Civil rights leader, Martin Luther King Jr, in his Letter from Birmingham City Jail, argues against criticism from eight Alabama clergymen, and addresses their concerns. He defends his position, and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), against accusations of disturbing the peace in Birmingham, as well as explaining his values and opinions. Throughout the letter, King adopts a strong logical and credible tone, and reinforces his position through the use of strong emotional justifications, in order to appeal to the clergymen and defend his public image. Martin Luther King opens up his Letter from Birmingham City Jail by appealing to the clergymen's emotions, and assuring his peaceful response, which he describes in "patient and
Dr. Martin Luther King Junior’s Letter from the Birmingham Jail is a profoundly devised letter. However, whether his piece delivers Dr. King’s desirable message to the clergy men or to many white Americans is what I find questionable. And there are two reasons for my uncertainties. Firstly, I do not understand how badly opposed the white moderates and the KKK groups were towards African Americans and vice versa, and that is my fault. Secondly, I do not understand fully the mentality perspective of the majority of Anti-Black Americans during the 1950s, which is Dr. King’s fault.
Martin Luther King Jr. was an American baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the Civil Rights Movement in 1954. He had a great impact on race relations in the U.S. and he made a great impact on many lives. He died in 1968. Dr. King wrote 2 famous works, “Dream” and “Birmingham” and each had a different audience and purpose. Both works utilizes the persuasive techniques of pathos in “Dream” and logos in “Birmingham.”
JoAnna Guzman AP English Period 4 Mrs. Solis 5 February 2018 Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. letter “ Letter from Birmingham Jail” was a response to eight Alabama clergymen of 1963. The clergymen had accused King of being an “outsider” and interfering with the racial issues of the community of Birmingham. When writing in response to the eight clergymen from Alabama Martin Luther King Jr. uses the rhetorical device of historical and biblical allusions.
King wants to persuade the clergyman that African Americans have the same rights as white people. The very first sentence Martin Luther King Jr. states “My dear fellow clergymen” to show the clergymen he is just like them (Martin 490). When he is says this at the beginning of the letter he is directly confronting them. King wants to prove to these clergymen he is not any different. He is still human with the same religion even though he is colored skin.
Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most influential leader and spokesperson in the civil rights movement. During one of the peaceful protests over the treatment of blacks in Birmingham, Alabama, King was arrested and sent to jail. While he was in jail he received backlash from eight prominent white clergy who men and responded by writing the famous “Letter from Birmingham Jail”. This letter perfectly expresses King’s feelings toward the unjust events and it is also an example of a well written argument. The intended audience for this letter was not just the eight clergy men but also for any whites who believed the black community should stop protesting and let time take over their fate.
Civil rights leader and social activist Martin Luther King Jr. wrote a world renown correspondence, Letter From Birmingham Jail, in April of 1963, during a time when segregation was at it’s peak in the South. When King was making his mark in American history, the United States was experiencing great social unrest due to the injustice towards their colored citizens, which would lead to social rights rallies and unnecessary violence. In response to King’s peaceful protesting, the white community viewed “[his] nonviolent efforts as those of an extremist,” and subsequently imprisoned the pastor (para 27). King specifically wrote to the white clergymen who had earlier addressed a letter to him as to why he was apprehended, in which they argued that his actions were untimely and unconstitutional. In response, King emphasized that justice is never timely, and the refusal to acknowledge equal rights was inhumane and regressive.
In paragraphs 33 to 44 of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s response to “A Call for Unity,” a declaration by eight clergymen, “Letter from Birmingham Jail” (1963), he expresses that despite his love for the church, he is disappointed with its lack of action regarding the Civil Rights Movement. Through powerful, emotionally-loaded diction, syntax, and figurative language, King adopts a disheartened tone later shifts into a determined tone in order to express and reflect on his disappointment with the church’s inaction and his goals for the future. King begins this section by bluntly stating that he is “greatly disappointed” (33) with the church, though he “will remain true to it as long as the cord of life shall lengthen” (33). By appealing to ethos and informing the audience of his history with the church, he indicates that he is not criticizing the church for his own sake, but for the good of the church.
On August 28, 1963, thousands of people gathered near the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. to hear the leader of one of the greatest freedom protests in history. Martin Luther King Jr. was a pastor from the south, the elected leader of the bus boycotts. His speech that day in Washington is one of the most eminent pieces of oral literature. His dissent to the shameful conditions was painfully obvious. There was a reason his speech touched the hearts of so many and caused congress to take action.
Once stated by John Kennedy, “Conformity is the jailer of freedom and the enemy of growth. Changes are first created by taking steps like Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X, leaders in the battle to achieve racial equality. Dr. King’s message in his “I Have a Dream” speech at the march on Washington in 1963, was one of positivity and hope that the empty promises of the American government would soon be fulfilled. He hoped to achieve racial equality through integration rather than separating people from others. Dr. King experienced a loving and stable home where his grandfather and father were both involved in the ministry.
When it comes to America's History you can clearly see how peaceful protest has brought this world to what it is today. If it wasn't for people such as Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks who voiced their opinions in a nonviolent manner, it's possible that our world would not have reached this equivalent state. While it is true that peaceful resistance has positively affected our society for centuries, these brave people have faced the consequences. For example, King was arrested after one of his nonviolent protests and sent to Birmingham Jail. While there he wrote the now famous piece "A Letter From Birmingham Jail".
After doing peaceful demonstration, King was arrested. While Martin Luther king Jr was in Birmingham jail, he came across the clergymen statement calling his peaceful demonstration “unwise and untimely”. So he wrote the letter to the Clergymen explaining the reason why he was in Birmingham. He states that the reason he was in Birmingham because the injustice was here. Like Apostle Paul left his village in spread of gospel in the far corner of Rome, he also will do the same thing to spread the gospel of freedom beyond his own town and that’s the reason he was in Birmingham.
King uses rhetoric in The Letter of Birmingham Jail to advance his purpose powerfully. King writes this letter as a response to the eight clergymen that indirectly target his actions and state false accusations. These eight clergymen do not understand the rationale King advocates throughout his non-violent protests, therefore King retaliates by writing a letter. This letter uses rational tone throughout to get these eight men and even more so the public to understand the purpose of his activist movements.