The Puritans were English Protestants who believed that the alterations of the Church of England did not go far enough. In their view the church was too Catholic. In England, the Puritans were people of political influence, but King Charles did not agree with their attempts to reform the church. There seemed to be no hope for them but to leave England because they were being persecuted. They believed in America they could establish a colony whose government, society, and church were all bases on the Bible.
This map shows the individual houses built closely together with the church erected in the middle of the village shows how the Puritans’ ideas greatly influenced the settlements near New England. The Puritans had many strict moral codes regarding the behavior of the people, such as no dancing, card playing, or skipping church services. Severe punishments awaited the culprit, including flogging, sitting in the stocks, or even banishment. Roger Williams was a well-educated clergyman who was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony because of his religious beliefs. In “A Plea for Religious Liberty”, he explains how the Puritan’s uniformity would end in destruction (F).
It was known as the “New England way” because so many New Englanders were Puritans (“ Puritans”). The pilgrims who made the dangerous journey on the Mayflower were Puritans (“Religion in the Colonies”). The Puritans disliked the Catholic Church and believed the English church should be completely separated from it and its practices (“Puritans”). They believed the Bible should be in the language of the people. Puritans believed that the pope was not ordained by God (“Puritans”).
They felt like society in England was corrupt and straying away from Christian belief so they sought for religious freedom and the idea that they could start a colony that would be whole and unified in God. By doing this, they ran into another form of division when they came across the Native Americans who were already habitants of the land. The Puritans looked at these people as if they were animals or savages and built a wall of division between the two different cultures of people. In John Smith’s, “A General History of Virginia, he said, “Each hour expecting the fury of the savages, when God, the patron of all good endeavors, in that desperate extremity so changed the hearts of the savages, that they brought such plenty of their fruits and provisions that no man wanted.” This just shows you of how they viewed the natives and since it wasn’t one of them, then they were bad people. Instead of trying to get along and work with the Indians, they fought them so that they could have land to establish their colony on.
Being very direct he describes, that telling a random stranger that God loves you is not biblical evangelism. Although, God loves them and the people should know that, they should also know the details. Paul provided a question for evangelist to ask instead, “Is the Holy Spirit so at work in your heart through the preaching of the gospel that a change has been wrought so that the sin you once loved you now hate and the sin you once desired to embrace?Do you want to go to heaven?” The idea to ask more direct questions rather than saying God loves you,say this prayer, now you will go to heaven is something that I can fully agree with. Paul put into perspective of how to talk to someone who is not a believer and provided
Puritans emerged from the Protestant reformation in the 1500’s, they believed in a total purification of English Christianity because of Henry VIII and his separation from the Roman Catholic Church. Eventually, due to the slow progress of the Protestant reformation, Puritans wanted to see the church of England rid of all catholic influence. With this new-found desire they began to structure their own beliefs and rules. These rulemakers were extremely devout Puritans, they believed that only “visible saints” should be allowed to attend church, meaning only people who could feel grace in their souls and openly demonstrate it to their fellow Puritans could set foot in church. This differed from the church of England, which allowed all subjects
Throughout the novel Wise Blood by Flannery O'connor her main focus is religion. In the novel the protagonist Hazel Motes tries to deny the inevitable. "Two things I can't stand," Haze said, "-a man that ain't true and one that mocks what is." This quote means that even though hazel motes preaches to a type of antichrist church he still doesn't like it when someone pretends to be a preacher to make some money. This matters because hazel motes kills solace to prove his point that if you don't believe in christ you aren't a sinner.
Anne accused the ministers of preaching only The Covenant of Works, which is an accusation that assaulted the heart of the Puritan Beliefs, that faith mattered most. Accusing the Puritan minsters of teaching only a covenant of works is equivalent to accusing them of being no better than the Church of England, which was what caused the movement to begin in the first place because they wanted to save the church of
Roger Williams was one of the first Puritans in the New World to truly seek religious freedoms for all. Roger Williams had several issues with the power that the Church had over its subjects and the way in which they would impose their views onto others, even when the Puritans themselves had fled England to avoid religious persecution. Williams made many claims that upset those in power in the colonies, one of which being that the English had no claim to the land and that the charter granted by King James did not give them the authority to take the land away from the Native Americans. Williams saw that the Church should stay away from the civil matters of the State, removing the justification that God granted the King the authority for a charter.
Puritans believed humans to be inherently evil, needing to work to earn God’s grace. The only way to do this was to make a person’s life completely centered around God, devoid of any corruption or worldliness. This was the reason for their move to America. Unsurprisingly, this train of thought also made its way into their writing, which has a style known as Puritan Plain Style. However, this way of thinking was not welcomed by the Church of England, leading them to move to the American colonies.