Eli Whitney’s invention helped give slavery a new life in the 1700s and 1800s (11). Eli Whitney was a mechanical engineer, who was the first to invent the cotton gin. The cotton gin is a machine that quickly and efficiently separates cotton fibers from their seeds (2). His machine moves like brush like teeth through the raw cotton, which makes the hard task go by faster. The cotton gin grew to produce a thousand pounds of cotton a day in the 18th century (11).
The cotton gin had a huge effect on slavery and the south. The north wanted slavery to end but it was carried out until 1865 due to the cotton industry (7). The south benefited the most because cotton thrived there and fastly became the world's largest producer of cotton (11). As the …show more content…
Between 1787 and 1808, 250,000 new slaves arrived in the U.S. because of the cotton boom (2). Plantation owners were involved in the slave trade which was the transporting and selling humans as slaves. When selling the slaves, prices varied depending on the person's skin color, sex, age and location (3). In 1834, a man named Joseph Ingraham wrote about the slave trade said that “to sell cotton in order to buy negroes—to make more cotton to buy more negroes, ‘ad infinitum,’ is the aim and direct tendency of all the operations of the thorough going cotton planter; his whole soul is wrapped up in the pursuit (3).” Families were separated because of the slave trade. Plantation owners would and could easily sell husbands from wives, parents from children, and brothers from sisters (12). A women named Mary Armstrong, who experienced slavery said this about her owner and the separating for families "so mean he never would sell the man and woman and (children) to the same one. He'd sell the man here and the woman there and if (there were children) he'd sell them someplace else …show more content…
Slaves were treated like property that plantation owners could do whatever they wanted with. In the south, slaves were a symbol of success ,so, plantation owners wanted as much slaves as they could afford (7). Plantation owners with 20 or more slaves were considered the true upper class (7). When slaves arrived to a plantation they would usually have to build their own houses. Most of the time the houses were made out of wooden shacks with dirt floors (13). When the slaves would go to bed they would sleep on straws or old rags which didn’t provide any warmth (4). The plantation owners provide the clothes for the slaves when they got to the plantation. Unfortunately, the clothes were really bad material and didn’t fit properly (4). Slaves were expected to work morning to night in the cotton fields. During harvest season, most of the slaves would work a 18 hour day (10). A women named Sarah Ashley, who experienced the slavery, said “I used to have to pick cotton and sometimes I pick 300 pound and tote it a mile to the cotton house. Some pick 300 to 800 pound cotton and have to tote the bag the whole mile to the gin. If they didn’t do they work they get whip till they have blister on them... (14).” It was very exhausting, hot and tiring work to work in the cotton fields. It was also a lot of work physically with no breaks. Even kids at the age of 12 would be almost working the same jobs as the adults (10). Slaves that got
The federal government also had the slaves build forts and other public building located in the South. Furthermore, slaves were too owned by businessmen, merchants, lawyers, and civil servants. By 1860, in the Upper South, two hundred thousands slaves worked in the industry, especially in the ironworks and tobacco factories. Many small farmers and manufacturers would rent slaves from plantations with their permissions of the slave's owners to go do some labor with them. Some, but not many, owners would trust their slaves with extensive responsibilities.
Eli Whitney invented a machine called the cotton gin. This used a wire screen in combination with small hooks to pull the cotton fibers though. The gin in cotton gin is short for the word engine. The cotton gin could clean more cotton in a few hours than a couple of workers could in one day (Birking). When Whitney arrived i gorga cleaning green cotton was still a hand jod.
In the beginning years after America had finally claimed their independence from Britain, it began the long tremendous journey of American Ingenuity. From this there was the production of many essential inventions to society, that would leave an impact on the world for the rest of time. Some inventions that produced this impact was the telegraph, airplanes and the power looms. One of the most notable inventors of this time period was Eli Whitney who created three inventions that left a tremendous influence on the agriculture and American progress. Eli Whitney was originally born in Westborough, Massachusetts a few years before America gained their independence.
