The separation stage of the monomyth is marked by Satan’s banishment to Hell, and his decision for revenge towards God. His attempts at bringing about the downfall of Adam and Eve, as well as his encounters and interactions with the rest of God’s creation, address the initiation stage. The return is depicted in Satan’s venture back into the underworld, as well as the consequences that fall on everyone, following his actions
Cat’s Cradle written by Kurt Vonnegut and Catch-22 by Joseph Heller are two novels published only two years apart from each other, with two different messages that they portray. Vonnegut’s Cat’s Cradle focuses around the idea of religion and it’s “bittersweet lies” that a modern man must address in the apocalyptic setting of the book. Heller’s Catch-22 is an anti-war book that is set during World War II that one solider realizes the reality of war, politics and the importance of the control power brings. Both authors use satirical targets numerous times throughout to depict the message of the novels. By definition, a satire is “a literary work holding up human vices and follies to ridicule or scorn.” (Merriam-Webster) Both of these authors use this satirical idea to express their views on the issues the novels concern.
For one to sell their soul to the devil it takes willingness in return for a great desire. This archetypal theme is still used today and seen in so many literary work. However, in order to accomplish what the devil has to offer like fame, fortune, power or beauty, at the end the individual will end up getting hurt or losing everything they worked for in the devil's name. In the short story, “The Devil and Tom Walker” Tom Walker was faced to give his soul to the devil , just like Queen Ravenna in the movie, “Snow White and the Huntsman”. First, in the story, “The Devil and Tom Walker”, Tom was full of greed and that is what motivated him to sell his soul to the devil.
Gauging Evil Do you remember that time you offered to give your sibling something in exchange for them keeping their mouth shut about something they saw you do? That small fraudulent act would land you right down in Circle Eight, Bolgia Five of Hell in Dante’s Inferno. Now that may seem like severe over punishment, but it has it's reason. In The Inferno by Dante Alighieri sinners are placed in concentric rings all approaching the center of Hell. The rings are ordered not by the severity of the crime, but by the darkness of the heart of the sinner.
Of all the great heroes in epics and movies alike, each one of them has his or her great traits as well as fatal flaws. Unfortunately, our hero’s fatal flaw is losing faith in God and he loses his life because of that. In the epic Beowulf, many references to Paganism and Christianity are found throughout the tale due to the author’s belief that faith in God assures victory whereas faith in paganism assures defeat. Paganism and Christianity parallel the struggle of holiness and evil throughout the epic, and in many cases, faith in God is the key to Beowulf´s success as he defeats monsters and protects the village of Herot. Beowulf faces foes such as Grendel and Grendel’s mother who utilize magic spells to fight as read, “that sin-stained demon/
The cultural influences of Christianity can be traced to the presence of monsters in Beowulf. The depiction of the monster Grendel is a reflection of demons in Biblical nature. His existence itself “among the banished monsters, Cain’s clan, whom the Creator had outlawed and condemned as outcasts” (David and Simpson 44) prove that as Grendel is a descendant of Cain, who killed his own brother Abel, he is an evil figure that stems from a Christian symbol of evil. Nonetheless, as Grendel is a spawn of Cain, Goldsmith argues that the poet wants to show the battle with Grendel “is part of the uncompoundable feud between God’s people and the race of Cain”(Goldsmith). Furthermore, while the battle to defeat Grendel is one to protect home and hearth by banishing evil, it is also an inevitable battle that will be forever connected between Christians and Cain’s offspring.
Religion and Mythology in Where are you going Where have you been “Where are you going, Where have you been” by Joyce Carol Oates is a short story abundant with symbolism and hidden meanings. People have interpreted thousands of different meanings for Oates’ story, showing even the smallest details to have significant meaning. The majority of this symbolism seems to focus around religion and mythology. Although Oates is an atheist there is almost irrefutable proof of religious meaning in her story, even the title itself having religious origins. One significant piece of symbolism is the comparison of Arnold Friend to a satyr or the Devil himself.
In Geoffrey Chaucer 's "The Canterbury Tales", it portrays the characters from every level of feudal society and reveals the social roles from each character played throughout the chapters. In his masterpiece, Chaucer also uses satire to speak about human morality through the medieval era when the Catholic Church was governed by England. Chaucer starts his examination right on time with three religious characters-first being the monk. Monks should experience their lives in destitution, virtue, and submission something that this specific monk neglected to do. He enjoyed owning numerous stallions and dressing pleasantly which contaminated his motivation of destitution.
He also suggests that the poem reflects the preChristian past [Tolkein, 1936]3. The text further gives evidence of it being a Christian poem when after slaying the slave, Beowulf presents to Hrothgar the hilt of his sword on which was engraved the slaying of giants as depicted in the Hebrew Bible (Genesis 6:4, Beowulf, lines 1690-950)[Bodek,2004]. The question of whether Beowulf is a Christian or pagan poem is still largely debated. However, this confusion does not take away the central characteristics of the poem, which is its epic descriptions of war, its vivid imagery and glorifying of a hero which later acted as a style for poets and dramatists to personify their
As a result of straying from the church, Edwards tells the Puritans they belong in Hell. Edward’s uses the Puritans fear of Hell along with rhetorical devices to get the audience to rejoin the church. Hell becomes more realistic through the words of Edwards. He tells the Puritans, “Hell is gaping for them”, meaning Satan wants to be united with the sinners. Edwards elaborates on his claim and states if God were to spare the audience now, they would “immediately sink and plunge into a bottomless gulf” of Hell.