The Columbian Neo Indian Exchange, which happened in the year 1492 can be described as being an exchange of ideas, food, crops, diseases and populations between the New and Old world. The reason why this particular time period is of such importance is because not only would these events would have had an impact on the people living in this era but it would also change the future forever. I will be paying particular attention to some of the new things people of the New World would have been exposed to during the period. In this essay I will focus on crops, technology, livestock, disease and religion. Plants that were involved in the Columbian Exchange had an affect on the culture and state of economy with both the New and Old worlds.
During the earliest years, Europeans started to begin colonizing the Americas due to Christopher Columbus discovering it in 1942. The Spanish in Central and South America while the English in North America. In the New World, they have encountered Indians and their interaction with each other resulted in having an impact on the lifestyle and cultivation of the Europeans and Indians. While the English, Spanish, and French colonists established settlements near Indian lands, they began to communicate with each other which results in trading and reshaping habits. For instance, in the article of Colin Calloway, he states, "Europeans...adapted items of Indian manufacture into their material
Historians differ on what they think about the net result of the European arrival in the New World. Considering that the Columbian Exchange, which refers to “exchange of plants, animals, people, disease, and culture between Afro-Eurasia and the Americas after Columbus sailed to the Americas in 1492,” led to possibly tens of millions of deaths on the side of the American Indians, but also enabled agricultural and technological trade (Henretta et al. 42), I cannot help but reflect on whether the effects should be addressed as a historical or a moral question. The impact that European contact had on the indigenous populations of North America should be understood as a moral question because first, treating it as a historical question is difficult due to lack of reliable historical evidence; second, the meaning of compelling historical claims is contestable as the academic historian perspective tends to view the American Indian oral history as invalid; and finally, what happened to the native Indians is morally repulsive and must be discussed as such. The consequences of European contact should be answered as a moral question because historically, it is hard to be historically objective in the absence of valid and dependable historical evidence.
European exploration of the West began in 1500 and continued to flourish for over three centuries. While colonizing this new land, Europeans first came into contact with the native peoples. European religious views, gender roles, and land ownership shaped their interactions with Native Americans. The English, for example, practiced Christianity, while the Native Americans possessed a more spiritual and animalistic religion. Native American societies were heavily reliant on women for not only household duties, but also agricultural responsibilities.
New technologies, Different religions, and different lifestyle techniques caused tensions between the European Explorers and the American Indians, which often lead to war and enslavement. However, forming trading systems and slowly absorbing one another 's language allowed for a short time of safer coexistence between both peoples. Disease played a critical factor in the adaptation of the two groups as well striking fear in the Indians while giving Europeans a sense of empowerment. Around this time period, Europeans were experiencing a Renaissance, which produced several new technologies and ideologies. Advanced ships, precise maps, and the compass allowed the Europeans to begin exploring around the world, initiating the age of exploration.
The Columbian Exchange between the new world and the old world significantly change people’s lives. After 1492, Europeans brought in horses to America which changes the nomadic Native American groups’ living from riding on buffalos to horses. This interchange also change the diet of the rest of the world with foods such as corns (maize), potatoes which are major diet for European nowadays. Besides all the animals from old world to the new world, Spanish also brought in the diseases that Native Americans were not immune of, such as smallpox which led to a large amount of Native Americans’ deaths.
During the thousands of years before the arrival of European contact, the Native American people developed an inventive and creative culture. They had created a very well round colonization among the extensive land. The year 1492 the Spaniards allowed for Christopher Columbus's voyage of discovery began a series of developments. Columbus traveling in hopes of finding faster route to Asia for trade and riches. While he never truly ended up there, the new found land was viewed as an opportunity for new riches.
Debate I believe the colonies and everyone living there should remain loyal to England. Many close people in my life agree with me, such as my husband, Sir William Johnson, a British official. My brother, Joseph Brant, a Native american who was with the British government. I belie the colonists will take our land, and England would never take our land.
Lastly, is the forest floor layer. This layer is dark, humid and full of many dead leaves, branches and dead plants. The forest floor is generally clear of vegetation with slight or no winds and rains reaching there. The forest floor is dark due to the deep darkness created by 100 feet of canopy plants above that are preventing the sunlight from entering the forest. It is estimated that only two percentage of the sunlight actually reaches the floor.
I am writing this letter to tell you that me and couple of the men of the ship are doing fine, some of our men have died from hunger and from the ship crash that we’ve had recently, and here I am with the men in an island being welcomed by the native indians that helped us through. The native indians are extremely welcoming people in my point of view, they helped us when the ship crashed, they gave us food, water, and shelters for us to live in since we didn't have anything anymore. The native americans are the opposite of what I thought, when I saw them after the crash I thought they would kill us and sacrifice us to their gods, when actually they are celebrating and trying to fill us with happiness, instead of thinking about our lost of the ship. They are emotionally understanding people of what I've seen, they felt our sorrow and sadness of losing our ship from the recent occurring hurricane that led us to this island.
Since their initial encounter with the Europeans in the late fifteenth century, Native Americans have lost a tremendous amount of their beliefs, values, and tribal practices. This loss in social cohesion has been the outcome of the cultural clash, or conflict between cultures, with the colonization of the Americas by the Europeans. The social distinction between the members of indigenous populations and the Spaniards resulted in the formation of new races and religion, which is accounted to be part of the reason for the diversity of culture in the Americas today. Articles such as: “Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico,” “Body and Soul Among the Maya,” “Indigenous Eroticism and Colonial Morality in Mexico,” and “Art and Society in Highland
When the English settlers came over to the Americas they were not expecting to find indigenous people already there. These people were the Native Americans. Over time the English settlers formed one of two relationships with the Native Americans that they encountered. Some of the English and indigenous people became allies and worked together in hopes of benefiting their own society. Other groups of English and Native Americans did not get along and conflict broke out.