Escaping slavery while trying to keep track of young children was vey risky. Because of this, the men of the family would escape and often times, leave their wives and children behind. Doing so put his entire family at risk. The wife would most likely get a severe whipping because the masters knew that they knew where their husbands were. The master would often times sell the family off to someone new just in case the man of the family decided to come back for the rest of the
The slaves’ men had to do manual labor in the sugar plantation throughout the day and guarding the same at night. They had no rights of getting an education since their masters presumed that doing so will enlighten them. The slaves were denied the fundamental principle of life such as education, the right of having a family. For instance, Stuart was the only black student in the
The working conditions were frustrating and stressful. Genders and different cultures were not treated equally and nicely. The living conditions were terrible and in one small little hut made of grass you would have to share it with like forty people. It was very unsanitary and they had to give up living with family and in their own house for three years and little pay.(stated from the article “Plantation Life”)
The majority of slaves bought were used for labor in the owner’s plantation, only a selected few worked on the domestic duties of the household. The slave's job type determined their quality of food, clothing and shelter they would be provided. Domestic slaves worked in the house and their duties included: cleaning, cooking and tending to their owners demands. Working inside the house these slaves were usually better feed, given hand me down from their owners and living quarters were usually within the home and nicer than field slaves received. Field slaves would tend to the needs of the plantation which included harvesting crops, animal care and any outdoor chore that need to be completed.
The jobs that the slaves had were undoubtedly difficult. However, the slaves on plantations had jobs that usually required much more heavy physical labor. “For the bulk of the southern population-free and slave-engaged in agriculture, life was mean and labor was
In the year of 1793, the creation behind the cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney. His invention revived the economy of the South. The cotton gin was useful because it allowed the slaves to clean more cotton faster and it cut down the amount of time it took to do so. This also helped save the slaves from having to pick out all the seeds one by one from the cotton balls. As stated by Maureen Romero, “The South became the cotton producing part of the country because Whitney’s cotton gin was able to successfully pull out the seeds from the cotton bolls.”
No matter your stance at the time, one thing became clear: socially, politically and economically, slavery was the fabric of American success and gave birth to the Old South as we know it today. At the center of the entire institution of slavery, and central to its defense, was the economic domination it provided a young country in international markets. In the early 19th century, cotton was a popular commodity and overtook sugar as the main crop produced by slave labor. The production of cotton became the nation’s top priority; America supplied ¾ of the cotton supply to the entire world.
first and foremost ¨Life of slaves meant working basically non stop until sundown six days a week and having food sometimes not suitable for an anyone to eat. Plantation slaves lived in small shacks with a dirt floor and little or no furniture. Life on large plantations with a cruel overseer was oftentimes the worst. However, work for a small farm owner who was not doing well could mean not being fed. Although domestic slaves had a better life they were still mistreated.
Slaves cut down all stalks of sugar which was one of the hardest jobs on the plantation (Document 8A). Since there was so much work to do on a plantation a 500 acre plantation could have a minimum of 300 slaves working long painful days (Document 6A). Slaves were put through tons of work and since they were slaves they were not paid and the only people that were paid were overseers (Document 7A). Slaves were highly common on plantations and did the hardest and the majority of the jobs
During this time period, blacks had many different statuses. Some were slaves forever, some were like indentured servants. They were allowed to actually own property, get married and after they served their time they were freed. Slaves were at the bottom of the social order but the individuals above them were not much better. The white people that were poor did not have as many hardships because they always thought at least they were not slaves, even though they were towards the bottom of the social structure.
The increase in profits led to the demand for more slaves to help plant and harvest the cotton. The slaves were no longer needed in the removal of seeds from cotton but were needed in increase numbers for planting and harvesting. There was a direct correlation between the increase in cotton production and the increase in slave populations
Slaves usually worked in the fields all day and some worked in the house of the owner of the farm or plantation. “Each worker could raise about three acres of tobacco, but it was expensive to buy or lease a slave. The farmer had to balance the cost of an extra worker against the profit he would gain from planting more acres of tobacco. Small planters usually had fewer than five slaves, including children” (“What Was the Role of Children on an 18th-century Virginia Farm?”). Because there were few slaves on many of the smaller farms it was hard for slaves to make families.