Between 1973 and 2017,157 innocent people were put on the death row before the case was solved. Some of the criminals were guilty, but they were put to death because the legal system failed to prove the innocence of the criminal. The United States is one of the five countries where the death penalty still exists. Criminals who are sentenced to death are placed in single cell rooms while waiting for their execution. All inmates can do while on the death row is to sit in the small cells and wait for death to come.
In the case of Commonwealth v. John E. DuPont (1996), the defendant John DuPont was convicted in February 1997 of guilty, but mentally ill, with a verdict of third-degree murder. DuPont and his defense team had tried repeatedly to persuade the jury that he was legally insane. The definition of legally insane includes that the defendant did not know the nature of the act he or she committed or did not know it to be wrong. After weeks of testimony the jury determined that DuPont was mentally ill, but was legally sane. Meaning the jury felt that beyond a reasonable doubt the DuPont was guilty of murder, although mentally ill, at the commission of the crime.
This was later carried out through twenty-six other states, including the U.S., which created a precedent against the execution of the mentally ill in 1986. Even though the mentally ill cannot be executed, if the person who claimed mental illness is no longer mentally ill he or she can be executed. While the insanity plea proves that some criminals are mentally unstable, it should be used with caution because many convicted criminals abuse it during court cases, imitate being mentally ill during an examination, and are able to avoid the death penalty. Despite that the insanity plea can potentially help someone in defense for a mental illness case, many people can also take advantage of these precedents to alleviate their trials. The public in most insanity plea cases, do not typically agree with the rulings because most criminals use the
This can make a reader feel like they are buying into societal norms, and that it is not okay with humans doing such thing since it is not always right. Ryan then explains how the death penalty is not fair to everyone, murderer that some get sentenced to death row and some do not. He questions if this penalty is really meant for closure he states “Some advocate the death penalty as necessary to provide needed closure to surviving family members who have experienced the unspeakable horror of having a loved family member murdered” (Ryan) Closure is something that is to given to every family as he explains, that many murders are not sentenced to death
There are a number of practical arguments made for the death penalty. Because the death penalty is such a powerful construct, many argue that it decreases crime rates through deterrence. While many believe that the death penalty is more of a deterrent than a lengthy prison sentence, the very concept of ‘deterrence’ is argued by many as inapplicable to criminal psychology, especially if mental illness is involved. Criminals rarely think about the consequences of their actions and this is especially true with crimes of passion. By killing felons, the death penalty removes the burden of housing them within the penitentiary system.
The capital punishment is when somebody commits a crime so bad that prosecutors think that killing them and taking their life away is the best way to punishment by doing lethal injection, firearms. This usually happens in cases of murder or sexual assault. The average time on death row before execution has risen from 6 years to 16 years. I believe that it is critical that the death penalty becomes abolished because we won 't be taking away somebody else 's life or killing
Society has taken it one step further and elaborated the different degrees of murder. Society frowns down upon murder and is taken very seriously so that no one is wrongly convicted. When a person is convicted of murder the punishment still varies between the severities of the murder case. If it was manslaughter, the convicted would have to pay a fine and serve time for their recklessness. First degree and second degree murder convictions can range from a few years to life in prison and in some cases the death penalty.
The idea of someone being so mentally ill that he or she is unable of comprehending his or her actions and should not be held accountable for them has been a long-standing doctrine in the justice system. Since it was established in 1843, there has been a lot of controversy surrounding the subject. While many people think that the insanity defense is just a ‘Get Out Of Jail Free’ card, however, I think that the insanity defense not only assists the mentally ill , but also benefits everyone else as well. Firstly, having the insanity defense administers help to those in need of it. Secondly, the mentally ill may not be suitable for rough prison life.
Behind closed doors, many patients receive abuse or neglect that only worsens their state. In fact, the NCEPOD clinical coordinator states that over half of the patients admitted into mental institutions receive “poor physical and mental healthcare” (Source C) that disrupts their road to recovery. Although the private nature of mental hospitals aids in the help of the ill, it allows the underpaid staff to do as they please. Another side to this rebuttal is the topic of gun control and how easy someone with a mental illness can obtain one. This controversial subject has been on the minds of the American people since after the passage of the second amendment that allowed us the right to own guns.
This lack in faith is reinforced by the unlikelihood of convicting the attacker. If a crime is reported to police it is usually dismissed due to a lack of evidence. Many instances of sexual assault are often labeled as "unfounded" by police, meaning the police disregard the report as hearsay since there was insufficient evidence to convict an attacker(Doolittle, 2017). Usually, the cases labeled unfounded ( after being reviewed by police) found no violation against the law. The Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (UCR) (an overview of sexual assaults compiled by police) does not include cases of unfounded sexual assault as they are either unreliable and create discrepancies regarding reporting(Rotenburg, 2017).
Do you yearn to get into the deranged minds of criminals like the infamous Jeffrey Dahmer? When you become a highly trained doctor of forensic psychology, you get to do the job of the hit T.V show characters Dr. Huang from Law & Order: SVU and Dr. Reid from Criminal Minds. Police, judges, juries, and lawyers are all unable to determine if felons are mentally insane or fit for trial, nor are they able to counsel victims. However, the recently sought-after study of forensic psychology is able to consolidate the divide between legal matters and the mental processes of these criminals. Become part of a field that is recognized as one of the most undeniably important parts of today 's legal system by becoming a forensic psychologist (Watchel).
American sniper Chris Kyle was murdered February 2, 2013. His murderer Eddie Ray Routh plead insane and blamed mental illness, he was found guilty of his crimes and sentenced to life in prison after the evidence of him ordering fast food after the murder was brought forth. An act he cannot perform with his “mental illness.” Ruth Lee Johnson J.D. graduate of Harvard Law school writes about the defense saying “Insanity is a legal term, not a medical term.” This gives the jury the power to determine insanity, opposed to a psychologist. Does the jury have the qualifications to make such decisions and even if some are truly insane how can you differentiate between them and those who want an easy way out?
Death penalty is worst than life sentence because with life sentence you still have the ability to breathe, walk, and talk. With the death penalty you aren 't capable of doing anything but lay there. 70% of the people who were executed were because of rape or murder. Nike got the slogan “Just do it” from a man 's last word before getting executed. Should the death penalty be accepted even though god said “thou shalt not kill”.
Another defense sometimes used by prosecutors is the plea of "temporary insanity"; this essentially amounts to a claim of a crime of passion. In an eerily similar manner to crimes committed under the influence of PTSD, this defense is used for someone who had a temporary loss of being able to tell right from wrong due to an extreme traumatic experience. Most jurors are unsympathetic to this claim (Rubinstein). The largely unseen counter worlds of empirical reality, behavioral advance, scientific discovery, and philosophical inquiry paint quite a different picture. Empirically, the insanity defense is rarely used, is less frequently successful, and generally results in maximum security facilities (often far more restrictive than prisons or reformatories) for far longer periods of time than the defendants would have been subject to had they been sentenced criminally (Perlin.)