Pros And Cons Of Broken Windows Theory

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Summary Of Argument, Methods:
In 1968, stop and frisk was based on strict guidelines that explained how far an officer can frisk someone according to the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments. Behind the police officers’ stop and frisks, the strategies of broken windows policing and the zero-tolerance policy were introduced. Broken windows theory began in New York during the year of 1982, and former Mayor Giuliani of New York created zero-tolerance policy in 1997. Broken windows was a known policing strategy throughout all departments in the nation. Broken windows was a policing strategy that gave officers the decision to choose what crimes to stop at the officer’s own discretion. Although broken windows theory was effective in reducing crime rates
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Citizens of New York saw the zero-tolerance policy as taken out of context. Former Mayor Giuliani was enforcing that police take all crimes seriously. Police would have had to enforce minor offenses as serious as major offenses, which would not be fair to citizens.
“Late in Giuliani's first term, the broken-windows approach morphed into zero tolerance” (Rosen 26).
The broken-windows theory was enforced before zero-tolerance policy and the Mayor transitioned into a more strict policy for reducing crime. Broken windows policing was effective in reducing crime rates within the United States. The transition into zero-tolerance policy made the police look at small offenses more seriously because these small offenses and low-level crimes could lead to higher offenses. Zero-tolerance was implemented because the Mayor realized all criminal offenses needed to be taken
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Policing policies including broken windows and zero-tolerance policy have different limitations on what can be stopped. The broken windows theory gave police a wide discretion when stopping citizens. During the time when broken windows was implemented, citizens were able to get away with low-level crimes. Once zero-tolerance began, the officers became more strict in stopping citizens which would make them feel targeted for the wrong reasons, like the color of their skin. The zero-tolerance policy was implemented to update the police’s discretion of what to stop and to keep crime down. The source has limitations because it strictly gives the background of the history of policing strategies to reducing crime. Jeffrey Rosen uses former Mayor Giuliani’s quotes and worked closely with transit-police authority. I would be able to use quotes from this article because it relates to my topic, being in New York and dealing with stop and frisk. My final questions for Rosen would include, why did he not mention more about these policing strategies tie in with Supreme Court cases? Did the Supreme Court tell former Mayor Giuliani to get a more strict policing policy to increase the UF-250 forms? Overall, the source evaluation is informational to get the knowledge of the policing
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