According to King, what hardships do African Americans face ? give two examples from the speech. Dr. Martin Luther king talked about many troubling issues of which he and his fellow African American citizens faced. One of the issues was racial injustice they have suffered from the hands of whites and the constant discrimination from whites. From lines 10-15 he claims that the negro is on a lonely island of poverty and finds him in exile in his own land and with injustice he claims in lines 20-24 he clearly talks about the injustice that was done to them because they were promised freedom and rights and in return they were given racism and disrespect.
King used metaphors from all kinds of donor domains, for instance; the donor domain of nature: “lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity” (7) and “to lift our nation from the quick sands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood” (22). In these two examples, King used the domain of nature in order to describe the inequality that his group was suffering from. Later on, King used the term “heat” in positive and negative way as in; “this sweltering summer of the Negro 's legitimate” (25) and “Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression” (56). Lakoff and Turner (1989) claimed that metaphor is non-reversible, i.e. the word heat could be mapped onto a positive concept as in “sweltering summer of the Negro 's legitimate” and onto negative concept as in “the heat of injustice […], the heat of oppression”.
Martin Luther King wanted to spark emotion in both the African American and white audience. He wanted to spark the emotion in the African American for them to join the non-violence movement. Dr. King said, “but there is a type of constructive nonviolent tension that is necessary for growth” to bring emotion in fellow African American to the growth of racial equality. He wanted to spark the emotion in the White community to lessening the aggressiveness by giving insight on the everyday life of the African American. In paragraph 10 he quotes, “But when you have seen vicious mobs lynch your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at whim; when you have seen hate-filled policemen curse, kick, brutalize, and even kill your black brothers and sisters with impunity”.
The common theme within King’s metaphors are comparing the hardships of african americans and a future filled with equality by using light and dark. “It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long nights of their captivity.” daybreak to symbolizing the freedom to come, and the night to symbolize the long enslavement of african americans. King talks about the movement being a “great beacon of light to millions.” showing that this movement is the hope needed to breakthrough this hardship. This persuades the audience towards realizing how unequal african americans have actually been treated, and puts their situation into
This is shown by the countless arguments against slavery he delivers during his speech. Feredick states that his main point of his speech is how America is being untrue to their founding principles, by treating blacks like they are not real humans. Douglass concludes with an optimistic note saying eventually anti-slavery will triumph over pro-slavery. This helps further deepen his point that blacks deserve freedom because they are humans just like
William Llyod Garrison is probably the one white abolitionist that everyone will remember, and I really like how Garrison justified Turner’s rebellion. He claimed that it’s only normal for the Africans Americans to be angry and “uncivilized” when they were treated as if they were objects, and it would be hypocritical for people accuse them for their angers. Based on this justification, I see Garrison more as a humanitarian, rather than a diplomat. In the long quote by Garrison, he questioned why the Constitution did not abolish slavery if the Constitution was supposedly the “scared” doctrine that forms the basis of the United States of America. Because I see Garrison more as a humanitarian than a diplomat, I understand why the Constitution
Stewart began with a casual use of irony in the form of sarcasm to mock the perspective of white slave owners who relegate work to their black slaves who “were lazy and idle” even though the lifestyle which their black slaves sustain allows the laziness and idleness of the slave owners themselves. Her use of figurative language, which appealed to pathos, emphasized the long toil for freedom which likens the slaves’ tired spirit to their tired bodies which the white abolitionists have never experienced: “I reply to it, the whites have so long and proudly proclaimed the theme of equal rights and privileges, that our souls have caught the flame also, ragged as we are.” Although the white abolitionists preach equality and privilege for all, the
Critiquing the approach of prominent civil rights activists, who in his view were invested in a strategy of racial uplift that would only benefit a few selected African Americans, by largely upholding the racial and social status quo -- at the cost of the vast majority of Blacks in the country, whose situation was further deteriorating, Carmichael developed his more inclusive, grassroots oriented approach of black empowerment. Countering a politics of respectability that had proved ineffective in changing the hearts and minds of the great majority of Whites, Carmichael advocated a politics that centered on the interests of African Americans in a way that would end what he perceived as a vicious circle, the constant reliance on the fleeting goodwill of Whites. Informed by his own experiences in Lowndes County, Alabama, Carmichael advocated a strategy of local organizing that diverged from the civil rights movement’s narrow focus and dependence on the national Democratic Party. Instead of catering votes to the Democrats and hoping that they would make good on their promises, Carmichael argued that African Americans should form their own organizations. These would function as a power basis for future negotiations in the political realm.
