That is both a good and bad side to this situation. Yes, these offenders will be thinking twice of whether or not they should even attempt to try and commit a similar crime but there is a downfall to it. Although the sex offenders might be thinking twice they might also be coming up with me clever ways to do what they want and get away with it. Some sex offenders may also be scared of the harsh punishments that they are likely to receive. If sex offenders are indentified in the community if a sex offender is caught doing the same crime they are likely to receive a worst punishment from which they received before.
While some approaches to rehabilitation involve therapy and restructuring individuals thinking processes, one might argue against this approach (Carney, 2015). Blackburn (1993) and Siegel and Welsh (2015) explain that this approach focuses on intellectual and moral development. This approach is widely used in the criminal justice system for rehabilitation in therapy and with juvenile delinquent programs. The disadvantage to this theory is that juveniles may just obey the law to avoid punishment, therefore not learning from their mistakes (Siegel, 2015). For example, a person who is on parole for a first offense may learn how to avoid getting caught again by learning what behaviors police watch for.
Custody sentences are for punishment, rehabilitation and education, however, there are different views to youth imprisonment. Some critics say if you commit a crime you should take responsibility and jail will give you a ‘short sharp shock’ and you will receive rehabilitation. Whilst some say it is damaging to children and would lead to further reoffending once they are out due to learning crimes off other criminals. Evidence does suggest that children who have more than one risk factor present are more than likely to be involved in criminal activities (Hopkins Burke, 2016 p. 232). There are three penal institutions sometimes called secure estates - local authority secure children's homes, secure training centres and young offender’s institutes.
The main contribution of the theory, though, is the realization of the possible relationship between criminal behavior or inclinations towards it and flaw in the childhood’s relationships or experience that are related or not to the parents (Sammons, n.d.) The behavioral theory, on the other hand, first explained by Gabriel Tarde, is being utilized in a way that focuses on the behavior modeling and social learning (Psychological theories of crime, n.d.). A major common characteristic of criminals is that they are more likely to be insane, exhibit poor social behavior and be unintelligent. The behavioral theory defines that individuals learn from each other and eventually imitate one another. In particular, relevant to the criminology field is the social learning theory (Psychological theories of crime, n.d.) One of the scientists in that area, Albert Bandura claims that individuals are not born to act violently, but rather they learn that behavior later in life, through family interaction, environmental experiences, and mass
Although some may believe that incarceration may be the most concrete way to stop recidivism, there are other alternatives that have had success as well. One in particular is the diversion program. The Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice states that “processing certain youth through the juvenile justice system may do more harm than good”. There can be many reasons why it can do more harm, one being that they may have committed a petty crime and now they are being placed among more dangerous influential offenders. Offenders may also have a bad record due to a petty act which is something that can be avoided by completing the diversion program.
At what impact does society face or will have to face for allowing a juvenile to be transferred and charged in an adult court? Should the society allow the juvenile to be charged as an adult? If the answer is a resounding “Yes” society will see the court handle the horrendous crime committed from said juvenile with a harsher punishment with a slim chance of a way out. Violence is met with the punishment it deserves. Also, this punishment will also be a deterrent and set the precedent for others to see and understand the implications of violence.
In the article, “Greg Ousley Is Sorry for Killing Parents. Is That Enough?” Scott Anderson exemplifies that juveniles may be living in a toxic home environment, which leads to potential murder. In “Juveniles Don’t Deserve Life Sentence,” Garinger speaks about juveniles that are mistreated and were subject to life without parole sentences. Lastly, the article that also justifies that juvenile justice is solidified would be, “Report: Juvenile justice system schools “do more harm than good,” Frey argues that the juvenile system may be harmful, in that some juveniles suffer from disabilities and behavioral issues. Based on strong textual evidence and corresponding research it is clear that mandatory life sentence for juveniles who commit murder is unfair because juveniles are immature, cannot remove themselves from a toxic home environment, and is
Giving a child harsh punishments can lead to great tragedy like the death of Haimon and Antigone. When a kid had no input on their set of rules they will find ways to get around them without being caught. This could include sneaking out after a set curfew or lying about their whereabouts. When doing these things, there can be very bad outcomes such as gettings seriously injured or even getting in bad situations where death is a factor. When a there is a strong relationship between parents and children, trust will be gained and you will be able to communicate feelings on certain topics were disagreement arrises.
