They were also required to learn Christianity (document 8). The native peoples’ land and space was invaded and they were required to do whatever the conquerors said, or else they would be punished. This era in history is a devastating time for an immense amount of people. The Age of Exploration was a strenuous period of time for the native people, and therefore should not be celebrated.
This fall caused fear in Europeans. An anticipation of spreading Christianity was also a major factor in causing exploration. Similarly, mercantilism also pushed Europeans to explore the world by causing Europeans to pursuit wealth. The accomplishments of the Age of Exploration also brought a European Golden Age known as the Renaissance. An intensification of Europe’s wealth and power, the rise of financial institutions, and social vicissitudes all rehabilitated into the
California History: Mission Santa Clara De Asis When looking at present day America it is difficult to picture what is was like just a few hundred years ago, it is hard to believe that such a vast amount of land could change as drastically as it did in such a short amount of time. This huge change that America went through was caused by the colonization of the multiple European empires. When it came to the colonization of the ‘new world’ and the assimilation of its native people, one of the most common methods was the use of religion. One of the reasons most of the European empires saw the Native Americans as savages and of lower status was because of how greatly their religion differed from the colonists. Although many of the colonists believed
England was the last of the large European empires to begin their exploration of the New World. Their desire to discover new land spawned from their need for raw goods that was currently threatening to throw their economy out of balance, their victory in the Anglo-Spanish War which gave them the courage to challenge Spain, their need to find unsettled land for their younger population and their want to spread Protestantism (Schultz, 32). English settlement of North America began in 1585 with Sir Walter Raleigh and his settlement of Roanoke. Roanoke did not succeed as a settlement but Raleigh learned that Spain’s conquistador model of quick riches was not a correct model for English success. In order to succeed, England would have to setup settlements based on a model of plantations and agriculture.
The colonization of America began with the landing of Christopher Columbus in 1492. The Europeans that arrived in the America 's brought with them hope and thoughts for a new beginning in life, the dream of new beginnings for home and family however, the unexpected arose as they also brought diseases that were not indigenous to the native tribes already settled on the North American Continent. These diseases decimated the native population as well as the European settlers that landed in 1492. The lack of immunity against these diseases allowed infections to spread rapidly and caused those infected to die painful deaths. This was not looked upon by the natives positively, in fact, this was the catalyst that began the conflict between the native
Millions of years ago, the Earth was divided into two the Old and New Worlds. This lasted for quite some time, so long that different evolutions began. For example, on one side of the Atlantic rattlesnakes developed, but on the other, vipers grew. The Columbian Exchange was the exchange of non-native plants, animals, and diseases brought to the Americas from Europe and vice versa. This all happened after 1492.
European exploration was brought on by the three G’s: God, gold, and glory. People wanted to spread Christianity whether it be Catholicism or Protestantism, while explorers such as Cortes were looking for gold to get rich and glory to get famous. This age of exploration was able to occur because of technological advances such as the caravel, cannons on ships, more advanced cartography, and the magnetic compass. The impact exploration had on the natives of the New World was changes in the natives culture, enslavement of the native people, and a massive population decrease.
Among the many things spread and shared in the Columbian Exchange, the trading of diseases is perhaps the most significant. The natives of the Americas had never experienced the serious diseases that European explorers carried over to the New World. From smallpox to influenza and malaria to cholera, Native American populations were drastically decreased due to their poor immunity. Between the numerous amounts of European diseases, though, measles was the most remarkable in that its effects were both widespread and enduring. Measles, also known as rubeola, is a respiratory infection caused by the measles virus.
Christianity was an essential component for empires in 15th century Europe. Religion became a powerful driving factor for the Spanish to convert and colonize the Americas in a process they justified as divine duty. Invoking religion was not a simple solution to this controversy as it could be used with great efficiency by both sides. Although the Spanish conquistadors generally pressed the importance of converting the natives as a justification for their conquest, conversion being a core tenant of the faith, Bartolome de Las Casas highlighted the grievous sins committed by the conquistadors and how this fundamentally violated the precepts of the faith itself. Thus, mounting convincing challenge to the fidelity towards these religious principles.
He noted their sophisticated, very well-developed societies. When Europeans came into contact with Native Americans, they tried to spread Christianity and force Natives to convert to their religion. This is because people who sided with Sepúlveda felt that their religion was superior and wouldn’t ever fathom that they could adopt any of the Natives’ religions. Places in the “new world” that were under Spanish rule often were exceedingly religiously intolerant. As the Europeans gained more and more power religiously, Native American religions were silenced.
Diseases: Even though through the Columbian Exchange we were able to gain many great materials and much knowledge about the other people who occupy our planet, many diseases where transferred to the Native Americans. Native Americans had not had the chance to gain an immunity to the different diseases that the Europeans had already come in contact with. This caused major issues when death started to treat the Native Americans like a close friend. Arrival and Introduction: Christopher Columbus, a great discoverer and also a carrier of diseases not known to almost wipe out a race.
Around 90% passed on because of ailment with the most reduced Native American populaces recorded in 1900. The introductory 50 years after Columbus ' landing crushed the populaces of the Caribbean and Meso America. It is currently clear that the success of the Aztecs by Cortes was helped significantly by the ailments acquired by the Spanish 1519. In South America illnesses, particularly smallpox, spread in front of the Spanish to bring about a common war among the Inca furthermore debilitate their armed forces to give preference to Pizarro and his when they touched base in 1532. The waterfront zones of Brazil were settled by the Portuguese starting in 1500 and the beachfront zones endured the best populace loss of Native Americans at first.
In 1942 Christopher Columbus set sail from spain in an effort to find a western root to the East Indies. After ten weeks of sailing he finally found land. He landed on the modern day nations of the Dominican republic and Haiti but he called the island Hispaniola. On the island he found the native population, he called them indians because the thought he had reached asia. The native believed that he was divine.
The period of missionization was known to the Spaniards as a time to mold the Indigenous people into the spitting image of what they wanted; cultivating the Indigenous people into civilized, Christian practicing beings. However, through the eyes of the Indigenous people this period was considered to be the end of the world – an end to the world they came to know so well. Settler colonialism introduced a cruel and brutal world upon the Indigenous people, especially for Indigenous women who were targeted by the priests to fulfill their needs of lust, during the period of missionization. In the book, Bad Indians, author Deborah Miranda finds a captivating way of presenting the brave story of Vicenta Gutierrez, who fell victim to the priest on the mission and spoke up about her traumatic event, through the literary genre of a letter. Using the letter as her literary device, Miranda vividly illustrates the sexual violence brought upon Indian women and how the priests used rape to establish power on the missions had a dehumanizing effect on these women.