In the book, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, Frederick Douglass reveals his life as a slave and the valuable lessons he learned from his experience. Douglass wants the truth about slavery to be revealed and wants to eliminate the lies that portray slavery as beneficial. Douglass exposes the reality of slavery by criticizing the “romantic image” of slavery, showing the intellectual capabilities slaves had, and revealing the reasons why slaves were disloyal to each other. Douglass criticizes the southern, romantic image of slavery by exposing the harsh treatment and sadness that slaves endured. It was southerners who thought slavery as beneficial, because it benefited themselves and white society.
He focuses on the rise to success, for America and for the American Negro. Washington introduces the success within “his” people the negroes and how far they have prospered. Washington’s speech gave two perspectives, the radicals believed that it was a surrender to the white population, however the others believed a much different side, a side whereas blacks were to prosper. Du Bois believes that the way in which Washington speaks about the Negro is not helpful to African-Americans. Washington focused on industrial education, accumulation of wealth, and the conciliation of the South.
In paragraph 10 of “Of Our Spiritual Strivings,” W. E. B. Du Bois develops and refines the word “prejudice” by introducing it as the white man’s defense against barbarism and ignorance before contrasting this explanation with the actual effects of prejudice on African Americans. Du Bois begins by writing that white men explain the “shadow of vast despair” that covers African Americans to be the “natural defense of culture against barbarism, learning against ignorance, purity against crime, [and] the ‘higher’ against the ‘lower’ races.” In other words, the white man sees prejudice as a good and necessary method for maintaining an orderly society. Du Bois then explain how African Americans fully support the idea of protecting society when he
The black slaves endeavored to escape from their owners to search for their family. Howard Zinn said, “And one of these conditions would be the elimination of that class exploitation which has made poor whites desperate for small gifts of status, and has prevented that unity of black and white necessary for joint rebellion and reconstruction. Will the reconstruction of society occur? Racism is a systematic form of oppression that exists today. The United States is the great experiment of democracy in which all races in society are able to live peacefully.
These men 's utterances tell of a minority group that had been oppressed yet it had all the rights as humans. The African-Americans were thought to be inferior by the Whites, yet they worked so hard in the plantations to feed the (Whites Berry, 1994). The Whites used oppression to suppress the rights of the African-Americans. The abolitionists supported the rights of the African-Americans, and they hoped that one day, the African-Americans would be recognized as citizens of America, just like the
"Ruler asked blacks to win their legitimate place in the public eye by increasing sense of pride, high good models, diligent work and initiative. He additionally asked blacks to do this in a peaceful matter," The distinction is in Malcolm X and Martin Luther King 's experiences impacted their later perspectives. As a dark youth, Malcolm X was insubordinate and furious. He faulted the poor social conditions that blacks lived in on the whites. "His past ghetto life set him up to dismiss peacefulness and coordination and to acknowledge a solid separatist theory as the reason for dark survival," He even accepted at one time that whites were operators of the villain.
In George Washington Cable’s work, he is exposing attention to the injustice and mistreatment of African Americans in the south during the time of slavery in the United States. Additionally, he is wanting to bring positive attention to the African Americans by stating how accomplished the nation has grown with the African American efforts, especially given their cruel circumstances. Once slaves have become “freedmen”, Cable states the treatment of a “freed” black individual is still not the same and that although they are stated as “freedmen”, they are still chained as socially inferior in the eyes of whites.