Since a juvenile’s brain is still forming, many perform reckless acts due to their limited impulse control, decision-making, and judgement. Juveniles who commit crimes and receive life without parole should be able to have a second chance in society because teens make mistakes due to their impulse control and should not be punished for the rest of their lives for one mistake. Juveniles should be rehabilitated for the actions they do instead of
Bullying Can Be Prevented Bullying is a form of violence to pick on victims because they are different from their bullies, have insecurity/jealousy or home problems. The hate towards their victim has something to do with the victim having an unusual gift or being intelligent the bullies has yet to become. It is important that this behavior should be prevented or it will become worse. Bullying is one of the main issues public and private schools have to face on a day-to-day basis. When the bully takes it too far, the victim snaps and retaliates by fighting him/her back physically or verbally.
When this starts to happen crime develops, and for people that live their they become accustomed to the criminal environment. Still even though an area is bad doesn 't mean the people are, criminal behavior is taught by others. Once someone is doing something wrong they convince others that what their doing is nessary. Certian theory explains why other follow criminal behavior and why children and easily influenced to doso. Social theory implies that criminal behavior is learned through close relations with others, it asserts that children are born good but learned to be bad.
The Juvenile Justice guidebook for Legislators suggest that “ Without treatment, the child may continue on a path of delinquency and eventually adult crime. Effective assessments of and comprehensive responses to court-involved juveniles with mental health needs can help break this cycle and produce healthier young people who are less likely to act out and commit crimes”. In a case, the jurors and prosecutors should at least be aware that if it was the mental disorder that caused or influenced them to kill, it could have been avoided. Through effective treatment the juvenile could have been able to break the cycle of a future criminal history. It should be taken into consideration that not all the time is juveniles associated with type of fundamental
These attributes can be something that a person has no control over, such as their race or socio-economic background. Criminalization is not often based on laws, but instead revolves around customs that others have been understood as good or bad, which can later lead to laws. This idea consists of the reinterpretation of everyday actions or ideas and vilifying them (Merry 14 -15). In the cases of children there exists the idea that a child who commits a violent and heinous crime will only become more violent and will continue to commit crimes. Therefore, once a despicable act has been committed by a child he or she becomes labeled as a violent criminal.
Better decision-making by prosecutors involves exercising prosecutorial discretion in favor of adolescent rehabilitation. Whether to transfer an adolescent often rests on the prosecutor in most states, however, the lack of specific standards guiding prosecutors in their discretion makes the transfer process susceptible to abuse, ultimately influencing the disparity. Nonetheless departing from traditional rehabilitative goals, transferring adolescents into the adult criminal justice system has proved unsuccessful with unintended consequences. As such, offering alternatives in lieu of incarceration may yield a more positive outcome for rehabilitation and towards reducing the disparity by diversion and community-based alternatives. Holding adolescent
For starters, the victim has to recognise and report the crime to to police, however, in some instances may not due to not realising they’ve witnessed a criminal act, their involvement or relationship to those involved, or their uncertainty that the situation will be resolved by the police. The shifts in policing policy can also have an impact on crimes such as drug related offences and traffic infringements. These rely on police detection rather than their response, and so are affected by relevant police practices. These can vary depending on the federal and state force. (Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, 2015) More specifically to domestic violence, the reasons can include: the victim not realising the seriousness of the assault; the victim believing they have handled it and that there will not be a reoccurrence; the victim is embarrassed of the