After Thucydides' ostracism, Pericles was re-elected yearly to the generalship, the only office he ever officially occupied, although his influence was so great as to make him the de facto ruler of the state. For more than 20 years Pericles led many expeditions, mainly naval ones. Being always cautious, he never undertook of his own accord a battle involving much uncertainty and peril and he did not accede to the "vain impulses of the citizens". He based his military policy on Themistocles' principle that Athens' predominance depends on its superior naval power and believed that the Peloponnesians were near-invincible on land. (The fleet, backbone of Athenian power since the days of Themistocles, was manned almost entirely by members of the
While talking about the end of the Greek democracy, we have to talk about the Pericles, Thucydides, and "The Peloponnesian Wars". Ordinarily, Pericles was the famous Democratic leader of the Athens. He was also well known for this great speech. Regardless of being the famous leader, talented politicians like Pericles and Themistocles mostly dominated the Athenian politics in order to get supported on their own agenda and policies by the majority in the assembly.
Pericles,who was a general and statesmen in Athens, successfully maximized the Delian League showcasing Athenian imperialism. He won battles that arranged Sparta and Athens into a peace treaty. During this time Pericles advanced democracy in Athens allowing for the first time officials to be paid. Also during this time, he became a supporter for the arts and architecture that Athens developed. During the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, Pericles was elected by the state to give a speech over the fallen soldiers.
Pericles, the author of the speech, was a general of Athens in the fifth century BCE. Often regarded as the greatest ruler of Athens and even all of Greece, Pericles fostered the famous democracy of Greece and supervised countless theater, statue, and infrastructure building projects. However, the majority of his rule occurred during the initial crumbling of Greece–the Peloponnesian War. In this deadly conflict between the city states of Athens and Sparta, both militaries fought for the title of the overarching ruler of the Mediterranean. Pericles gave this legendary speech after a major loss with the Spartans, in combination with funerals honoring the dead, hence the speech’s title.
When one thinks of Ancient Greece many individuals come to mind and one such person was Pericles of Athens. He was a peerless statesman that guided Athens during a Golden Age of Democracy, transformed the Delian League into an Athenian Hegemony, patron of the theatrical arts, and renovator of the Acropolis. None this facets of Pericles are the subject of this paper. The aspect that will be the topic of discussion is the only office Pericles ever officially held, general or strategos. While his political and cultural accomplishments endlessly researched and discussed his military exploits and how they affected his other accomplishments have not received the same amount of attention.
Speeches play an important role in Thucydides’s historical work. The use of rhetoric in them serves to convince various peoples to embark on journeys or build up morale. While one may simply read the rhetoric used in speeches as a device to convince people, a new meaning to the text is elucidated once one examines the underlying types of rhetoric used. The rhetorical nature of the main speeches in Thuydides’s History of the Peloponnesian War convey a message about Athens, yet with different spins amongst the three.
There is a common theme of unifying armies and peoples to overcome war and discourse amongst all the readings. The legacy of unifying a nation and/or peoples to come together and focus on a problem as one instead of fighting amongst each other was prominent especially all the readings were in reference to wars and battles that were occuring for each empire/leader at the time. The unifications in all of the readings was usually done through a democractic process where the majority vote amongst the divided individuals won the decision. In the reading, Thucydides and the Hellenes, Thucydides describes the country of Hellas (known more commonly as Greece) which was always in disarray and the people always fought amongst each other.
Made popular in light of Antigone, was chosen into high office, Pericles was the pioneer amid the era, was a dear companion of Pericles political adversary, however then he likewise got to be companions with Pericles. Sophocles needed to broaden majority rule government. Antigone had topics of custom versus nature that were impacted by occasions throughout his life. Sophocles was one of the immense three unfortunate dramatists and was very refined having composed 123 plays in his lifetime. The imperialistic part implied that there would be riches and influence to appreciate, yet this happiness likewise must be constrained by the law.
The Democracy of Athens meant that the people rule themselves. It was easy for the Athenians to see who the people are due to the population number at the time. Therefore, they could easily make decisions. The biggest difference between Athenian democracy and almost all other democracies is that the Athenians had a direct democracy rather than being representative. The city-state of Athens, 5th century Athens to be precise, is the inventor and first practitioner of democracy.