat from a failed Confederacy, while others see him as a murderer to inmates in Andersonville (Andersonville). Captain Henri’s cruelty was quickly visible. Captain Henri made sure the food handed out to the prisoners was decreased each day. Wirz had a reputation for his cruelty to prisoners and was also known as a murderer. One soldier testified that Wirz ordered a prisoner into the stocks during a rainstorm. The soldier observed the prisoner who was drowning and placed an umbrella over him and questioned Wirz, who replied, “Let the damned Yankee drown” (National Park Service Omnipresent and Omniscient). These actions toward the prisoners doomed Wirz ultimately. Captain Henri was arrested in May 7, 1865 at the prison. (Military Prison Career of Captain Henri Wirz). He was charged with conspiracy to kill or injure prisoners in violation of the laws of war and multiple counts of murder. Nearly 150 former prisoners, guards, Confederate officials, civilians, and medical staff testified against Wirz (Military Prison Career of Captain Henri Wirz). In Washington D.C. in 1865, before Captain Wirz hanging he told the officer in charge “I know what orders are Major. I’m being hanged for obeying them.” Though he was indifferent toward inmates, he was indeed a scapegoat and some evidence against him was…show more content…
These deaths occurred because of diseases and afflictions resulting from the crowded conditions, lack of adequate shelter, poor water supply, and nutritional needs not being met. Deaths also resulted from violence within Andersonville. This violence came in the form of gunshots from guards killing prisoners crossing the deadline and from violent encounters within the prison community itself, including six executions carried out against individuals convicted by the prisoners themselves. The hell that was Andersonville finally ended with the South’s surrender April
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